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World Economic Outlook, April 2017

Gaining Momentum?

The latest report shows that global economic activity is finally picking up, but structural impediments and a balance of risks tilted to the downside remain.

International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2017

Promoting Inclusive Growth

How to get global growth going again through trade, productivity, reducing inequality, and promoting women's economic empowerment.

Back Matter

Back Matter »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2017 : Promoting Inclusive Growth

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 October 2017

ISBN: 9781475563252

Keywords: Poverty and inequality, Income inequality, Productivity, Debt management, Commodities, Energy, Gender, IMF, annual report, IMF activities

During the past financial year, the IMF's 189 member countries faced a number of pressing challenges. IMF work on these challenges - slower trade, declining productivity, gender inequality, inclusive growth, and de...

Indonesia
			: 2015 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Indonesia

Indonesia : 2015 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Indonesia »

Volume/Issue: 2016/81

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513583624.002

ISBN: 9781513583624

Keywords: market, monetary fund, commodity price, investment

This paper discusses key issues related to the Indonesian economy. Indonesia has weathered challenging economic conditions well. The economy has safely navigated the commodity price shocks, tightening financial con...

How to Adjust to a Large Fall in Commodity Prices

How to Adjust to a Large Fall in Commodity Prices »

Volume: 16

Series: Fiscal Affairs Department How-To Notes

Author(s): Paulo Medas , Veronique Salins , and Jeff Danforth

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 September 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475536065.061

ISBN: 9781475536065

Keywords: Asia and Pacific, Canada, Chile, Commodity prices, Malaysia, Natural resources, Nigeria, Sub-Saharan Africa, Western Hemisphere, Commodity boom

Resource-rich countries have to manage highly volatile commodity revenues. In periods of revenue booms there is a tendency for large spending scale-ups. When facing large and persistent reductions in commodity pric...

Agricultural Trade and Protection in Asia

Agricultural Trade and Protection in Asia »

Volume/Issue: 1988/63

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 July 1988

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451963403.001

ISBN: 9781451963403

Keywords: agricultural trade, average tariff, quantitative restrictions, agricultural commodities, tariff levels

The study reveals agricultural import restrictions are widely applied in Asia, but that Japan and Korea impose lower average tariffs and nontariff barriers with less frequency than most Asian countries. It also fin...

INDOMOD A Simulation Model of the Indonesian Economy

INDOMOD A Simulation Model of the Indonesian Economy »

Volume/Issue: 1989/75

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 September 1989

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451957310.001

ISBN: 9781451957310

Keywords: value of exports, commodity exports, export prices, manufactured exports, oil exports

This paper presents a small macro simulation model of the Indonesian economy The model was constructed to assess the effects of alternative policies as well as changes in the external environment on the Indonesian...

Export Quality in Developing Countries

Export Quality in Developing Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2013/108

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Christian Henn , Chris Papageorgiou , and Nicola Spatafora

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 May 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484351635.001

ISBN: 9781484351635

Keywords: Product Quality, Upgrading, export quality, exporter, exporters, commodity exporters, Country and Industry Studies of Trade, Information and Product Quality,

This paper develops new, far more extensive estimates of export quality, covering 178 countries and hundreds of products over 1962–2010. Quality upgrading is particularly rapid during the early stages of dev...

El Nino and World Primary Commodity Prices
			: Warm Water or Hot Air?

El Nino and World Primary Commodity Prices : Warm Water or Hot Air? »

Volume/Issue: 2000/203

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Allan Brunner

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2000

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451874440.001

ISBN: 9781451874440

Keywords: ENSO, El Ni&;amp;#x00F1;o, primary commodity prices, inflation rate, aggregate demand, price inflation

This paper examines the historical effects of the El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) cycle on world prices and economic activity. The analysis indicates that ENSO has economically-important and statisticall...

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2017 : Promoting Inclusive Growth

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 October 2017

ISBN: 9781475563252

Keywords: Poverty and inequality, Income inequality, Productivity, Debt management, Commodities, Energy, Gender, IMF, annual report, IMF activities

During the past financial year, the IMF's 189 member countries faced a number of pressing challenges. IMF work on these challenges - slower trade, declining productivity, gender inequality, inclusive growth, and de...

Reviving the Competitive Storage Model
			: A Holistic Approach to Food Commodity Prices

Reviving the Competitive Storage Model : A Holistic Approach to Food Commodity Prices »

Volume/Issue: 2011/64

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Norbert Funke , Weifeng Wu , and Yanliang Miao

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455228065.001

ISBN: 9781455228065

Keywords: Food commodity prices, Competitive storage model, Rational expectation equilibrium, real interest rate, price elasticity, kurtosis, skewness, real interest rates, Computational Techniques,

We revive in this paper the empirical relevance of the competitive storage model by taking a holistic approach to food commodity prices. We augment the seminal Deaton and Laroque (1992, 1996) model by incorporating...

Food Prices and the Multiplier Effect of Trade Policy

Food Prices and the Multiplier Effect of Trade Policy »

Volume/Issue: 2014/182

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Paolo Giordani , Nadia Rocha , and Michele Ruta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 September 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498320382.001

ISBN: 9781498320382

Keywords: Loss aversion, Multiplier effect, Food crisis, domestic price, world price, global trade, import tariff, import subsidy, International Relations and International Political Economy: Other, Global Commodity Crises

This paper studies the relationship between trade policy and food prices. We show that, when individuals are loss averse, governments may use trade policy to shield the domestic economy from large food price shocks...