Front Matter

Front Matter

Mohsin Khan, and Morris Goldstein
Published Date:
August 1982
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International Standard Serial Number: ISSN 0251-6365

Price: US$5.00 (US$3.00 to university faculty members, libraries, and students)

Address orders to: External Relations Department, Attention Publications International Monetary Fund, Washington, D.C. 20431


  • The following symbols have been used throughout this paper:
  • … to indicate that data are not available;
  • — to indicate that the figure is zero or less than half the final digit shown, or that the item does not exist;
  • – between years or months (e.g., 1979–81 or January-June) to indicate the years or months covered, including the beginning and ending years or months;
  • / between years (e.g., 1980/81) to indicate a crop or fiscal (financial) year.

“Billion” means a thousand million.

Minor discrepancies between constituent figures and totals are due to rounding.

Prefatory Note

This study was prepared in the Research Department of the International Monetary Fund. Its authors are Morris Goldstein and Mohsin S. Khan, Advisors in the Research Department. The authors are grateful to a number of colleagues in the Fund for helpful comments on an earlier draft of the study. A special measure of thanks is due to Andrew Feltenstein of the Fiscal Affairs Department for his very useful suggestions at an early stage on the overall design of the study. Views expressed in the study are the authors’ alone and do not necessarily represent the views of the Fund.

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