Front Matter

Front Matter

International Monetary Fund
Published Date:
January 1985
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© 1985 International Monetary Fund

Edited by Joslin Landell-Mills

Production and design by the Graphics Section of the IMF

International Standard Serial Number: ISSN 0251-6365

Price: US$7.50

(US$4.50 to university libraries, faculty members, and studients)

Address orders to:

External Relations Department, Attention Publications

International Monetary Fund, Washington, D.C. 20431


The following symbols have been used throughout this paper:

  • … to indicate that data are not available;
  • — to indicate that the figure is zero or less than half the final digit shown, or that the item does not exist;
  • between years or months (e.g., 1979-81 or January-June) to indicate the years or months covered, including the beginning and ending years or months;

“Billion” means a thousand million.

Minor discrepancies between constituent figures and totals are due to rounding.

Prefatory Note

This study was prepared in the Research Department of the International Monetary Fund. Its author, David Goldsbrough, is an economist in the Developing Country Studies Division of the Research Department. The paper has benefited from comments by other staff members and by members of the Executive Board of the Fund. However, the opinions expressed are those of the author and do not necessarily represent the views of other staff members or of Executive Directors.

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