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World Economic Outlook, April 2017

Gaining Momentum?

The latest report shows that global economic activity is finally picking up, but structural impediments and a balance of risks tilted to the downside remain.

International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2017

Promoting Inclusive Growth

How to get global growth going again through trade, productivity, reducing inequality, and promoting women's economic empowerment.

Regional Economic Outlook, April 2010
			: Asia and Pacific: Leading the Global Recovery, Rebalancing for the Medium Term

Regional Economic Outlook, April 2010 : Asia and Pacific: Leading the Global Recovery, Rebalancing for the Medium Term »

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 April 2010

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589069909.086

ISBN: 9781589069909

Keywords: capital inflows, domestic demand, inflation, monetary policy, commodity prices, cost of capital, capital inflow, capital goods, net capital, excess liquidity

One year after the deepest recession in recent history, Asia is leading the global recovery. The Regional Economic Outlook: Asia and Pacific discusses the near-term outlook for the region, as well as the medium-ter...

International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2017
			: Promoting Inclusive Growth

International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2017 : Promoting Inclusive Growth »

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 October 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475563252.011

ISBN: 9781475563252

Keywords: Poverty and inequality, Income inequality, Productivity, Debt management, Commodities, Energy, Gender, IMF, annual report, IMF activities

During the past financial year, the IMF's 189 member countries faced a number of pressing challenges. IMF work on these challenges - slower trade, declining productivity, gender inequality, inclusive growth, and de...

Commodity Prices

Commodity Prices »

Source: Commodity Prices : Cyclical Weakness or Secular Decline?

Volume/Issue: 1994/7

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Peter Wickham , and Carmen Reinhart

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1994

ISBN: 9781451842371

Keywords: commodity prices, export earnings, hedging, terms of trade, commodity agreements

Primary commodities still account for the bulk of exports in many developing countries. However, real commodity prices have been declining almost continuously since the early 1980s and there is evidence of renewed...

Agricultural Trade and Protection in Asia1/

Agricultural Trade and Protection in Asia1/ »

Source: Agricultural Trade and Protection in Asia

Volume/Issue: 1988/63

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 July 1988

ISBN: 9781451963403

Keywords: agricultural trade, average tariff, quantitative restrictions, agricultural commodities, tariff levels

The study reveals agricultural import restrictions are widely applied in Asia, but that Japan and Korea impose lower average tariffs and nontariff barriers with less frequency than most Asian countries. It also fin...

How to Adjust to a Large Fall in Commodity Prices

How to Adjust to a Large Fall in Commodity Prices »

Source: How to Adjust to a Large Fall in Commodity Prices

Volume: 16

Series: Fiscal Affairs Department How-To Notes

Author(s): Paulo Medas , Veronique Salins , and Jeff Danforth

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 September 2016

ISBN: 9781475536065

Keywords: Asia and Pacific, Canada, Chile, Commodity prices, Malaysia, Natural resources, Nigeria, Sub-Saharan Africa, Western Hemisphere, Commodity boom

Resource-rich countries have to manage highly volatile commodity revenues. In periods of revenue booms there is a tendency for large spending scale-ups. When facing large and persistent reductions in commodity pric...

INDOMOD A Simulation Model of the Indonesian Economy

INDOMOD A Simulation Model of the Indonesian Economy »

Source: INDOMOD A Simulation Model of the Indonesian Economy

Volume/Issue: 1989/75

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 September 1989

ISBN: 9781451957310

Keywords: value of exports, commodity exports, export prices, manufactured exports, oil exports

This paper presents a small macro simulation model of the Indonesian economy The model was constructed to assess the effects of alternative policies as well as changes in the external environment on the Indonesian...

Export Quality in Developing Countries

Export Quality in Developing Countries »

Source: Export Quality in Developing Countries

Volume/Issue: 2013/108

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Christian Henn , Chris Papageorgiou , and Nicola Spatafora

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 May 2013

ISBN: 9781484351635

Keywords: Product Quality, Upgrading, export quality, exporter, exporters, commodity exporters, Country and Industry Studies of Trade, Information and Product Quality,

This paper develops new, far more extensive estimates of export quality, covering 178 countries and hundreds of products over 1962–2010. Quality upgrading is particularly rapid during the early stages of dev...

Food Prices and the Multiplier Effect of Trade Policy*

Food Prices and the Multiplier Effect of Trade Policy* »

Source: Food Prices and the Multiplier Effect of Trade Policy

Volume/Issue: 2014/182

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Paolo Giordani , Nadia Rocha , and Michele Ruta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 September 2014

ISBN: 9781498320382

Keywords: Loss aversion, Multiplier effect, Food crisis, domestic price, world price, global trade, import tariff, import subsidy, International Relations and International Political Economy: Other, Global Commodity Crises

This paper studies the relationship between trade policy and food prices. We show that, when individuals are loss averse, governments may use trade policy to shield the domestic economy from large food price shocks...

Economic Surveillance

Economic Surveillance »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2017 : Promoting Inclusive Growth

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 October 2017

ISBN: 9781475563252

Keywords: Poverty and inequality, Income inequality, Productivity, Debt management, Commodities, Energy, Gender, IMF, annual report, IMF activities

Surveillance is a catch-all term encompassing the process through which the IMF oversees the international monetary system and global economic developments and monitors the economic and financial policies of...

Regional Highlights

Regional Highlights »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2017 : Promoting Inclusive Growth

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 October 2017

ISBN: 9781475563252

Keywords: Poverty and inequality, Income inequality, Productivity, Debt management, Commodities, Energy, Gender, IMF, annual report, IMF activities

Sub-Saharan Africa: China’s Economic Shifts Hit Sub-Saharan African Exporters...