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Commodity Prices

Commodity Prices »

Source: Commodity Prices : Cyclical Weakness or Secular Decline?

Volume/Issue: 1994/7

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Peter Wickham , and Carmen Reinhart

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1994

ISBN: 9781451842371

Keywords: commodity prices, export earnings, hedging, terms of trade, commodity agreements

Primary commodities still account for the bulk of exports in many developing countries. However, real commodity prices have been declining almost continuously since the early 1980s and there is evidence of renewed...

Agricultural Trade and Protection in Asia1/

Agricultural Trade and Protection in Asia1/ »

Source: Agricultural Trade and Protection in Asia

Volume/Issue: 1988/63

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 July 1988

ISBN: 9781451963403

Keywords: agricultural trade, average tariff, quantitative restrictions, agricultural commodities, tariff levels

The study reveals agricultural import restrictions are widely applied in Asia, but that Japan and Korea impose lower average tariffs and nontariff barriers with less frequency than most Asian countries. It also fin...

INDOMOD A Simulation Model of the Indonesian Economy

INDOMOD A Simulation Model of the Indonesian Economy »

Source: INDOMOD A Simulation Model of the Indonesian Economy

Volume/Issue: 1989/75

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 September 1989

ISBN: 9781451957310

Keywords: value of exports, commodity exports, export prices, manufactured exports, oil exports

This paper presents a small macro simulation model of the Indonesian economy The model was constructed to assess the effects of alternative policies as well as changes in the external environment on the Indonesian...

El Nino and World Primary Commodity Prices

El Nino and World Primary Commodity Prices »

Source: El Nino and World Primary Commodity Prices : Warm Water or Hot Air?

Volume/Issue: 2000/203

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Allan Brunner

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2000

ISBN: 9781451874440

Keywords: ENSO, El Ni&;amp;#x00F1;o, primary commodity prices, inflation rate, aggregate demand, price inflation

This paper examines the historical effects of the El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) cycle on world prices and economic activity. The analysis indicates that ENSO has economically-important and statisticall...

Export Quality in Developing Countries

Export Quality in Developing Countries »

Source: Export Quality in Developing Countries

Volume/Issue: 2013/108

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Christian Henn , Chris Papageorgiou , and Nicola Spatafora

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 May 2013

ISBN: 9781484351635

Keywords: Product Quality, Upgrading, export quality, exporter, exporters, commodity exporters, Country and Industry Studies of Trade, Information and Product Quality,

This paper develops new, far more extensive estimates of export quality, covering 178 countries and hundreds of products over 1962–2010. Quality upgrading is particularly rapid during the early stages of dev...

Reviving the Competitive Storage Model

Reviving the Competitive Storage Model »

Source: Reviving the Competitive Storage Model : A Holistic Approach to Food Commodity Prices

Volume/Issue: 2011/64

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Norbert Funke , Weifeng Wu , and Yanliang Miao

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2011

ISBN: 9781455228065

Keywords: Food commodity prices, Competitive storage model, Rational expectation equilibrium, real interest rate, price elasticity, kurtosis, skewness, real interest rates, Computational Techniques,

We revive in this paper the empirical relevance of the competitive storage model by taking a holistic approach to food commodity prices. We augment the seminal Deaton and Laroque (1992, 1996) model by incorporating...

Food Prices and the Multiplier Effect of Trade Policy*

Food Prices and the Multiplier Effect of Trade Policy* »

Source: Food Prices and the Multiplier Effect of Trade Policy

Volume/Issue: 2014/182

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Paolo Giordani , Nadia Rocha , and Michele Ruta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 September 2014

ISBN: 9781498320382

Keywords: Loss aversion, Multiplier effect, Food crisis, domestic price, world price, global trade, import tariff, import subsidy, International Relations and International Political Economy: Other, Global Commodity Crises

This paper studies the relationship between trade policy and food prices. We show that, when individuals are loss averse, governments may use trade policy to shield the domestic economy from large food price shocks...

Commodity Prices
			: Cyclical Weakness or Secular Decline?

Commodity Prices : Cyclical Weakness or Secular Decline? »

Volume/Issue: 1994/7

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Peter Wickham , and Carmen Reinhart

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1994

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451842371.001

ISBN: 9781451842371

Keywords: commodity prices, export earnings, hedging, terms of trade, commodity agreements

Primary commodities still account for the bulk of exports in many developing countries. However, real commodity prices have been declining almost continuously since the early 1980s and there is evidence of renewed...

Agricultural Trade and Protection in Asia

Agricultural Trade and Protection in Asia »

Volume/Issue: 1988/63

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 July 1988

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451963403.001

ISBN: 9781451963403

Keywords: agricultural trade, average tariff, quantitative restrictions, agricultural commodities, tariff levels

The study reveals agricultural import restrictions are widely applied in Asia, but that Japan and Korea impose lower average tariffs and nontariff barriers with less frequency than most Asian countries. It also fin...

INDOMOD A Simulation Model of the Indonesian Economy

INDOMOD A Simulation Model of the Indonesian Economy »

Volume/Issue: 1989/75

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 September 1989

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451957310.001

ISBN: 9781451957310

Keywords: value of exports, commodity exports, export prices, manufactured exports, oil exports

This paper presents a small macro simulation model of the Indonesian economy The model was constructed to assess the effects of alternative policies as well as changes in the external environment on the Indonesian...