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Public Expenditure Policy and the Environment

Public Expenditure Policy and the Environment »

Source: Public Expenditure Policy and the Environment : A Review and Synthesis

Volume/Issue: 1993/27

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Kenneth M. Miranda , Ian Parry , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1993

ISBN: 9781451844443

Keywords: Environment, Government expenditures, Subsidies, subsidy, environmental degradation, environmental policy

Commonly cited environmental instruments in the legal, regulatory, and fiscal domains are intended primarily to address market failures to ensure that environmental degradation and resource use is contained to appr...

Intergovernmental Grants Systems and Management

Intergovernmental Grants Systems and Management »

Source: Intergovernmental Grants Systems and Management : Applications of a General Framework to Indonesia

Volume/Issue: 2002/128

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Bob Searle , Jun Ma , Stefano Piperno , and Ehtisham Ahmad

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2002

ISBN: 9781451855067

Keywords: Fiscal decentralization, Fiscal policy, Indonesia, Equalization Grants, expenditure, expenditure needs, expenditures, total expenditure, tax bases, State And Local Government

Intergovernmental equalization grants have been described as 'the glue that holds a nation together.' Getting the grants system right is critical to countries as they decentralize. This paper illustrates general pr...

The Cyclicality of Fiscal Policy in the Middle East and Central Asia

The Cyclicality of Fiscal Policy in the Middle East and Central Asia »

Source: The Cyclicality of Fiscal Policy in the Middle East and Central Asia : Is the Current Crisis Different?

Volume/Issue: 2010/68

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2010

ISBN: 9781451982121

Keywords: government spending, public debt, fiscal policy response, General Outlook and Conditions, Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents: General, National Government Expenditures and Related Policies: General, National Budget, Deficit, and Debt: General,

The countries of the Middle East and North Africa, and the Caucasus and Central Asia have the highest output volatility in the world. Fiscal policy is a powerful tool that can help dampen the business cycles. This...

Increasing Public Sector Revenue in the Philippines

Increasing Public Sector Revenue in the Philippines »

Source: Increasing Public Sector Revenue in the Philippines : Equity and Efficiency Considerations

Volume/Issue: 2005/22

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Kevin Fletcher

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2005

ISBN: 9781451860412

Keywords: revenue, incidence, VAT, tax incentives, tax administration, tax system, tax rates, tax revenue, Subsidies and Revenue, National Government Expenditures and Related Policies

Public sector revenue has declined markedly in the Philippines over the past seven years. Most observers of the Philippine economy agree that rebuilding public sector revenue will be critical to reducing deficits a...

Subsidy Reforms and Poverty Alleviation

Subsidy Reforms and Poverty Alleviation »

Source: Subsidy Reforms and Poverty Alleviation

Volume/Issue: 2001/126

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Chandra Bhambhri , and Parkash Chander

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 September 2001

ISBN: 9781451854909

Keywords: subsidy, reforms, quality, deadweight loss, budgetary constraints, fiscal savings, fiscal balance, Consumer Economics: Theory, Publicly Provided Private Goods, Fiscal Policies And Behavior Of Economic Agents

This paper presents a general framework for characterizing the optimal pattern of subsidies for poverty alleviation under budgetary constraints and suggests possible reforms for the existing pattern of subsidies. T...

Public Expenditure Policy and the Environment
			: A Review and Synthesis

Public Expenditure Policy and the Environment : A Review and Synthesis »

Volume/Issue: 1993/27

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Kenneth M. Miranda , Ian Parry , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1993

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451844443.001

ISBN: 9781451844443

Keywords: Environment, Government expenditures, Subsidies, subsidy, environmental degradation, environmental policy

Commonly cited environmental instruments in the legal, regulatory, and fiscal domains are intended primarily to address market failures to ensure that environmental degradation and resource use is contained to appr...

Intergovernmental Grants Systems and Management
			: Applications of a General Framework to Indonesia

Intergovernmental Grants Systems and Management : Applications of a General Framework to Indonesia »

Volume/Issue: 2002/128

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Bob Searle , Jun Ma , Stefano Piperno , and Ehtisham Ahmad

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2002

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451855067.001

ISBN: 9781451855067

Keywords: Fiscal decentralization, Fiscal policy, Indonesia, Equalization Grants, expenditure, expenditure needs, expenditures, total expenditure, tax bases, State And Local Government

Intergovernmental equalization grants have been described as 'the glue that holds a nation together.' Getting the grants system right is critical to countries as they decentralize. This paper illustrates general pr...

The Cyclicality of Fiscal Policy in the Middle East and Central Asia
			: Is the Current Crisis Different?

The Cyclicality of Fiscal Policy in the Middle East and Central Asia : Is the Current Crisis Different? »

Volume/Issue: 2010/68

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451982121.001

ISBN: 9781451982121

Keywords: government spending, public debt, fiscal policy response, General Outlook and Conditions, Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents: General, National Government Expenditures and Related Policies: General, National Budget, Deficit, and Debt: General,

The countries of the Middle East and North Africa, and the Caucasus and Central Asia have the highest output volatility in the world. Fiscal policy is a powerful tool that can help dampen the business cycles. This...

Increasing Public Sector Revenue in the Philippines
			: Equity and Efficiency Considerations

Increasing Public Sector Revenue in the Philippines : Equity and Efficiency Considerations »

Volume/Issue: 2005/22

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Kevin Fletcher

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451860412.001

ISBN: 9781451860412

Keywords: revenue, incidence, VAT, tax incentives, tax administration, tax system, tax rates, tax revenue, Subsidies and Revenue, National Government Expenditures and Related Policies

Public sector revenue has declined markedly in the Philippines over the past seven years. Most observers of the Philippine economy agree that rebuilding public sector revenue will be critical to reducing deficits a...

Subsidy Reforms and Poverty Alleviation

Subsidy Reforms and Poverty Alleviation »

Volume/Issue: 2001/126

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Chandra Bhambhri , and Parkash Chander

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 September 2001

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451854909.001

ISBN: 9781451854909

Keywords: subsidy, reforms, quality, deadweight loss, budgetary constraints, fiscal savings, fiscal balance, Consumer Economics: Theory, Publicly Provided Private Goods, Fiscal Policies And Behavior Of Economic Agents

This paper presents a general framework for characterizing the optimal pattern of subsidies for poverty alleviation under budgetary constraints and suggests possible reforms for the existing pattern of subsidies. T...