Information about Asia and the Pacific Asia y el Pacífico
Front Matter

Front Matter

Author(s):
Sumio Ishikawa, Sibel Beadle, Damien Eastman, Srobona Mitra, Alejandro Lopez Mejia, Wafa Abdelati, Koji Nakamura, Il Lee, Sònia Muñoz, Robert Hagemann, David Coe, and Nadia Rendak
Published Date:
February 2006
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Information about Asia and the Pacific Asia y el Pacífico
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© 2006 International Monetary Fund

Production: IMF Multimedia Services Division

Cover Design: Wendy Arnold

Page Design: Alicia Etchebarne-Bourdin

Cover Photo: M.L. Sinibaldi/CORBIS

Cataloging-in-Publication Data

Cambodia: rebuilding for a challenging future/David T. Coe … [et al.]—[Washington, D.C.: International Monetary Fund, 2006].

  • p. cm.

Includes bibliographical references.

ISBN 1-58906-444-5

1. Cambodia—Economic policy. 2. Cambodia—Economic conditions. 3. Cambodia—Economic conditions—Statistics. 4. Foreign exchange rates—Cambodia. 5. Poverty—Cambodia. 6. Fiscal policy—Cambodia. I. Coe, David T. II. International Monetary Fund.

HC442.C35 2006

Disclaimer: The views expressed in this work are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent those of the IMF or IMF policy. The IMF has not edited this publication. Some documents cited in this work may not be available publicly.

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Contents

The following symbols have been used throughout this publication:

  • … to indicate that data are not available;
  • — to indicate that the figure is zero or less than half the final digit shown, or that the item does not exist;
  • – between years or months (e.g., 2003–04 or January–June) to indicate the years or months covered, including the beginning and ending years or months;
  • / between years (e.g., 2003/04) to indicate a fiscal (financial) year.–
  • “n.a.” means not applicable.
  • “Billion” means a thousand million.

Minor discrepancies between constituent figures and totals are due to rounding.

The term “country,” as used in this publication, does not in all cases refer to a territorial entity that is a state as understood by international law and practice; the term also covers some territorial entities that are not states, but for which statistical data are maintained and provided internationally on a separate and independent basis.

Preface

The material presented in this Special Issues was originally prepared as background for discussion at the IMF Executive Board in September 2004. Assessments contained in some of the chapters have in some cases been overtaken by recent events, but the medium-term challenges remain the same. The authors are grateful to the Cambodian authorities for extensive discussions and for their assistance in providing data and other source material.

The background papers were prepared in 2003–04 under the general guidance of David T. Coe and Il Houng Lee of the Asia and Pacific Department and benefited from comments of department staff. Wafa Fahmi Abdelati coordinated production of the manuscript. The authors would like to thank Rupin Thomas for excellent research assistance, Nadine Dubost and Elizabeth Handal-Kocis for secretarial support, and Gail Berre, Esha Ray, Teresa Del Rosario, and Alicia Etchebarne-Bourdin of the External Relations Department for production of the publication.

The opinions expressed are solely those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the IMF, its Executive Directors, or the Cambodian authorities.

Abbreviations

ASEAN

Association of Southeast Asian Nations

ATC

Agreement on Textiles and Clothing

CPI

Consumer price index

CDC

Center for the Development of Cambodia

CR

Cambodian riel

CSES

Cambodia Socio-Economic Survey

EU

European Union

FCD

Foreign currency deposits

FCU

Foreign Currency Unit

FDI

Foreign direct investment

GATT

General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade

GDP

Gross domestic product

GIC

Gross incidence curve

GLS

Generalized least squares

GSP

Generalized System of Preferences

ICSID

International Center for Settlement of Investment Disputes

LDC

Least developed country

LIA

Low-income Asian country

LIC

Low-income country

LOI

Law on Investment

LOT

Law on Taxation

MBPI

Merit-based pay initiative

MEF

Ministry of Economy and Finance

MFA

Multifiber Agreement

MFN

Most favored nation

NBC

National Bank of Cambodia

NIEA

Newly industrialized and emerging economy

NIS

National Institute of Statistics

NPRS

National Poverty Reduction Strategy

NT

National Treasury

OLS

Ordinary least squares

PAP

Priority Action Program

PCB

Permanent Coordination Body

PFM

Public financial management

PFMRP

Public Financial Management Reform Program

PMU

Project Management Unit

PPP

Purchasing power parity

PRGF

Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility

RGC

Royal Government of Cambodia

RoO

Rules of origin

SCAC

Supreme Council Against Corruption

SCM

Supreme Council of Magistracy

SIC

Schwarz information criterion

SPS

Sanitary and Phytosanitary

TA

Tax administration

T&C

Textile and clothing

TBT

Technical Barriers to Trade

TCAP

Technical Cooperation Action Program

TRIM

Trade-Related Investment Measures

TRIPS

Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights

UN

United Nations

UNTAC

United Nations Transitional Authority in Cambodia

VAR

Vector auto regression

VAT

Value-added tax

WEO

World Economic Outlook

WTO

World Trade Organization

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