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Singapore's Unique Monetary Policy

Singapore's Unique Monetary Policy »

Source: Singapore's Unique Monetary Policy : How Does it Work?

Volume/Issue: 2004/10

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Eric Parrado

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2004

ISBN: 9781451842722

Keywords: exchange rate, monetary policy rules, monetary authority, monetary economics, Open Economy Macroeconomics,

The Monetary Authority of Singapore, instead of relying on short-term interest rates or monetary aggregates as its monetary policy instrument, conducts policy by managing the trade-weighted exchange rate index (TWI...

Fiscal Stimulus and Credibility in Emerging Countries

Fiscal Stimulus and Credibility in Emerging Countries »

Source: Fiscal Stimulus and Credibility in Emerging Countries

Volume/Issue: 2010/123

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Magda Kandil , and Hanan Morsy

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2010

ISBN: 9781455200825

Keywords: credibility, effectiveness, cyclicality, fiscal impulse, exchange rate, fiscal expansion, Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook: General, Open Economy Macroeconomics,

Across a sample of thirty four emerging countries, the evidence shows the frequent existence of a pro-cyclical fiscal impulse. However, the scope for countercyclical policy increases with the availability of intern...

Sovereign Wealth Funds: Aspects of Governance Structures and Investment Management

Sovereign Wealth Funds: Aspects of Governance Structures and Investment Management »

Source: Sovereign Wealth Funds : Aspects of Governance Structures and Investment Management

Volume/Issue: 2013/231

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Abdullah Al-Hassan , Michael Papaioannou , Martin Skancke , and Cheng Chih Sung

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 November 2013

ISBN: 9781475518610

Keywords: governance structure, investment management, macroeconomic coordination, investment strategy, investment strategies, Portfolio Choice,

This paper presents in a systematic (normative) manner the salient features of a SWF‘s governance structure, in relation to its objectives and investment management that can ensure its efficient operation an...

Real Exchange Rates In Developing Countries

Real Exchange Rates In Developing Countries »

Source: Real Exchange Rates In Developing Countries : Are Balassa-Samuelson Effects Present?

Volume/Issue: 2004/188

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mohsin Khan , and Ehsan Choudhri

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2004

ISBN: 9781451859591

Keywords: Balassa-Samuelson effects, exchange rate, real exchange rate, relative price, terms of trade, exchange rates, Open Economy Macroeconomics,

There is little empirical research on whether Balassa-Samuelson effects can explain the long-run behavior of real exchange rates in developing countries. This paper presents new evidence on this issue based on a pa...

Financial Inclusion in Asia-Pacific

Financial Inclusion in Asia-Pacific »

Source: Financial Inclusion in Asia-Pacific

Volume/Issue: 2018/17

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Elena Loukoianova , Yongzheng Yang , Si Guo , Leni Hunter , Sarwat Jahan , Fazurin Jamaludin , and Johanna Schauer

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 September 2018

ISBN: 9781484371015

Keywords: Financial inclusion, Financial institutions, Financial services industry, Poor, financial inclusion, macroeconomic policymaking, fintech, Asia, Asia Pacific, Pacific

Asia has made significant progress in financial inclusion, but both its across-country and intra-country disparities are among the highest in the world. The gaps between the rich and the poor, rural and urban popul...

External Finance, Sudden Stops, and Financial Crisis

External Finance, Sudden Stops, and Financial Crisis »

Source: External Finance, Sudden Stops, and Financial Crisis : What is Different This Time?

Volume/Issue: 2010/158

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): F. Gulcin Ozkan , and Filiz Unsal

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2010

ISBN: 9781455201419

Keywords: entrepreneurs, domestic economy, entrepreneur, open economy, domestic goods, And The Supply Of Money And Credit, international Finance, macroeconomic Aspects Of International Trade And Finance,

This paper develops a two-country DSGE model to investigate the transmission of a global financial crisis to a small open economy. We find that economies hit by a sudden stop arising from financial distress in the...

Setting Up a Sovereign Wealth Fund

Setting Up a Sovereign Wealth Fund »

Source: Setting Up a Sovereign Wealth Fund : Some Policy and Operational Considerations

Volume/Issue: 2009/179

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Christian Mulder , Amadou Sy , Yinqiu Lu , and Udaibir Das

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2009

ISBN: 9781451873269

Keywords: Sovereign wealth fund, SWF&;amp;#x2019;s policy objective, central bank, monetary fund, balance of payments, currency composition, external debt, Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook: General

This paper offers a policy and operational "roadmap" to policymakers considering setting up an SWF. It should also be of interest to policymakers in countries where SWFs are already in place, to review their existi...

An Investigation of Output Variance Before and During Inflation Targeting

An Investigation of Output Variance Before and During Inflation Targeting »

Source: An Investigation of Output Variance Before and During Inflation Targeting

Volume/Issue: 2001/215

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Francisco Nadal De Simone

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2001

ISBN: 9781451875041

Keywords: output variance, Markov-switching, inflation, reduction in inflation, inflation-targeting, Econometric Methods: - Multiple/simultaneous Equation Models, Central Banking, And The Supply Of Money And Credit, macroeconomic Aspects Of International Trade And Finance,

Since Taylor estimated a trade-off between inflation and output variance, it has been widely accepted that efforts to keep the inflation rate “too low and stable” will likely result in relatively larg...

Exchange Rate Pass-Through Over the Business Cycle in Singapore

Exchange Rate Pass-Through Over the Business Cycle in Singapore »

Source: Exchange Rate Pass-Through Over the Business Cycle in Singapore

Volume/Issue: 2011/141

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Siang Tan , Joey Chew , and Sam Ouliaris

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2011

ISBN: 9781455266425

Keywords: exchange rate, business cycle, consumer price index, output gap, monetary policy, Business Fluctuations, And Cycles, Central Banking, And The Supply Of Money And Credit, international Finance

This paper investigates exchange rate pass-through in Singapore using band-pass spectral regression techniques, allowing for asymmetric effects over the business cycle. First stage pass-through is estimated to be c...

A New Look at the Determinants of Growth in Asian Countries

A New Look at the Determinants of Growth in Asian Countries »

Source: A New Look at the Determinants of Growth in Asian Countries

Volume/Issue: 2015/195

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Manuk Ghazanchyan , Janet Stotsky , and Qianqian Zhang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 September 2015

ISBN: 9781513524535

Keywords: growth, exchange rate, exchange rate regime, economies, currency, General, Open Economy Macroeconomics, Economic Growth of Open Economies, General, Asia including Middle East,

This study examines the drivers of growth in Asian countries, with focus on the role of investment, the exchange rate regime, financial risk, and capital account openness. We use a panel data set of a sample of Asi...