Information about Middle East Oriente Medio
Chapter

Statistical Appendix

Author(s):
International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.
Published Date:
May 2009
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The IMF's Middle East and Central Asia Department (MCD) countries comprise Afghanistan, Algeria, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Djibouti, Egypt, Georgia, Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kuwait, the Kyrgyz Republic, Lebanon, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco, Oman, Pakistan, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sudan, Syria, Tajikistan, Tunisia, Turkmenistan, the United Arab Emirates, Uzbekistan, the West Bank and Gaza, and Yemen.

The following statistical appendix tables contain data for 30 of the MCD countries. Somalia and the West Bank and Gaza are not included because of limited data availability. Afghanistan, Iraq, and Turkmenistan are included in the tables, but excluded from the country grouping averages in all the tables except Tables 2, 1315, and 17. Iran’s projections are based on January’s global and domestic assumptions and are being revised in coordination wit the authorities. Data revisions reflect changes in methodology and/or revisions provided by country authorities.

The data relate to the calendar year, with the following exceptions: (1) for Qatar, fiscal data are on a fiscal year (April/March) basis; and (2) for Afghanistan, Egypt, Iran, and Pakistan, all macroeconomic accounts data are on a fiscal year basis. For Egypt and Pakistan, the data for each year (e.g., 2004) refer to the fiscal year (July/June) ending in June of that year (e.g., June 2004). For Afghanistan and Iran, data for each year refer to the fiscal year (March 21/March 20) starting in March of that year. Data in Table 5 relate to the calendar year for all countries, except for Iran which shows the Islamic year.

In Tables 3, 9, and 10, “oil” includes gas, which is also an important resource in several countries.

REO aggregates are constructed using a variety of weights as appropriate to the series:

  • Country group composites for the growth rates of monetary aggregates and exchange rates (Table 6) are weighted by GDP converted to U.S. dollars at market exchange rates (both GDP and exchange rates are averaged over the preceding three years) as a share of MCD or group GDP.
  • Composites for other data relating to the domestic economy (Tables 1, 3, 5, and 812), whether growth rates or ratios, are weighted by GDP valued at purchasing power parities (PPPs) as a share of total MCD or group GDP.
  • Composites relating to the external economy (Tables 16 and 18) are sums of individual country data after conversion to U.S. dollars at the average market exchange rates in the years indicated for balance of payments data and at end-of-year market exchange rates for debt denominated in U.S. dollars.

Tables 2, 4, 5, 1315, and 17 are sums of the individual country data.

Table 1.Real GDP Growth(Annual change; in percent)
AverageProj.Proj.
2000–042004200520062007200820092010
MENAP5.16.05.85.86.05.72.63.6
Middle Eastern oil exporters5.66.16.05.56.05.42.33.8
Algeria4.35.25.12.03.03.02.13.9
Bahrain7.75.67.96.78.16.12.63.5
Iran5.75.14.75.87.84.53.23.0
Iraq46.5−0.76.21.59.86.96.7
Kuwait13.310.210.65.12.56.3−1.12.4
Libya3.14.410.36.76.86.71.12.8
Oman4.65.36.06.86.46.23.03.8
Qatar8.917.79.215.015.316.418.016.4
Saudi Arabia3.75.35.63.03.54.6−0.92.9
Sudan6.45.16.311.310.26.84.05.0
United Arab Emirates7.79.78.29.46.37.4−0.61.6
Yemen4.34.05.63.23.33.97.74.7
Middle Eastern oil importers4.25.95.46.36.06.23.23.4
Afghanistan12.08.816.18.212.13.49.07.0
Djibouti2.33.03.24.85.15.85.15.4
Egypt3.94.14.56.87.17.23.63.0
Jordan5.68.68.18.06.65.63.04.0
Lebanon4.27.52.60.67.58.53.04.0
Mauritania3.35.25.411.41.02.22.34.7
Morocco4.74.83.07.82.75.44.44.4
Pakistan4.37.47.76.26.06.02.53.5
Syria3.36.74.55.14.25.23.02.8
Tunisia4.66.04.05.56.34.53.33.8
CCA8.49.111.013.112.06.30.95.0
Armenia10.710.514.013.213.86.8−5.00.0
Azerbaijan8.310.424.330.523.411.62.512.3
Georgia5.85.99.69.412.42.01.03.0
Kazakhstan10.49.69.710.78.93.2−2.01.5
Kyrgyz Republic4.97.0−0.23.18.57.60.92.9
Tajikistan9.710.66.77.07.87.92.03.0
Turkmenistan17.314.713.011.411.69.86.97.0
Uzbekistan4.87.77.07.39.59.07.07.0
Memorandum
GCC5.97.46.95.55.16.41.34.2
Maghreb4.35.15.24.84.04.42.73.9
Sources: Data provided by country authorities; and IMF staff estimates and projections.
Sources: Data provided by country authorities; and IMF staff estimates and projections.
Table 2.Nominal GDP(In billions of U.S. dollars)
AverageProj.Proj.
2000–042004200520062007200820092010
MENAP9181154139016431906243021552398
Middle Eastern oil exporters581826103012301425185315561759
Algeria63.885.1102.7116.8135.3159.7128.6145.7
Bahrain9.111.213.515.818.421.218.119.9
Iran124.7161.3188.0222.1285.9341.4358.3380.2
Iraq25.831.449.362.490.968.680.5
Kuwait43.659.480.8101.6111.8158.1106.2121.2
Libya30.833.345.555.169.9100.162.974.0
Oman21.324.830.935.740.452.643.149.0
Qatar22.031.742.556.971.0102.399.7133.3
Saudi Arabia205.3250.7315.8356.6381.9481.6374.0423.8
Sudan16.021.727.436.446.557.952.260.7
United Arab Emirates82.2107.3135.2164.2180.2260.1215.2235.5
Yemen11.213.916.719.121.727.228.735.0
Middle Eastern oil importers281328360414480577599639
Afghanistan4.65.46.57.79.712.114.015.3
Djibouti0.60.70.70.80.81.01.11.2
Egypt88.478.889.8107.4130.3162.2188.1203.8
Jordan9.711.412.614.816.520.021.723.3
Lebanon18.821.521.922.425.028.931.333.2
Mauritania1.21.51.92.72.83.23.23.4
Morocco44.456.959.565.675.186.484.690.6
Pakistan80.198.1109.6127.5144.0167.6162.6170.2
Syria22.025.028.633.540.654.852.858.5
Tunisia22.728.329.031.135.140.339.839.3
CCA5691118160212262223252
Armenia2.63.64.96.49.211.910.59.8
Azerbaijan6.68.713.221.031.346.437.946.9
Georgia3.85.16.47.810.212.911.311.9
Kazakhstan27.843.257.181.0104.8132.2101.9115.8
Kyrgyz Republic1.72.22.52.83.85.04.95.1
Tajikistan1.42.12.32.83.75.15.45.5
Turkmenistan9.314.217.221.426.220.419.822.2
Uzbekistan11.412.014.317.022.327.931.035.2
Memorandum
GCC3554856197318041076856983
Maghreb152205239271318390319353
Sources: Data provided by country authorities; and IMF staff estimates and projections.
Sources: Data provided by country authorities; and IMF staff estimates and projections.
Table 3.Oil and Non-Oil Real GDP Growth for Oil Exporters(Annual change; in percent)
AverageProj.Proj.
2000–042004200520062007200820092010
Non-oil GDP
Middle Eastern oil exporters5.56.66.56.67.36.13.73.8
Algeria4.86.24.75.66.36.15.75.1
Bahrain7.110.711.68.19.26.93.04.0
Iran6.05.45.36.28.65.04.03.5
Iraq14.912.07.5−2.05.04.04.5
Kuwait11.612.110.07.06.37.91.23.3
Libya0.22.615.810.711.311.06.05.0
Oman6.78.57.38.49.08.13.54.3
Qatar9.424.613.119.914.514.59.09.1
Saudi Arabia3.74.65.24.94.95.33.33.5
Sudan
Syria6.610.27.56.95.86.03.74.2
United Arab Emirates9.212.610.810.49.18.60.81.8
Yemen4.95.46.54.75.34.84.44.4
Memorandum
GCC5.68.57.57.46.97.23.23.9
Oil GDP
Middle Eastern oil exporters4.54.33.51.81.22.4−3.51.1
Algeria3.83.35.8−2.5−0.9−0.9−2.10.1
Bahrain0.5−11.9−8.8−1.01.11.20.10.1
Iran3.52.9−0.42.71.70.4−4.0−2.0
Iraq74.274.2−8.15.34.013.08.78.0
Kuwait17.18.111.42.9−2.34.2−4.50.9
Libya5.35.57.24.33.93.8−2.51.0
Oman0.5−1.82.92.6−0.80.41.42.1
Qatar8.612.56.010.716.218.226.322.2
Saudi Arabia3.96.76.2−0.80.53.2−10.51.3
Sudan
Syria−6.4−6.1−8.6−4.1−5.0−0.1−1.9−7.2
United Arab Emirates4.42.91.66.5−1.63.6−5.30.8
Yemen4.95.46.54.75.34.84.44.4
Memorandum
GCC5.55.75.61.91.04.5−4.33.5
Sources: Data provided by country authorities; and IMF staff estimates and projections.
Sources: Data provided by country authorities; and IMF staff estimates and projections.
Table 4.Crude Oil Production and Exports(Millions of barrels a day)
AverageProj.Proj.
2000–042004200520062007200820092010
Production
Middle Eastern oil exporters21.324.925.726.025.826.525.424.5
Algeria1.01.31.41.41.41.41.3
Bahrain0.20.20.20.20.20.20.20.2
Iran3.64.04.04.04.14.04.03.9
Iraq2.01.92.02.02.32.52.7
Kuwait2.02.32.62.62.62.72.62.6
Libya1.41.61.71.81.81.91.91.9
Oman0.90.80.80.70.70.70.70.7
Qatar0.70.80.80.80.80.90.80.9
Saudi Arabia8.18.99.49.28.89.18.18.2
Sudan0.20.30.30.40.50.50.50.6
Syria0.50.50.40.40.40.40.40.3
United Arab Emirates2.22.32.42.62.52.62.52.5
Yemen
Memorandum
GCC13.915.316.016.115.716.114.915.2
Exports1
Middle Eastern oil exporters13.614.915.615.815.916.415.415.8
Algeria0.60.91.00.90.90.80.80.8
Bahrain0.20.20.20.10.10.10.20.2
Iran2.72.42.42.52.52.32.1
Iraq1.51.41.41.61.82.02.1
Kuwait1.21.41.71.71.61.71.61.6
Libya1.11.31.31.41.51.51.41.4
Oman0.80.70.70.60.60.50.50.5
Qatar0.70.70.70.70.80.80.70.8
Saudi Arabia6.26.87.27.07.07.26.36.4
Sudan0.20.20.20.20.40.40.40.5
Syria0.30.20.20.20.20.10.10.1
United Arab Emirates2.02.22.22.42.32.42.32.3
Yemen0.30.30.30.30.20.20.20.2
Memorandum
GCC11.112.012.612.712.412.711.611.8
Sources: Data provided by country authorities; and IMF staff estimates and projections.

Excluding exports of refined oil products.

Sources: Data provided by country authorities; and IMF staff estimates and projections.

Excluding exports of refined oil products.

Table 5.Consumer Price Inflation(Year average; in percent)
AverageProj.Proj.
2000–042004200520062007200820092010
MENAP5.07.15.66.99.315.29.97.8
Middle Eastern oil exporters5.87.15.56.810.315.610.08.5
Algeria2.43.61.62.53.64.54.63.4
Bahrain−1.82.22.62.03.33.53.02.5
Iran14.215.310.411.918.426.018.015.0
Iraq16.47.837.053.230.83.513.88.0
Kuwait1.21.34.13.15.510.56.04.8
Libya−4.51.02.91.46.210.46.54.5
Oman−0.30.71.93.45.912.66.26.0
Qatar2.56.88.811.813.815.09.08.4
Saudi Arabia−0.20.40.62.34.19.95.54.5
Sudan7.58.48.57.28.014.39.08.0
United Arab Emirates3.05.06.29.311.111.52.03.1
Yemen11.712.59.910.87.919.012.013.3
Middle Eastern oil importers3.67.35.77.17.614.49.76.6
Afghanistan9.512.612.77.28.630.56.55.6
Djibouti1.83.13.13.55.012.05.55.0
Egypt4.711.34.97.611.314.112.58.3
Jordan1.93.43.56.35.414.94.03.6
Lebanon0.81.7−0.75.64.110.83.62.1
Mauritania7.110.412.16.27.37.34.95.8
Morocco1.61.51.03.32.03.93.02.8
Pakistan4.27.49.17.97.620.311.97.5
Syria1.84.47.210.44.714.57.56.0
Tunisia2.73.62.04.53.15.03.23.4
CCA9.66.67.99.311.816.68.68.4
Armenia3.07.00.62.94.49.03.67.2
Azerbaijan3.06.79.78.416.620.84.07.0
Georgia5.05.78.39.29.210.05.06.5
Kazakhstan8.26.97.68.610.817.29.58.7
Kyrgyz Republic7.04.14.35.610.224.512.48.6
Tajikistan21.47.27.310.013.220.411.911.5
Turkmenistan8.05.910.78.26.315.010.08.0
Uzbekistan19.56.610.014.212.312.712.59.5
Memorandum
GCC0.61.72.64.36.310.75.34.8
Maghreb1.22.71.82.93.65.44.33.5
Sources: Data provided by country authorities; and IMF staff estimates and projections.
Sources: Data provided by country authorities; and IMF staff estimates and projections.
Table 6.Central Government Fiscal Balance(In percent of GDP)
AverageProj.
2000–04200420052006200720082009
MENAP0.92.86.26.35.27.1−4.0
Middle Eastern oil exporters3.96.912.312.310.514.0−3.2
Algeria5.66.911.913.64.511.4−12.4
Bahrain4.04.67.64.73.28.0−7.6
Iran2.11.71.7−1.84.1−1.7−3.5
Iraq1−50.56.514.28.813.7−27.0
Kuwait23.820.742.935.440.226.721.2
Libya9.213.930.935.526.236.73.2
Oman7.54.512.114.210.312.1−4.8
Qatar8.616.49.79.112.811.54.5
Saudi Arabia0.910.018.421.012.332.7−7.6
Sudan−0.30.2−2.4−4.3−5.4−1.4−4.0
United Arab Emirates23.59.720.028.425.221.90.6
Yemen10.4−2.2−1.81.2−7.2−4.8−6.0
Middle Eastern oil importers−4.6−4.8−5.4−5.1−4.9−5.8−5.5
Afghanistan−1.5−1.41.0−2.9−1.8−4.1−2.3
Djibouti−2.2−1.90.2−2.5−2.61.3−1.8
Egypt1−6.0−8.3−8.4−9.2−7.5−7.8−7.9
Jordan−2.8−1.7−5.0−3.6−5.9−6.1−5.3
Lebanon−17.0−9.7−8.4−10.4−10.9−9.9−12.3
Mauritania3−7.2−4.8−7.135.9−1.8−7.5−1.7
Morocco−4.5−3.8−4.8−1.40.61.9−1.7
Pakistan1−2.9−1.8−3.0−3.7−4.0−7.1−4.2
Syria1−1.6−4.2−4.5−1.2−3.0−3.2−4.4
Tunisia−3.2−2.6−3.0−2.9−2.9−0.8−3.1
CCA0.11.13.04.13.06.0−1.4
Armenia−2.7−1.7−2.0−2.1−2.2−1.7−3.6
Azerbaijan−0.21.12.6−0.22.822.4−1.5
Georgia1−1.5−0.2−2.4−3.0−4.7−6.4−5.6
Kazakhstan11.72.55.87.24.71.1−2.0
Kyrgyz Republic1−6.0−4.4−3.6−2.1−0.3−0.3−1.9
Tajikistan−3.1−2.4−2.91.7−6.2−6.1−7.0
Turkmenistan11.11.40.85.33.911.05.2
Uzbekistan1−1.00.61.25.25.110.22.9
Memorandum
GCC5.011.320.622.417.626.5−1.4
Maghreb2.23.88.411.15.811.2−5.7
Sources: Data provided by country authorities; and IMF staff estimates and projections.

General government.

Consolidated accounts of the federal government, and the emirates Abu Dhabi, Dubai, and Sharjah.

Includes oil revenue transferred to the oil fund.

Sources: Data provided by country authorities; and IMF staff estimates and projections.

General government.

Consolidated accounts of the federal government, and the emirates Abu Dhabi, Dubai, and Sharjah.

Includes oil revenue transferred to the oil fund.

Table 7.Broad Money Growth(Annual change; in percent)
AverageProj.
2000–04200420052006200720082009
MENAP14.917.819.821.624.018.810.9
Middle Eastern oil exporters16.119.822.224.726.920.211.6
Algeria16.011.511.116.124.216.013.1
Bahrain8.14.122.014.940.818.49.6
Iran30.131.133.639.228.616.714.0
Iraq34.637.335.488.2
Kuwait8.812.112.321.719.315.67.1
Libya7.013.330.615.340.848.520.0
Oman5.44.021.424.934.829.811.4
Qatar14.114.639.240.935.721.623.2
Saudi Arabia10.618.811.619.319.617.610.6
Sudan30.032.144.727.410.316.316.0
United Arab Emirates17.123.233.823.241.725.73.2
Yemen20.713.913.727.716.813.714.2
Middle Eastern oil importers13.515.016.716.016.815.610.2
Afghanistan34.336.918.022.314.434.517.0
Djibouti11.213.911.310.29.620.611.8
Egypt13.213.213.613.517.115.89.5
Jordan9.411.717.014.110.617.37.1
Lebanon110.212.33.56.410.915.510.0
Mauritania23.313.514.615.718.913.91.9
Morocco9.17.714.017.216.110.98.2
Pakistan14.319.619.314.919.315.37.5
Syria16.011.111.59.49.819.111.7
Tunisia9.310.311.011.412.514.312.6
CCA39.256.030.366.938.631.316.5
Armenia21.922.327.832.942.32.42.3
Azerbaijan30.147.522.186.472.444.021.0
Georgia28.242.626.439.349.67.09.0
Kazakhstan43.668.226.378.125.933.617.1
Kyrgyz Republic24.632.09.951.633.312.60.6
Tajikistan51.651.630.263.478.86.38.3
Turkmenistan33.312.727.955.972.2133.911.9
Uzbekistan40.447.854.336.846.134.720.4
Memorandum
GCC11.517.619.022.026.820.19.5
Maghreb11.110.615.015.623.721.313.4
Sources: Data provided by country authorities; and IMF staff estimates and projections.

Broad money is defined to include nonresident deposits (M5).

Sources: Data provided by country authorities; and IMF staff estimates and projections.

Broad money is defined to include nonresident deposits (M5).

Table 8.Central Government Total Revenue, Excluding Grants(In percent of GDP)
AverageProj.
2000–04200420052006200720082009
MENAP28.630.234.035.434.435.627.9
Middle Eastern oil exporters32.635.141.242.440.842.630.8
Algeria36.336.140.943.039.647.034.7
Bahrain31.630.332.230.428.933.423.4
Iran23.124.530.329.930.924.120.8
Iraq170.479.468.271.579.164.5
Kuwait62.255.271.167.371.059.762.9
Libya45.753.662.965.161.573.859.1
Oman45.745.147.950.345.846.334.6
Qatar39.947.742.541.545.637.333.7
Saudi Arabia35.342.248.050.844.961.034.0
Sudan13.920.523.020.520.021.412.9
United Arab Emirates234.234.241.049.650.447.232.6
Yemen132.431.334.538.232.836.123.0
Middle Eastern oil importers21.220.920.622.322.422.622.5
Afghanistan4.35.06.47.56.96.77.3
Djibouti25.528.830.931.130.228.828.7
Egypt126.024.624.328.227.227.627.8
Jordan25.025.728.229.730.528.027.9
Lebanon20.523.122.422.123.023.924.8
Mauritania326.729.724.529.525.625.325.3
Morocco22.422.223.525.127.430.225.9
Pakistan113.914.113.814.114.914.315.2
Syria128.027.224.025.522.720.921.9
Tunisia24.023.823.623.424.226.523.4
CCA24.025.426.827.829.434.830.6
Armenia15.214.917.417.519.319.619.1
Azerbaijan24.026.825.028.029.952.142.9
Georgia1418.224.222.525.528.627.426.0
Kazakhstan123.924.628.127.528.828.625.1
Kyrgyz Republic120.622.323.725.628.128.523.5
Tajikistan15.917.319.318.920.520.519.1
Turkmenistan121.420.320.520.217.223.521.3
Uzbekistan133.731.430.434.135.442.237.7
Memorandum
GCC39.242.949.151.548.854.937.0
Maghreb32.433.437.439.037.743.934.6
Sources: Data provided by country authorities; and IMF staff estimates and projections.

General government.

Consolidated accounts of the federal government, and the emirates Abu Dhabi, Dubai, and Sharjah.

Includes oil revenue transferred to the oil fund.

Revised for 2002-04 to include extrabudgetary revenues.

Sources: Data provided by country authorities; and IMF staff estimates and projections.

General government.

Consolidated accounts of the federal government, and the emirates Abu Dhabi, Dubai, and Sharjah.

Includes oil revenue transferred to the oil fund.

Revised for 2002-04 to include extrabudgetary revenues.

Table 9.Oil Exporters: Central Government Non-Oil Fiscal Balance(In percent of non-oil GDP)
AverageProj.Proj.
2000–042004200520062007200820092010
Middle Eastern oil exporters−32.6−34.6−38.4−40.4−40.8−44.1−39.2−36.6
Algeria−30.9−30.1−34.7−36.0−45.6−47.2−48.1−43.8
Bahrain−29.1−28.6−28.7−28.5−28.7−33.9−34.3−33.8
Iran−17.1−20.3−28.0−30.7−24.7−26.0−16.4−12.9
Iraq1−306.3−143.5−88.1−114.3−137.8−140.7−122.4
Kuwait−40.5−45.3−15.9−30.3−30.4−53.0−50.7−46.7
Libya−65.3−111.9−123.7−127.6−136.5−160.2−129.7−122.8
Oman−58.0−62.7−63.2−64.9−59.1−60.2−50.6−45.3
Qatar−45.0−33.0−50.3−41.3−33.5−28.8−27.2−25.3
Saudi Arabia−46.9−45.8−50.9−52.7−59.2−57.2−61.6−62.6
Sudan−7.7−11.6−18.8−18.5−20.9−20.1−9.0−10.1
United Arab Emirates2−30.4−22.9−17.0−15.0−15.2−28.9−31.1−26.0
Yemen1−33.7−35.8−43.6−42.6−43.1−46.7−25.4−24.5
Memorandum
GCC−44.0−42.0−41.2−43.0−45.5−49.1−50.5−48.9
Sources: Data provided by country authorities; and IMF staff estimates and projections.

General government.

Consolidated accounts of the federal government, and the emirates Abu Dhabi, Dubai, and Sharjah.

Sources: Data provided by country authorities; and IMF staff estimates and projections.

General government.

Consolidated accounts of the federal government, and the emirates Abu Dhabi, Dubai, and Sharjah.

Table 10.Oil Exporters: Central Government Non-Oil Revenue(In percent of non-oil GDP)
AverageEst.Proj.Proj.Proj.
2000–042004200520062007200820092010
Middle Eastern oil exporters13.314.015.616.617.016.013.713.5
Algeria17.016.917.418.417.118.118.018.0
Bahrain11.410.39.79.07.16.55.25.4
Iran9.510.111.712.412.510.99.99.3
Iraq13.97.36.39.214.811.712.7
Kuwait31.822.648.347.041.231.823.521.2
Libya20.824.920.025.229.336.033.633.5
Oman14.713.613.815.315.815.714.514.7
Qatar29.535.630.934.641.838.535.238.2
Saudi Arabia10.812.811.212.112.414.09.48.9
Sudan7.911.711.211.310.38.99.710.2
United Arab Emirates213.513.216.118.022.115.412.612.4
Yemen113.112.612.814.314.812.411.912.5
Memorandum
GCC15.115.618.119.219.918.514.414.5
Sources: Data provided by country authorities; and IMF staff estimates and projections.

General government.

Consolidated accounts of the federal government, and the emirates Abu Dhabi, Dubai, and Sharjah.

Sources: Data provided by country authorities; and IMF staff estimates and projections.

General government.

Consolidated accounts of the federal government, and the emirates Abu Dhabi, Dubai, and Sharjah.

Table 11.Central Government Total Expenditure and Net Lending(In percent of GDP)
AverageProj.
2000–04200420052006200720082009
MENAP28.027.628.029.429.529.331.7
Middle Eastern oil exporters28.728.228.830.130.429.533.4
Algeria130.829.229.029.435.135.647.1
Bahrain28.426.225.526.126.225.731.6
Iran21.022.828.631.727.228.222.5
Iraq2130.1100.866.566.466.591.9
Kuwait38.334.528.331.930.833.041.7
Libya36.539.732.129.535.337.156.0
Oman38.339.835.135.837.734.239.5
Qatar31.331.332.832.432.825.829.2
Saudi Arabia34.432.129.629.832.628.341.6
Sudan14.120.325.425.226.023.317.6
United Arab Emirates330.724.521.021.225.225.332.0
Yemen232.534.236.837.440.342.729.7
Middle Eastern oil importers26.826.526.528.227.728.928.4
Afghanistan12.815.316.619.619.920.919.7
Djibouti33.737.536.937.437.740.637.8
Egypt232.833.933.237.835.335.536.3
Jordan35.038.338.236.439.439.237.7
Lebanon37.732.830.935.535.334.637.5
Mauritania37.637.733.728.529.733.229.4
Morocco427.126.328.726.927.229.828.1
Pakistan218.116.417.218.419.221.719.6
Syria229.631.428.526.625.724.226.4
Tunisia27.426.626.926.527.127.726.8
CCA24.224.224.023.926.729.332.3
Armenia19.817.119.319.421.721.022.9
Azerbaijan524.325.922.727.427.431.144.4
Georgia218.618.924.929.734.037.133.5
Kazakhstan222.222.122.320.224.227.527.0
Kyrgyz Republic227.627.728.128.931.029.631.0
Tajikistan219.220.323.021.927.827.527.9
Turkmenistan220.318.919.714.913.312.516.2
Uzbekistan235.531.629.529.230.532.134.9
Memorandum
GCC34.231.528.529.131.328.538.4
Maghreb30.329.829.128.431.933.240.5
Sources: Data provided by country authorities; and IMF staff estimates and projections.

Including special accounts.

General government.

Consolidated accounts of the federal government, and the emirates Abu Dhabi, Dubai, and Sharjah.

Net lending includes balance on special treasury accounts.

Expenditures do not include statistical discrepancy.

Sources: Data provided by country authorities; and IMF staff estimates and projections.

Including special accounts.

General government.

Consolidated accounts of the federal government, and the emirates Abu Dhabi, Dubai, and Sharjah.

Net lending includes balance on special treasury accounts.

Expenditures do not include statistical discrepancy.

Table 12.Total Government Debt(In percent of GDP)
AverageProj.
2000–04200420052006200720082009
MENAP62.856.446.740.935.732.332.7
Middle Eastern oil exporters48.038.327.022.417.814.815.7
Algeria53.436.616.023.812.57.28.7
Bahrain32.534.428.723.619.315.225.9
Iran23.426.323.719.717.415.114.6
Iraq1487.3361.3205.8169.8108.9136.7
Kuwait27.917.311.88.36.95.37.5
Libya27.81.41.00.90.00.00.0
Oman19.715.49.69.16.34.54.9
Qatar46.127.819.313.29.47.06.0
Saudi Arabia85.065.038.927.318.715.815.6
Sudan153.6123.0106.789.382.370.084.7
United Arab Emirates25.78.29.210.011.29.010.8
Yemen157.752.143.840.840.436.139.9
Middle Eastern oil importers89.890.184.075.669.364.963.9
Afghanistan
Djibouti68.273.767.663.358.249.847.7
Egypt197.4112.9112.898.887.176.573.8
Jordan97.691.884.077.476.366.165.9
Lebanon162.8167.1175.7179.9167.8162.5161.9
Mauritania3227.7232.7208.6110.5112.693.795.7
Morocco65.959.363.158.153.648.547.5
Pakistan178.167.861.255.854.157.456.9
Syria1121.4109.856.952.141.130.832.6
Tunisia161.059.458.353.750.748.248.4
CCA32.824.418.914.711.911.315.0
Armenia44.032.424.318.717.517.927.7
Azerbaijan22.420.213.310.29.17.311.8
Georgia160.645.735.727.017.221.726.1
Kazakhstan117.911.48.16.75.86.811.4
Kyrgyz Republic1107.392.985.972.556.849.251.9
Tajikistan83.443.142.936.135.229.139.2
Turkmenistan122.49.05.43.32.42.72.3
Uzbekistan46.635.128.221.315.812.710.4
Memorandum
GCC58.743.927.519.914.511.912.5
Maghreb55.742.433.534.227.523.424.1
Sources: Data provided by country authorities; and IMF staff estimates and projections.

General government.

Consolidated accounts of the federal government, and the emirates Abu Dhabi, Dubai, and Sharjah.

Includes oil revenue transferred to the oil fund.

Sources: Data provided by country authorities; and IMF staff estimates and projections.

General government.

Consolidated accounts of the federal government, and the emirates Abu Dhabi, Dubai, and Sharjah.

Includes oil revenue transferred to the oil fund.

Table 13.Exports of Goods and Services(In billions of U.S. dollars)
AverageProj.
2000–04200420052006200720082009
MENAP374.6532.3721.7869.81009.31356.7907.2
Middle Eastern oil exporters299.6435.8609.9740.3857.41163.7735.9
Algeria24.534.148.857.363.582.643.0
Bahrain7.710.213.315.517.221.113.8
Iran35.849.870.882.8104.7110.975.5
Iraq17.823.530.338.762.236.2
Kuwait23.033.851.766.973.399.159.0
Libya15.020.831.940.245.563.635.6
Oman12.314.119.422.524.931.621.5
Qatar14.220.728.739.351.379.563.5
Saudi Arabia92.9132.4188.0219.2242.8325.8183.1
Sudan2.43.85.06.09.312.96.5
United Arab Emirates64.093.2122.0152.5178.4264.9191.5
Yemen4.25.06.87.97.89.46.8
Middle Eastern oil importers68.096.5111.8129.5151.9192.9171.2
Afghanistan1.71.71.91.92.02.32.2
Djibouti0.20.30.30.30.30.40.5
Egypt17.922.928.033.038.553.344.0
Jordan4.56.06.68.19.212.211.1
Lebanon7.910.511.313.716.022.823.9
Mauritania0.40.50.71.51.51.81.6
Morocco12.916.618.821.727.532.728.3
Pakistan11.915.117.820.321.423.722.8
Syria7.89.811.913.115.619.016.7
Tunisia10.313.214.515.819.924.720.1
CCA23.641.054.875.6100.8141.492.1
Armenia0.71.11.41.51.81.81.3
Azerbaijan2.94.28.314.022.532.117.6
Georgia1.21.62.22.63.23.62.8
Kazakhstan14.022.630.541.651.976.442.5
Kyrgyz Republic0.71.01.11.52.23.12.7
Tajikistan0.91.20.60.70.80.80.8
Turkmenistan3.34.25.37.59.511.812.8
Uzbekistan3.75.05.46.38.911.811.5
Memorandum
GCC190.5304.4423.1515.9587.9822.0532.4
Maghreb58.085.2114.8136.5157.9205.5128.6
Sources: Data provided by country authorities; and IMF staff estimates and projections.
Sources: Data provided by country authorities; and IMF staff estimates and projections.
Table 14.Imports of Goods and Services(In billions of U.S. dollars)
AverageProj.
2000–04200420052006200720082009
MENAP304.0428.1512.5613.4757.41003.5950.7
Middle Eastern oil exporters213.0311.1370.7446.3556.6741.8718.3
Algeria15.221.824.625.533.347.547.3
Bahrain6.08.210.211.312.315.711.0
Iran31.549.055.063.371.794.193.8
Iraq24.324.924.126.742.138.8
Kuwait14.719.222.825.831.235.433.4
Libya7.910.713.515.920.525.429.7
Oman8.010.611.113.618.923.217.0
Qatar6.08.312.621.827.139.750.2
Saudi Arabia58.571.088.3114.3146.0179.4184.0
Sudan3.24.77.710.011.012.79.0
United Arab Emirates53.178.493.9112.9148.5217.4196.8
Yemen4.04.96.07.89.49.37.3
Middle Eastern oil importers83.3117.0141.8167.1200.8261.7232.4
Afghanistan4.45.66.87.48.49.49.4
Djibouti0.30.30.40.50.60.80.7
Egypt21.423.330.238.244.963.159.5
Jordan6.99.411.913.215.719.117.6
Lebanon12.215.214.916.820.728.228.3
Mauritania0.71.21.80.41.92.52.1
Morocco14.819.822.826.134.645.536.6
Pakistan13.517.725.633.235.345.338.0
Syria7.310.412.914.718.021.719.5
Tunisia11.114.014.616.420.626.120.7
CCA23.440.248.960.882.697.983.3
Armenia1.21.62.12.53.64.73.6
Azerbaijan3.76.37.08.19.411.512.1
Georgia1.72.53.34.45.97.45.6
Kazakhstan12.718.925.532.944.949.536.8
Kyrgyz Republic0.81.11.42.33.24.74.0
Tajikistan1.01.51.21.62.63.52.8
Turkmenistan3.04.13.93.64.96.78.6
Uzbekistan3.34.24.55.48.29.99.9
Memorandum
GCC131.7195.8238.9299.7384.1510.7492.4
Maghreb44.167.577.384.4110.9147.0136.5
Sources: Data provided by country authorities; and IMF staff estimates and projections.
Sources: Data provided by country authorities; and IMF staff estimates and projections.
Table 15.Current Account Balance(In billions of U.S. dollars)
AverageProj.Proj.
2000–042004200520062007200820092010
MENAP65.697.8219.6279.1280.3369.1−36.440.7
Middle Eastern oil exporters65.196.8224.3286.8292.6397.8−9.671.7
Algeria8.111.121.229.030.637.1−2.22.1
Bahrain0.30.51.52.22.92.30.30.7
Iran4.91.416.620.434.117.8−17.9−13.3
Iraq−10.21.97.69.617.4−4.22.6
Kuwait11.018.234.350.650.070.627.435.5
Libya5.87.417.525.223.639.25.28.7
Oman1.60.64.74.32.43.2−0.11.0
Qatar5.27.114.116.122.036.17.424.2
Saudi Arabia23.252.190.699.695.8139.0−6.819.2
Sudan−1.4−1.4−3.0−5.5−5.8−5.4−6.1−6.0
United Arab Emirates8.09.824.337.129.041.1−12.0−2.5
Yemen0.60.20.60.2−1.5−0.5−0.7−0.4
Middle Eastern oil importers−0.61.0−4.7−7.6−12.3−28.7−26.8−30.9
Afghanistan−0.4−0.3−0.2−0.40.1−0.2−0.5−0.7
Djibouti0.00.00.0−0.1−0.2−0.4−0.2−0.2
Egypt1.03.42.90.91.90.9−5.7−8.4
Jordan0.40.1−2.2−1.6−2.9−2.4−2.3−2.5
Lebanon−3.0−3.3−2.9−1.3−1.8−3.3−3.3−3.3
Mauritania−0.2−0.5−0.90.0−0.3−0.5−0.3−0.6
Morocco1.01.01.11.40.1−4.8−2.1−2.7
Pakistan1.81.8−1.5−5.0−6.9−14.0−9.6−8.3
Syria0.5−0.4−0.6−0.9−1.4−2.2−1.6−2.6
Tunisia−0.8−0.8−0.3−0.6−0.9−1.8−1.2−1.7
CCA−0.9−1.60.35.23.426.0−0.810.4
Armenia−0.20.0−0.1−0.1−0.6−1.5−1.2−1.1
Azerbaijan−1.1−2.60.23.79.016.54.18.6
Georgia−0.3−0.3−0.7−1.2−2.0−2.9−1.8−2.0
Kazakhstan−0.30.3−1.1−2.0−8.27.0−6.61.3
Kyrgyz Republic0.00.10.1−0.10.0−0.3−0.3−0.4
Tajikistan0.0−0.1−0.1−0.1−0.4−0.5−0.5−0.5
Turkmenistan0.30.10.93.44.04.03.12.0
Uzbekistan0.30.91.11.61.63.82.42.4
Memorandum
GCC41.488.2169.5209.9202.0292.316.278.1
Maghreb14.118.238.554.953.169.2−0.55.8
Sources: Data provided by country authorities; and IMF staff estimates and projections.
Sources: Data provided by country authorities; and IMF staff estimates and projections.
Table 16.Current Account Balance(In percent of GDP)
AverageProj.Proj.
2000–042004200520062007200820092010
MENAP8.58.515.817.014.715.2−1.71.7
Middle Eastern oil exporters11.711.721.823.320.521.5−0.64.1
Algeria12.713.120.624.822.623.2−1.71.4
Bahrain3.84.211.013.815.810.61.63.6
Iran4.50.98.89.211.95.2−5.0−3.5
Iraq−39.66.115.415.519.1−6.13.2
Kuwait24.830.642.549.844.744.725.829.3
Libya17.522.338.445.833.839.29.713.4
Oman7.62.415.212.15.96.1−0.22.1
Qatar24.022.433.228.330.935.37.518.1
Saudi Arabia10.620.828.727.925.128.9−1.84.5
Sudan−9.2−6.5−11.1−15.2−12.5−9.3−11.6−10.0
United Arab Emirates9.99.118.022.616.115.8−5.6−1.0
Yemen5.61.63.81.1−7.0−2.0−2.3−1.3
Middle Eastern oil importers0.80.3−1.3−1.8−2.6−5.0−4.5−4.8
Afghanistan−8.1−4.9−2.8−4.90.9−1.5−3.7−4.7
Djibouti−2.3−1.3−3.2−14.7−25.6−39.2−16.1−16.6
Egypt1.24.33.20.81.40.5−3.0−4.1
Jordan3.90.8−17.4−10.8−17.7−12.1−10.8−10.6
Lebanon−15.9−15.5−13.4−5.6−7.1−11.4−10.5−10.0
Mauritania−13.2−34.6−47.2−1.3−11.4−15.7−9.0−16.4
Morocco2.31.71.82.20.2−5.6−2.5−3.0
Pakistan2.21.8−1.4−3.9−4.8−8.4−5.9−4.9
Syria2.6−1.6−2.2−2.8−3.3−4.0−3.1−4.4
Tunisia−3.7−2.7−1.0−2.0−2.6−4.5−2.9−4.3
CCA−1.9−1.80.33.21.69.9−0.44.1
Armenia−7.5−0.5−1.0−1.8−6.4−12.6−11.4−10.5
Azerbaijan−14.9−29.81.317.628.835.510.818.4
Georgia−7.3−6.7−10.9−15.1−19.6−22.6−16.4−16.7
Kazakhstan−1.30.8−1.8−2.5−7.85.3−6.41.1
Kyrgyz Republic−0.64.92.8−3.1−0.2−6.5−6.3−8.4
Tajikistan−3.1−3.9−2.7−2.8−11.2−8.8−9.7−8.3
Turkmenistan4.00.65.115.715.419.615.79.2
Uzbekistan3.07.27.79.17.313.67.76.8
Memorandum
GCC12.418.227.428.725.127.21.97.9
Maghreb8.58.916.120.216.717.8−0.11.6
Sources: Data provided by country authorities; and IMF staff estimates and projections.
Sources: Data provided by country authorities; and IMF staff estimates and projections.
Table 17.Gross Official Reserves(In billions of U.S. dollars)
AverageProj.
2000–04200420052006200720082009
MENAP191.3257.8312.4601.9844.51040.0993.9
Middle Eastern oil exporters124.0178.2228.4504.0730.4918.6875.2
Algeria25.843.156.277.8110.2143.1
Bahrain1.41.61.92.74.13.8
Iran21.733.346.860.582.984.9
Iraq6.17.912.020.031.550.2
Kuwait7.97.38.111.815.917.8
Libya16.825.939.359.278.3120.2
Oman3.13.64.45.06.49.8
Qatar2.03.44.65.49.810.0
Saudi Arabia121.827.526.8225.2305.3431.9
Sudan0.30.81.71.71.41.4
United Arab Emirates15.418.721.328.077.938.1
Yemen4.05.15.36.87.07.3
Middle Eastern oil importers61.879.684.097.9114.1121.5118.7
Afghanistan0.91.31.72.02.83.0
Djibouti0.10.10.10.10.10.2
Egypt14.614.819.323.028.433.8
Jordan3.74.84.76.26.97.7
Lebanon7.19.69.611.411.518.8
Mauritania0.00.00.10.20.20.2
Morocco10.616.316.120.224.022.0
Pakistan5.410.69.810.814.38.6
Syria22.718.118.217.217.918.1
Tunisia2.64.04.46.88.09.0
CCA8.016.717.437.247.057.254.0
Armenia0.40.50.71.11.71.4
Azerbaijan0.81.11.22.54.36.5
Georgia0.20.40.50.91.41.5
Kazakhstan4.49.37.119.117.619.4
Kyrgyz Republic0.30.50.60.81.21.2
Tajikistan0.10.10.10.10.10.2
Turkmenistan2.32.74.58.113.217.5
Uzbekistan1.52.12.94.77.59.5
Memorandum
GCC48.362.167.0278.1419.2511.4494.5
Maghreb44.089.4116.1164.2220.7294.6294.8
Sources: Data provided by country authorities; and IMF staff estimates and projections.

Saudi Arabia Monetary Agency gross foreign assets.

Sources: Data provided by country authorities; and IMF staff estimates and projections.

Saudi Arabia Monetary Agency gross foreign assets.

Table 18.Total Gross External Debt

(In percent of GDP)1

AverageProj.
2000-04200420052006200720082009
MENAP39.839.834.032.434.826.930.5
Middle Eastern oil exporters35.035.029.829.134.425.129.7
Algeria37.525.616.74.83.82.72.8
Bahrain48.951.143.353.4139.5158.0186.0
Iran10.514.313.210.49.47.06.0
Iraq476.2351.6201.0165.3105.2131.7
Kuwait26.320.420.426.023.516.925.5
Libya18.616.712.310.18.05.68.9
Oman25.017.812.215.017.217.220.8
Qatar68.647.348.152.466.459.964.4
Saudi Arabia12.29.49.410.818.816.221.2
Sudan140.9115.898.678.168.558.170.3
United Arab Emirates223.623.230.350.274.033.339.7
Yemen45.938.530.928.726.921.721.5
Middle Eastern oil importers53.251.845.842.136.232.632.3
Afghanistan14.014.2184.0155.020.818.810.1
Djibouti58.567.862.056.863.659.260.9
Egypt32.537.932.228.823.020.916.8
Jordan376.366.156.549.344.825.823.3
Lebanon158.8187.4185.5198.9194.1190.8182.1
Mauritania233.7210.8132.994.196.159.959.7
Morocco38.529.124.223.923.721.321.3
Pakistan41.634.031.128.026.926.531.9
Syria79.873.323.419.214.510.512.0
Tunisia467.269.162.359.657.451.149.8
CCA52.351.148.054.553.047.653.3
Armenia40.633.122.418.917.315.321.7
Azerbaijan519.718.512.59.48.16.510.2
Georgia50.141.732.730.030.735.642.6
Kazakhstan72.475.876.091.492.280.496.7
Kyrgyz Republic111.495.285.577.760.245.849.2
Tajikistan97.856.451.542.740.943.545.3
Turkmenistan22.39.05.43.32.42.72.3
Uzbekistan38.635.828.922.116.713.612.9
Memorandum
GCC20.917.719.026.138.727.434.9
Maghreb39.532.524.217.716.113.015.3
Sources: Data provided by country authorities; and IMF staff estimates and projections.

Nominal GDP is converted to U.S. dollars using period average exchange rate.

Net debt (gross external debt minus foreign assets) is significantly negative.

Excludes deposits of non-residents held in the banking system.

Includes bank deposits of non-residents.

Public and publicly guaranteed debt, as private debt data are not reliable.

Sources: Data provided by country authorities; and IMF staff estimates and projections.

Nominal GDP is converted to U.S. dollars using period average exchange rate.

Net debt (gross external debt minus foreign assets) is significantly negative.

Excludes deposits of non-residents held in the banking system.

Includes bank deposits of non-residents.

Public and publicly guaranteed debt, as private debt data are not reliable.

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