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The Lao People's Democratic Republic
			: Systemic Transformation and Adjustment

The Lao People's Democratic Republic : Systemic Transformation and Adjustment »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Ichiro Otani , and Chi Pham

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 May 1996

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557755605.084

ISBN: 9781557755605

Keywords: banking, exchange rate, foreign exchange, privatization, foreign investment

Faced with a steadily worsening economy, the government of the Lao Peoples Democratic Republic took its first steps toward reforming its centrally planned economy in December 1979. The reform process gathered momen...

Rebalancing Growth in Asia
			: Economic Dimensions for China

Rebalancing Growth in Asia : Economic Dimensions for China »

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: China Financial Economic Publishing House

Publication Date: 10 April 2013

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787509540114.071

ISBN: 9787509540114

Keywords: employment, private consumption, corporate governance, share of employment, export growth, mortgage, household income, household consumption, disposable income, investment spending

This is a Chinese translation of "Rebalancing Growth in Asia: Economic Dimensions for China."...

Singapore, Inc. Versus the Private Sector

Singapore, Inc. Versus the Private Sector »

Source: Singapore, Inc. Versus the Private Sector : Are Government-Linked Companies Different?

Volume/Issue: 2003/156

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ling Tan , and Carlos Ramírez

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2003

ISBN: 9781451857429

Keywords: investment spending, capital markets, capital stock, subsidiaries, private sector counterparts

Government-linked companies (GLCs) have a significant presence in Singapore's corporate sector. Unlike parastatals in many other countries, these companies are run on a competitive, commercial basis, ostensibly wit...

The Output Decline in Asian Crisis Countries

The Output Decline in Asian Crisis Countries »

Source: The Output Decline in Asian Crisis Countries : Investment Aspects

Volume/Issue: 2002/25

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Joshua Greene

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2002

ISBN: 9781451844276

Keywords: output decline, asian crisis, balance sheet, private capital, private capital flows, private investment, capital flows, capital inflows, Macroeconomics: Production, Macroeconomics: Consumption

This paper examines whether capital outflows may have contributed to output declines during the Asian Crisis by reducing the financing available for domestic investment. Panel data regressions suggest a positive, s...

I Introduction and Summary

I Introduction and Summary »

Source: The Lao People's Democratic Republic : Systemic Transformation and Adjustment

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Ichiro Otani , and Chi Pham

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 May 1996

ISBN: 9781557755605

Keywords: banking, exchange rate, foreign exchange, privatization, foreign investment

This paper assesses the experience of the Lao People's Democratic Republic (P.D.R.) 1 with systemic transformation during 1989—94; when the IMF provided financial support under th...

II Setting of Economic Reform

II Setting of Economic Reform »

Source: The Lao People's Democratic Republic : Systemic Transformation and Adjustment

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Ichiro Otani , and Chi Pham

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 May 1996

ISBN: 9781557755605

Keywords: banking, exchange rate, foreign exchange, privatization, foreign investment

The Country at a Glance The Lao P.D.R. is a landlocked, largely mountainous country in the center of the Indochina peninsula. Rugged terrain and elevations separate the country from...

III Recent Macroeconomic Performance and Structural Reforms

III Recent Macroeconomic Performance and Structural Reforms »

Source: The Lao People's Democratic Republic : Systemic Transformation and Adjustment

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Ichiro Otani , and Chi Pham

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 May 1996

ISBN: 9781557755605

Keywords: banking, exchange rate, foreign exchange, privatization, foreign investment

Against the background summarized in the previous subsection, the Government adopted a major medium-term adjustment program in 1989, followed by another in 1993. This section summarizes the main objectives a...

IV Monetary Policy and Financial Sector Reforms

IV Monetary Policy and Financial Sector Reforms »

Source: The Lao People's Democratic Republic : Systemic Transformation and Adjustment

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Ichiro Otani , and Chi Pham

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 May 1996

ISBN: 9781557755605

Keywords: banking, exchange rate, foreign exchange, privatization, foreign investment

Nominal anchors, in the form of either nominal exchange rates or predetermined rates of money growth, have proved to be useful in the process of disinflation in many developing countries or transition econom...

V Exchange Rate Policy and Trade Liberalization

V Exchange Rate Policy and Trade Liberalization »

Source: The Lao People's Democratic Republic : Systemic Transformation and Adjustment

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Ichiro Otani , and Chi Pham

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 May 1996

ISBN: 9781557755605

Keywords: banking, exchange rate, foreign exchange, privatization, foreign investment

Prior to 1985, when the Lao P.D.R, embarked on the new system of economic management, the exchange and trade regime was characterized by strong centralization. Trade operations were dominated by the state se...

VI Fiscal Adjustment

VI Fiscal Adjustment »

Source: The Lao People's Democratic Republic : Systemic Transformation and Adjustment

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Ichiro Otani , and Chi Pham

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 May 1996

ISBN: 9781557755605

Keywords: banking, exchange rate, foreign exchange, privatization, foreign investment

The systemic reform, which accelerated following the introduction of the NEM in 1985, has dramatically changed the importance and operation of the budgetary process in the Lao P.D.R. With the emergence of a...