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Managing Corporate Distress in the Philippines
			: Some Policy Recommendations

Managing Corporate Distress in the Philippines : Some Policy Recommendations »

Volume/Issue: 1998/138

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Charles Woodruff , and G. Lim

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1998

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451930153.001

ISBN: 9781451930153

Keywords: Corporate debt, corporate ownership, debt restructuring, foreign currency, banking, interest income, banking system

While not widespread, the Philippine corporate sector is showing some signs of stress. The paper reviews the exposure of banks to distressed corporate borrowers, the ownership structure of the corporate sector, inc...

Measuring and Analyzing Sovereign Risk with Contingent Claims

Measuring and Analyzing Sovereign Risk with Contingent Claims »

Volume/Issue: 2005/155

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Michael Gapen , Dale Gray , Cheng Lim , and Yingbin Xiao

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451861747.001

ISBN: 9781451861747

Keywords: contingent claims, probability, currency debt, foreign currency debt, domestic currency, correlation,

This paper develops a comprehensive new framework to measure and analyze sovereign risk. Since traditional macroeconomic vulnerability indicators and accounting-based measures do not address risk in a comprehensive...

Foreign Aid and Revenue Response
			: Does the Composition of Aid Matter?

Foreign Aid and Revenue Response : Does the Composition of Aid Matter? »

Volume/Issue: 2003/176

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alexander Pivovarsky , Benedict Clements , Sanjeev Gupta , and Erwin Tiongson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2003

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451858839.001

ISBN: 9781451858839

Keywords: revenue, tax effort, foreign debt, domestic borrowing, tax revenue, Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue: General,

This paper examines the revenue response to inflows of foreign aid in 107 countries during the period 1970–2000, In particular, it investigates whether the impact of aid on the revenue effort depends on the...

External Balance in Low Income Countries

External Balance in Low Income Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2009/221

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Lone Engbo Christiansen , Alessandro Prati , Luca Ricci , and Thierry Tressel

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451873689.001

ISBN: 9781451873689

Keywords: real exchange rate, net foreign assets, exchange rate, capital account liberalization, International Lending and Debt Problems,

This paper offers a coherent empirical analysis of the determinants of the real exchange rate, the current account, and the net foreign assets position in low income countries. The paper focuses on indicators speci...

Foreign Currency Credit Ratings for Emerging Market Economies

Foreign Currency Credit Ratings for Emerging Market Economies »

Volume/Issue: 2001/191

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Roberto Perrelli , and Christian Mulder

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2001

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451859713.001

ISBN: 9781451859713

Keywords: foreign currency credit ratings, economic crises., statistics, autocorrelation, equation, short-term debt, covariance, International Lending and Debt Problems, General Financial Markets: Government Policy and Regulation, Economic Crises,

This paper examines how ratings for emerging market economies have been set. Given the high degree of autocorrelation in ratings, we use estimators that yield consistent parameters in the presence of such correlati...

The Russian Financial Crisis and its Consequences for Central Asia

The Russian Financial Crisis and its Consequences for Central Asia »

Volume/Issue: 2001/169

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Gonzalo Pastor , and Tatiana Damjanovic

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2001

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451858341.001

ISBN: 9781451858341

Keywords: Russian financial crisis, external debt issues, exchange rate, foreign exchange, exchange rates, external debt, exchange rate flexibility, Studies of Particular Policy Episodes, Kyrgyzstan,

This paper reviews the economic conditions in central Asia at the time of the Russian financial crisis of August 1998; the channels by which the crisis was transmitted to the central Asian region; and the policy re...

Post-Crisis Recovery
			: When Does Increased Fiscal Discipline Work?

Post-Crisis Recovery : When Does Increased Fiscal Discipline Work? »

Volume/Issue: 2006/219

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Pritha Mitra

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 October 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451864793.001

ISBN: 9781451864793

Keywords: sovereign debt, foreign debt, long-term debt, budget surplus, General Aggregative Models: General, Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles: General (includes Measurement and Data), Open Economy Macroeconomics, Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance: Forecasting and Simulation,

Emerging market financial crises during the late 1990s were marked by sudden withdrawals of funds by foreign creditors, resulting in production declines. The IMF favored positive signals to potential foreign credit...

Currency Crises and the Real Economy
			: The Role of Banks

Currency Crises and the Real Economy : The Role of Banks »

Volume/Issue: 2001/49

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Piti Disyatat

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2001

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451846843.001

ISBN: 9781451846843

Keywords: currency crisis, foreign currency debt, balance sheet, banking, balance sheet effect, banking sector, currency crises, Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy, Monetary Policy, Central Banking

This paper shows that the quality of banks within each country is one of the important factors that can account for the fact that developing economies tend to suffer more severe output contractions in the wake of a...

Emerging Markets Crisis
			: An Asset Markets Perspective

Emerging Markets Crisis : An Asset Markets Perspective »

Volume/Issue: 1999/129

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Arvind Krishnamurthy , and Ricardo Caballero

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1999

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451855098.001

ISBN: 9781451855098

Keywords: Capital flows, fire sales, financial constraints, contractual and corporate governance problems, balance sheets, wasted collateral, domestic and foreign spreads, excessive leverage, collateral underprovision, real depreciation

The entire difference between a mild downturn and a devastating crisis is the occurrence of sharp fire sales of domestic assets and possibly foreign exchange and the ensuing collapse in the balance sheets of both t...