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Fiscal Coverage in the Countries of the Middle East and Central Asia

Fiscal Coverage in the Countries of the Middle East and Central Asia »

Source: Fiscal Coverage in the Countries of the Middle East and Central Asia : Current Situation and a Way Forward

Volume/Issue: 2008/111

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Daria Zakharova

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2008

ISBN: 9781451869712

Keywords: Fiscal coverage, public enterprises, fiscal risks, fiscal statistics, fiscal policy, fiscal accounts, Structure, Scope, and Performance of Government,

This paper reviews some broad principles of fiscal coverage, building on cross-country experience. It discusses the level of coverage that would be appropriate to conduct good quality fiscal analysis, while strikin...

Front-Loaded or Back-Loaded Fiscal Adjustments

Front-Loaded or Back-Loaded Fiscal Adjustments »

Source: Front-Loaded or Back-Loaded Fiscal Adjustments : What Works in Emerging Market Economies?

Volume/Issue: 2004/157

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Sanjeev Gupta , Emanuele Baldacci , and Carlos Mulas-Granados

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2004

ISBN: 9781451857528

Keywords: fiscal consolidations, fiscal adjustments, fiscal sustainability, probability, statistics, Duration Analysis, Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents: General,

This paper investigates the political and economic determinants of successful fiscal adjustment in 25 emerging market economies from 1980 to 2001. The results show that large and back-loaded fiscal adjustments have...

Fiscal Policy and Financial Markets

Fiscal Policy and Financial Markets »

Source: Fiscal Policy and Financial Markets

Volume/Issue: 2006/16

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Bernardin Akitoby , and Thomas Stratmann

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2006

ISBN: 9781451862768

Keywords: spreads, bond, bonds, fiscal adjustment, fiscal adjustments, Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents: Other,

This paper introduces fiscal policy in a model of sovereign risk spreads ("spreads"). Using panel data from emerging market countries, we find that reductions in public expenditure are a more powerful tool for redu...

Middle East and Central Asia

Middle East and Central Asia »

Source: Middle East and Central Asia : A Survey of Gender Budgeting Efforts

Volume/Issue: 2016/151

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Lisa Kolovich , and Sakina Shibuya

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 July 2016

ISBN: 9781475519983

Keywords: Gender budgeting; fiscal policy and administration; gender inequality; Middle East and Central Asia

Gender budgeting uses fiscal policies to promote gender equality and women's advancement, but is struggling to take hold in the Middle East and Central Asia. We provide an overview of two gender budgeting efforts i...

Domestic Petroleum Price Smoothing in Developing and Transition Countries

Domestic Petroleum Price Smoothing in Developing and Transition Countries »

Source: Domestic Petroleum Price Smoothing in Developing and Transition Countries

Volume/Issue: 2001/75

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Benedict Bingham , James Daniel , and Giulio Federico

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2001

ISBN: 9781451849738

Keywords: petroleum prices, petroleum products, spot price, petroleum pricing, Fiscal and Monetary Policy in Development, Energy: Government Policy,

This paper examines the case for government-led smoothing of domestic petroleum prices in the face of volatile international prices. Governments in most developing and transition countries engage in petroleum price...

Assessing Fiscal Sustainability

Assessing Fiscal Sustainability »

Source: Assessing Fiscal Sustainability : A Cross-Country Comparison

Volume/Issue: 2003/145

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Enzo Croce , and V. Juan-Ramon

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2003

ISBN: 9781451856569

Keywords: convergence, fiscal rule, public debt, debt ratio, fiscal stance, National Government Expenditures and Related Policies, National Budget, Deficit, and Debt,

To monitor fiscal sustainability, this paper proposes a recursive algorithm derived from the law of motion of the debt-to-GDP ratio, subject to a government reaction function that links convergence to the targeted...

Subsidy Reforms and Poverty Alleviation

Subsidy Reforms and Poverty Alleviation »

Source: Subsidy Reforms and Poverty Alleviation

Volume/Issue: 2001/126

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Chandra Bhambhri , and Parkash Chander

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 September 2001

ISBN: 9781451854909

Keywords: subsidy, reforms, quality, deadweight loss, budgetary constraints, fiscal savings, fiscal balance, Consumer Economics: Theory, Publicly Provided Private Goods, Fiscal Policies And Behavior Of Economic Agents

This paper presents a general framework for characterizing the optimal pattern of subsidies for poverty alleviation under budgetary constraints and suggests possible reforms for the existing pattern of subsidies. T...

The Growth and Stabilization Properties of Fiscal Policy in Malaysia

The Growth and Stabilization Properties of Fiscal Policy in Malaysia »

Source: The Growth and Stabilization Properties of Fiscal Policy in Malaysia

Volume/Issue: 2013/149

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sohrab Rafiq

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 June 2013

ISBN: 9781484337912

Keywords: Stabilization, Multipliers, Time-variation, government spending, fiscal multipliers, fiscal stimulus, government spending shocks, Monetary Policy (Targets, Instruments, and Effects)

This paper examines the size of the fiscal multiplier values generated in Malaysia. The results show that a government spending shock leads to broad positive economic effects. Although, the effectiveness of fiscal...

The Cyclicality of Fiscal Policy in the Middle East and Central Asia

The Cyclicality of Fiscal Policy in the Middle East and Central Asia »

Source: The Cyclicality of Fiscal Policy in the Middle East and Central Asia : Is the Current Crisis Different?

Volume/Issue: 2010/68

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2010

ISBN: 9781451982121

Keywords: government spending, public debt, fiscal policy response, General Outlook and Conditions, Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents: General, National Government Expenditures and Related Policies: General, National Budget, Deficit, and Debt: General,

The countries of the Middle East and North Africa, and the Caucasus and Central Asia have the highest output volatility in the world. Fiscal policy is a powerful tool that can help dampen the business cycles. This...

Search in the Labor Market under Imperfectly Insurable Income Risk

Search in the Labor Market under Imperfectly Insurable Income Risk »

Source: Search in the Labor Market under Imperfectly Insurable Income Risk

Volume/Issue: 2009/188

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mauro Roca

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2009

ISBN: 9781451873351

Keywords: incomplete markets, heterogeneous agents, wage, unemployed, employment, Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy, Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents: Household, Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents: Firm, Unemployment: Models, Duration

This paper develops a general equilibrium model with unemployment and noncooperative wage determination to analyze the importance of incomplete markets when risk-averse agents are subject to idiosyncratic employmen...