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Rules, Discretion, and Macro-Prudential Policy*

Rules, Discretion, and Macro-Prudential Policy* »

Source: Rules, Discretion, and Macro-Prudential Policy

Volume/Issue: 2013/65

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Itai Agur , and Sunil Sharma

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 March 2013

ISBN: 9781475546699

Keywords: Macro-prudential policy, regulation, rules, decision makers, regulations, Government Policy and Regulation, Government Policy and Regulation,

The paper examines the implementation of macro-prudential policy. Given the coordination, flow of information, analysis, and communication required, macro-prudential frameworks will have weaknesses that make it har...

Government Securities Versus Central Bank Securities in Developing Open Market Operations

Government Securities Versus Central Bank Securities in Developing Open Market Operations »

Source: Government Securities Versus Central Bank Securities in Developing Open Market Operations : Evaluation and Need for Coordinating Arrangements

Volume/Issue: 1994/62

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Marc Quintyn

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1994

ISBN: 9781451848229

Keywords: central bank, monetary policy, government securities, debt management, monetary management

In an indirect monetary policy framework, open market operations become the central bank's main instrument. In the initial stages, when financial markets are still undeveloped, selection of a financial instrument f...

Public Expenditure Policy and the Environment

Public Expenditure Policy and the Environment »

Source: Public Expenditure Policy and the Environment : A Review and Synthesis

Volume/Issue: 1993/27

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Kenneth M. Miranda , Ian Parry , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1993

ISBN: 9781451844443

Keywords: Environment, Government expenditures, Subsidies, subsidy, environmental degradation, environmental policy

Commonly cited environmental instruments in the legal, regulatory, and fiscal domains are intended primarily to address market failures to ensure that environmental degradation and resource use is contained to appr...

Environmental Tax Reform

Environmental Tax Reform »

Source: Environmental Tax Reform : Principles from Theory and Practice to Date

Volume/Issue: 2012/180

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ian Parry , John Norregaard , and Dirk Heine

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2012

ISBN: 9781475505283

Keywords: design principles, externalities, fuel taxes, country evaluation, environmental tax, tax systems, tax reform, tax system, Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation: Government Policy, Energy: Government Policy,

This paper recommends a system of upstream taxes on fossil fuels, combined with refunds for downstream emissions capture, to reduce carbon and local pollution emissions. Motor fuel taxes should also account for con...

Domestic Petroleum Price Smoothing in Developing and Transition Countries

Domestic Petroleum Price Smoothing in Developing and Transition Countries »

Source: Domestic Petroleum Price Smoothing in Developing and Transition Countries

Volume/Issue: 2001/75

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Benedict Bingham , James Daniel , and Giulio Federico

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2001

ISBN: 9781451849738

Keywords: petroleum prices, petroleum products, spot price, petroleum pricing, Fiscal and Monetary Policy in Development, Energy: Government Policy,

This paper examines the case for government-led smoothing of domestic petroleum prices in the face of volatile international prices. Governments in most developing and transition countries engage in petroleum price...

An Overview of Islamic Finance1

An Overview of Islamic Finance1 »

Source: An Overview of Islamic Finance

Volume/Issue: 2015/120

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mumtaz Hussain , Asghar Shahmoradi , and Rima Turk

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 June 2015

ISBN: 9781513590745

Keywords: Sukuk, finance, Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy, Monetary Policy (Targets, Instruments, and Effects), Government Policy and Regulation,

Islamic finance has started to grow in international finance across the globe, with some concentration in few countries. Nearly 20 percent annual growth of Islamic finance in recent years seems to point to its resi...

Institutional Arrangements for Macroprudential Policy in Asia

Institutional Arrangements for Macroprudential Policy in Asia »

Source: Institutional Arrangements for Macroprudential Policy in Asia

Volume/Issue: 2013/165

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Cheng Lim , Rishi Ramchand , Helen Wagner , and Xiaoyong Wu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 July 2013

ISBN: 9781484338360

Keywords: institutional arrangements, macroprudential, regulation, financial system, deposit insurance, financial services, Government Policy and Regulation,

This paper surveys institutional arrangements for macroprudential policy in Asia. Central banks in Asia typically have a financial stability mandate, and play a key role in the macroprudential framework. Smaller an...

Transformation of Markets and Policy Instruments for Open Market Operations

Transformation of Markets and Policy Instruments for Open Market Operations »

Source: Transformation of Markets and Policy Instruments for Open Market Operations

Volume/Issue: 1995/146

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): S. Axilrod

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1995

ISBN: 9781451856590

Keywords: central bank, open market operations, monetary policy, government securities, money market

As developing countries and economies in transition have relied on deregulated, competitive markets to spur growth, their central banks have shifted toward using open market operations as a tool of monetary policy....

Wholesale Bank Funding, Capital Requirements and Credit Rationing1

Wholesale Bank Funding, Capital Requirements and Credit Rationing1 »

Source: Wholesale Bank Funding, Capital Requirements and Credit Rationing

Volume/Issue: 2013/30

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Itai Agur

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 January 2013

ISBN: 9781475571622

Keywords: Rationing, wholesale finance, unsecured, collateral, bank funding, deposit insurance, bank risk, collateralization, Government Policy and Regulation,

This paper analyzes how different types of bank funding affect the extent to which banks ration credit to borrowers, and the impact that capital requirements have on that rationing. Using an extension of the standa...

The Cyclicality of Fiscal Policy in the Middle East and Central Asia

The Cyclicality of Fiscal Policy in the Middle East and Central Asia »

Source: The Cyclicality of Fiscal Policy in the Middle East and Central Asia : Is the Current Crisis Different?

Volume/Issue: 2010/68

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2010

ISBN: 9781451982121

Keywords: government spending, public debt, fiscal policy response, General Outlook and Conditions, Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents: General, National Government Expenditures and Related Policies: General, National Budget, Deficit, and Debt: General,

The countries of the Middle East and North Africa, and the Caucasus and Central Asia have the highest output volatility in the world. Fiscal policy is a powerful tool that can help dampen the business cycles. This...