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Fund-Supported Programs, Fiscal Policy, and Income Distribution

Fund-Supported Programs, Fiscal Policy, and Income Distribution »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1986

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9780939934645.084

ISBN: 9780939934645

Keywords: taxation, expenditure, salaries, subsidies, income distribution

This is the third in a group of three papers dealing with various aspects of Fund-supported adjustment programs....

Regional Economic Outlook, April 2011, Middle East and Central Asia

Regional Economic Outlook, April 2011, Middle East and Central Asia »

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 April 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781616350642.086

ISBN: 9781616350642

Keywords: oil importers, oil exporters, oil and gas, subsidies, oil prices

This issue of the Regional Economic Outlook: Middle East and Central Asia provides an in-depth look at the Middle East, North Africa, Afghanistan, and Pakistan (MENAP) region, as well as the Caucasus and Central As...

Public Expenditure Policy and the Environment

Public Expenditure Policy and the Environment »

Source: Public Expenditure Policy and the Environment : A Review and Synthesis

Volume/Issue: 1993/27

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Kenneth M. Miranda , Ian Parry , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1993

ISBN: 9781451844443

Keywords: Environment, Government expenditures, Subsidies, subsidy, environmental degradation, environmental policy

Commonly cited environmental instruments in the legal, regulatory, and fiscal domains are intended primarily to address market failures to ensure that environmental degradation and resource use is contained to appr...

Indonesia

Indonesia »

Source: Indonesia : Implementing National Policies in a Decentralized Context: Special Purpose Programs to Protect the Poor

Volume/Issue: 2000/102

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ehtisham Ahmad , and Luc Leruth

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2000

ISBN: 9781451852608

Keywords: fiscal decentralization, incentives, compensation, subsidy, safety net, compensation scheme

In the context of continuing adjustments in the economy, the Government of Indonesia proposes to bring energy prices closer to long run marginal cost, while adequately compensating the poor. We focus on the constra...

Real and Distributive Effects of Petroleum Price Liberalization

Real and Distributive Effects of Petroleum Price Liberalization »

Source: Real and Distributive Effects of Petroleum Price Liberalization : The Case of Indonesia

Volume/Issue: 2003/204

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Sanjeev Gupta , and Hong-Sang Jung

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2003

ISBN: 9781451874525

Keywords: Public expenditure, CGE, petroleum prices, subsidy, income groups, household consumption, household groups, Computable General Equilibrium Models, State and Local Taxation, Subsidies

The impact of higher petroleum prices on the aggregate price level, real growth, and income distribution is appraised within a multisector computable general equilibrium (CGE) model. A reduction in the government s...

Notification of Effectiveness of Partial Distribution of the General Reserve Attributed to Windfall Gold Sale Profits

Notification of Effectiveness of Partial Distribution of the General Reserve Attributed to Windfall Gold Sale Profits »

Source: Notification of Effectiveness of Partial Distribution of the General Reserve Attributed to Windfall Gold Sale Profits

Volume/Issue: 2012/091

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 October 2012

ISBN: 9781498339742

Keywords: Gold sales by Fund, Poverty Reduction and Growth Trust, Profits, Reserves, Poverty reduction, Gold sales, Subsidies, Investment, Special Drawing Rights, subsidy

On February 24, 2012, the Executive Board approved a partial distribution of the general reserve equivalent to SDR 700 million attributed to part of the gold sales windfall profits to all members in proportion to t...

Selected WTO Rules and Some Implications for Fund Policy Advice

Selected WTO Rules and Some Implications for Fund Policy Advice »

Source: Selected WTO Rules and Some Implications for Fund Policy Advice

Volume/Issue: 1996/23

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Thierry Buchs

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1996

ISBN: 9781451921113

Keywords: export subsidies, export performance, trade-related investment, trade-related investment measures, transition economies

The paper surveys six WTO agreements selected on the basis of their potential relevance for Fund-supported programs, namely Customs Valuation, Subsidies, Safeguards, Antidumping, Trade-Related Investment Measures,...

Tax Incentives in Cambodia

Tax Incentives in Cambodia »

Source: Tax Incentives in Cambodia

Volume/Issue: 2018/71

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Manuk Ghazanchyan , Alexander Klemm , and Yong Sarah Zhou

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 March 2018

ISBN: 9781484347522

Keywords: Asia and Pacific, Cambodia, Tax evasion, Tax incentives, Tax competition, Tax holidays, Business Taxes and Subsidies

Cambodia, like its regional peers, offers a number of tax incentives to investors. This paper reviews these incentives to assess their costs and benefits, including their likely effectiveness in attracting capital...

Appendix A. Estimating Pretax and Posttax Global Energy Subsidies

Appendix A. Estimating Pretax and Posttax Global Energy Subsidies »

Source: Energy Subsidy Reform : Lessons and Implications

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Stefania Fabrizio , Sanjeev Gupta , Trevor Alleyne , and Carlo Sdralevich

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 September 2013

ISBN: 9781475558111

Keywords: prices, electricity, pricing, electricity sector, electricity subsidies

This appendix describes the data sources and methodologies used for the estimation of subsidies for petroleum products, coal, natural gas, and electricity. Pretax Subsidies...

Appendix B. Assessing the Environmental and Health Impacts of Energy Subsidy Reform

Appendix B. Assessing the Environmental and Health Impacts of Energy Subsidy Reform »

Source: Energy Subsidy Reform : Lessons and Implications

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Stefania Fabrizio , Sanjeev Gupta , Trevor Alleyne , and Carlo Sdralevich

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 September 2013

ISBN: 9781475558111

Keywords: prices, electricity, pricing, electricity sector, electricity subsidies

This appendix describes the methodologies used to provide calculations of the impact of energy subsidy reform on CO2 emissions, SO2 emissions, and other local pollutants. Here we consider a scenario in which...