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World Economic Outlook, October 2018

Challenges to Steady Growth

Global growth for 2018-19 is projected to remain steady at its 2017 level, but its pace is less vigorous than projected in April and has become less balanced.

World Economic Outlook, October 2018

Challenges to Steady Growth

Global growth for 2018-19 is projected to remain steady at its 2017 level, but its pace is less vigorous than projected in April and has become less balanced.

Distributional Implications of the VAT Reform in the Philippines

Distributional Implications of the VAT Reform in the Philippines »

Volume/Issue: 2007/153

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): David Locke Newhouse , and Daria Zakharova

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451867176.001

ISBN: 9781451867176

Keywords: VAT, poverty and social impact analysis, social safety net, targeted transfers, excise taxes, distributional impact, input-output, household consumption, household income, Vat Poverty And Social Impact Analysis,

This paper assesses the distributional impact of the recent VAT reform in the Philippines and evaluates alternative methods to mitigate the effects of the reform on poor households. The reform was progressive and r...

The Growth and Stabilization Properties of Fiscal Policy in Malaysia

The Growth and Stabilization Properties of Fiscal Policy in Malaysia »

Volume/Issue: 2013/149

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sohrab Rafiq

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 June 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484337912.001

ISBN: 9781484337912

Keywords: Stabilization, Multipliers, Time-variation, government spending, fiscal multipliers, fiscal stimulus, government spending shocks, Monetary Policy (Targets, Instruments, and Effects)

This paper examines the size of the fiscal multiplier values generated in Malaysia. The results show that a government spending shock leads to broad positive economic effects. Although, the effectiveness of fiscal...

Can Islamic Banking Increase Financial Inclusion?

Can Islamic Banking Increase Financial Inclusion? »

Volume/Issue: 2015/31

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sami Ben Naceur , Adolfo Barajas , and Alexander Massara

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 February 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498370813.001

ISBN: 9781498370813

Keywords: financial inclusion, Financial Possibility Frontier, bank, banking, banks, credit, Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy, Monetary Policy (Targets, Instruments, and Effects)

The paper analyses existing country-level information on the relationship between the development of Islamic banking and financial inclusion. In Muslim countries-members of the Organization for Islamic Cooperation...

Non-Linear Exchange Rate Pass-Through in Emerging Markets

Non-Linear Exchange Rate Pass-Through in Emerging Markets »

Volume/Issue: 2016/1

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Francesca Caselli , and Agustin Roitman

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 January 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513578262.001

ISBN: 9781513578262

Keywords: Non-Linearities, exchange rate, depreciation, inflation targeting, exchange rate movements, Models with Panel Data, General, All Countries,, Exchange rate pass-through, Foreign exchange

This paper estimates exchange rate pass-through to consumer prices in emerging markets focusing on non-linearities and asymmetries. We document non-linearities and asymmetries in the transmission of exchange rate f...

Cost-Benefit Analysis of Leaning Against the Wind

Cost-Benefit Analysis of Leaning Against the Wind »

Volume/Issue: 2016/3

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Lars Svensson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 January 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498314787.001

ISBN: 9781498314787

Keywords: macroprudential policy, unemployment, unemployment rate, debt, marginal cost, benchmark, Monetary Policy (Targets, Instruments, and Effects), All Countries

“Leaning against the wind” (LAW) with a higher monetary policy interest rate may have benefits in terms of lower real debt growth and associated lower probability of a financial crisis but has costs in terms of hig...

Robust Measures of Core Inflation for Vietnam

Robust Measures of Core Inflation for Vietnam »

Volume/Issue: 2016/19

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sanjay Kalra , and Bui Thi Trang Dzung

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 February 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475521368.001

ISBN: 9781475521368

Keywords: Core inflation, Monetary Policy, inflation, price changes, properties, state bank, interest, Estimation, Monetary Policy (Targets, Instruments

The paper develops robust measures of core inflation for Vietnam that can be used in policy making. These core inflation measures (CIMs) are based on an analytical evaluation of the inflation process in Vietnam, an...

The Effectiveness of Monetary Policy Transmission Under Capital Inflows
			: Evidence from Asia

The Effectiveness of Monetary Policy Transmission Under Capital Inflows : Evidence from Asia »

Volume/Issue: 2012/265

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sonali Jain-Chandra , and Filiz Unsal

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 November 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475525823.001

ISBN: 9781475525823

Keywords: Monetary policy transmission, dynamic factor model, structural VAR, long-term interest rates, bond yields, Monetary Policy (Targets, Instruments, and Effects), Open Economy Macroeconomics,

The effectiveness of the monetary policy transmission mechanism in open economies could be impaired if interest rates are driven primarily by global factors, especially during periods of large capital inflows. The...

When China Sneezes Does ASEAN Catch a Cold?

When China Sneezes Does ASEAN Catch a Cold? »

Volume/Issue: 2016/214

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sohrab Rafiq

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 November 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475552607.001

ISBN: 9781475552607

Keywords: Cambodia, Cambodia, China, Cross country analysis, Association of Southeast Asian Nations, Emerging markets, Economic integration, Economic growth, Philippines, Indonesia

This paper looks at the effects of a China slowdown on Emerging Market Economies (Indonesia, Malaysia, and Thailand) and Frontier Developing Economies (Cambodia, Lao P.D.R., and Vietnam) in ASEAN. The main finding...

An Investigation of Output Variance Before and During Inflation Targeting

An Investigation of Output Variance Before and During Inflation Targeting »

Volume/Issue: 2001/215

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Francisco Nadal De Simone

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2001

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451875041.001

ISBN: 9781451875041

Keywords: output variance, Markov-switching, inflation, reduction in inflation, inflation-targeting, Econometric Methods: - Multiple/simultaneous Equation Models, Central Banking, And The Supply Of Money And Credit, macroeconomic Aspects Of International Trade And Finance,

Since Taylor estimated a trade-off between inflation and output variance, it has been widely accepted that efforts to keep the inflation rate “too low and stable” will likely result in relatively larg...

Islamic Finance
			: Opportunities, Challenges, and Policy Options

Islamic Finance : Opportunities, Challenges, and Policy Options »

Volume/Issue: 2015/5

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Alfred Kammer , Mohamed Norat , Marco Pinon , Ananthakrishnan Prasad , Christopher Towe , and Zeine Zeidane

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 April 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498325035.006

ISBN: 9781498325035

Keywords: Islamic finance, Islamic banking, participation finance, financial regulations, Sukuk markets, infrastructure finance, financial inclusion, monetary policy, macroprudential policy, tax policy

The SDN discusses the main policy issues and challenges in building an inclusive and safe Islamic finance industry, with emphasis on Islamic banking and Sukuk markets. To this end, it discuses why Islamic finance m...