Mercedes Vera-Martín, Dominique Fayad, Sergejs Saksonovs, Wei Shi, and Fang Yang
INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND
CCA countries achieved gains in inclusiveness over the past 20 years as incomes increased and poverty, inequality, and unemployment declined. Most of the progress occurred before the 2008-09 global financial crisis. Since then, poverty rates have barely moved and, for oil importers, remain elevated.