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Dynamiccs of Asian Savings

Dynamiccs of Asian Savings »

Source: Dynamiccs of Asian Savings : Role of Growth and Age Structure

Volume/Issue: 1988/49

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 June 1988

ISBN: 9781451971545

Keywords: inflation, terms of trade, disposable income, private consumption, consumption function

This paper shows how growth and demography, two important determinants of the savings rate in the life-cycle approach, explain a large part of the diversity in savings behavior in Asia across eight countries as wel...

Demographic Change in Asia

Demographic Change in Asia »

Source: Demographic Change in Asia : The Impacton Optimal National Saving, Investment, and the Current Account

Volume/Issue: 2000/115

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ian McDonald , Serge Bésanger , and Ross Guest

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2000

ISBN: 9781451853858

Keywords: Current Account Balance, Investments, Aging, Demography, national saving, consumption demands, demographic projections, age group, older people

This paper calculates the levels of optimal national saving, investment, and the current account balance for five Asian economies—Hong Kong SAR, Japan, Singapore, Malaysia, and the Philippines—for the...

Food Prices and Political Instability

Food Prices and Political Instability »

Source: Food Prices and Political Instability

Volume/Issue: 2011/62

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rabah Arezki , and Markus Bruckner

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2011

ISBN: 9781455221066

Keywords: Conflict, Political Institutions, food price, food production, food insecurity, food consumption, Economic Systems: General, General,

We examine the effects that variations in the international food prices have on democracy and intra-state conflict using panel data for over 120 countries during the period 1970-2007. Our main finding is that in Lo...

Equilibrium Non-Oil Current Account Assessments for Oil Producing Countries

Equilibrium Non-Oil Current Account Assessments for Oil Producing Countries »

Source: Equilibrium Non-Oil Current Account Assessments for Oil Producing Countries

Volume/Issue: 2008/198

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alun Thomas , Jun Kim , and Aqib Aslam

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2008

ISBN: 9781451870565

Keywords: exchange rate assessment, oil-exporting countries, consumption smoothing, current account, current account balance, current accounts, current account deficit, current account deficits,

This paper introduces a methodology for assessing external balance in countries with large stocks of non-renewable resources based on oil stock data, and applies it to selected oil producing countries. The methodol...

Financial Integration and Rebalancing in Asia

Financial Integration and Rebalancing in Asia »

Source: Financial Integration and Rebalancing in Asia

Volume/Issue: 2011/243

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Olaf Unteroberdoerster , and Runchana Pongsaparn

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2011

ISBN: 9781463922641

Keywords: Financial Development, Rebalancing, portfolio investment, fdi, direct investment, portfolio investment assets, Macroeconomics: Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment and Investment: Other

The paper shows that Asia's degree of financial integration, both with the world and within the region remains low by various measures. The paper also provides empirical evidence that greater financial integration...

Distributional Implications of the VAT Reform in the Philippines

Distributional Implications of the VAT Reform in the Philippines »

Source: Distributional Implications of the VAT Reform in the Philippines

Volume/Issue: 2007/153

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): David Locke Newhouse , and Daria Zakharova

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2007

ISBN: 9781451867176

Keywords: VAT, poverty and social impact analysis, social safety net, targeted transfers, excise taxes, distributional impact, input-output, household consumption, household income, Vat Poverty And Social Impact Analysis,

This paper assesses the distributional impact of the recent VAT reform in the Philippines and evaluates alternative methods to mitigate the effects of the reform on poor households. The reform was progressive and r...

Real and Distributive Effects of Petroleum Price Liberalization

Real and Distributive Effects of Petroleum Price Liberalization »

Source: Real and Distributive Effects of Petroleum Price Liberalization : The Case of Indonesia

Volume/Issue: 2003/204

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Sanjeev Gupta , and Hong-Sang Jung

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2003

ISBN: 9781451874525

Keywords: Public expenditure, CGE, petroleum prices, subsidy, income groups, household consumption, household groups, Computable General Equilibrium Models, State and Local Taxation, Subsidies

The impact of higher petroleum prices on the aggregate price level, real growth, and income distribution is appraised within a multisector computable general equilibrium (CGE) model. A reduction in the government s...

Exchange-Rate Dark Matter

Exchange-Rate Dark Matter »

Source: Exchange-Rate Dark Matter

Volume/Issue: 2012/66

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Martin Evans

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2012

ISBN: 9781463938437

Keywords: Exchange Rate Dynamics, Open-Economy Macro Models, Habits, Incomplete Markets, risk, consumption, exchange-rate, exchange rates, depreciation, Macroeconomic Aspects Of International Trade And Finance

Dark matter accounts for 83 percent of the matter in the universe and plays a central role in cosmology modeling. This paper argues that an analogous form of dark matter plays a similarly important role in internat...

Cross-country Consumption Risk Sharing, a Long-run Perspective

Cross-country Consumption Risk Sharing, a Long-run Perspective »

Source: Cross-country Consumption Risk Sharing, a Long-run Perspective

Volume/Issue: 2010/64

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Zhaogang Qiao

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2010

ISBN: 9781451982084

Keywords: Consumption risk sharing, Intertemporal smoothing, Nonstationary panel analysis, Cointegration, risk sharing, equation, time series, statistic, Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics: General, International Economics: General,

This paper estimates an empirical nonstationary panel regression model that tests long-run consumption risk sharing across a sample of OECD and emerging market (EM) countries. This is in contrast to the existing li...

The Output Decline in Asian Crisis Countries

The Output Decline in Asian Crisis Countries »

Source: The Output Decline in Asian Crisis Countries : Investment Aspects

Volume/Issue: 2002/25

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Joshua Greene

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2002

ISBN: 9781451844276

Keywords: output decline, asian crisis, balance sheet, private capital, private capital flows, private investment, capital flows, capital inflows, Macroeconomics: Production, Macroeconomics: Consumption

This paper examines whether capital outflows may have contributed to output declines during the Asian Crisis by reducing the financing available for domestic investment. Panel data regressions suggest a positive, s...