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World Economic Outlook, April 2017

Gaining Momentum?

The latest report shows that global economic activity is finally picking up, but structural impediments and a balance of risks tilted to the downside remain.

Chapter 8. Recent Argentine and Brazilian Crises and Effective Multilateral Development Bank Interventions

Chapter 8. Recent Argentine and Brazilian Crises and Effective Multilateral Development Bank Interventions »

Source: Access to Trade Finance in Times of Crisis

Series: Seminar Volumes

Author(s): Jian-Ye Wang , and Márcio Ronci

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 February 2006

ISBN: 9781589064041

Keywords: Trade, export credit, export credit agencies, debt, credit lines, exporters

Like several other recent emerging-market financial crises, the crisis in Argentina starting in late 2001 as well as in Brazil from late 2002 until early 2003 were accompanied by major cutbacks in pre- and p...

Chapter 9. Trade Finance Support from Multilateral Development Banks During Crisis: New Tools and Priorities

Chapter 9. Trade Finance Support from Multilateral Development Banks During Crisis: New Tools and Priorities »

Source: Access to Trade Finance in Times of Crisis

Series: Seminar Volumes

Author(s): Jian-Ye Wang , and Márcio Ronci

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 February 2006

ISBN: 9781589064041

Keywords: Trade, export credit, export credit agencies, debt, credit lines, exporters

Multilateral development banks (MDBs)—including the Asian Development Bank (ADB), the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD), the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB), and the African Devel...

Chapter 10. Trade Credit for Crisis Countries: The Role of Export Credit Agencies

Chapter 10. Trade Credit for Crisis Countries: The Role of Export Credit Agencies »

Source: Access to Trade Finance in Times of Crisis

Series: Seminar Volumes

Author(s): Jian-Ye Wang , and Márcio Ronci

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 February 2006

ISBN: 9781589064041

Keywords: Trade, export credit, export credit agencies, debt, credit lines, exporters

Developing countries in financial crisis appears to be a recurring feature of the international financial system. For the purposes of this chapter a “crisis country” is defined as one that is unable to servi...

Chapter 11. Improving the Availability of Trade Financing: The Role of the World Trade Organization

Chapter 11. Improving the Availability of Trade Financing: The Role of the World Trade Organization »

Source: Access to Trade Finance in Times of Crisis

Series: Seminar Volumes

Author(s): Jian-Ye Wang , and Márcio Ronci

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 February 2006

ISBN: 9781589064041

Keywords: Trade, export credit, export credit agencies, debt, credit lines, exporters

Improving the access of developing countries to more plentiful and secure sources of trade financing, particularly in periods of financial or exchange rate crisis, has been a matter of concern for some time...

Part I: Contraction of Trade Finance During Crises

Part I: Contraction of Trade Finance During Crises »

Source: Access to Trade Finance in Times of Crisis

Series: Seminar Volumes

Author(s): Jian-Ye Wang , and Márcio Ronci

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 February 2006

ISBN: 9781589064041

Keywords: Trade, export credit, export credit agencies, debt, credit lines, exporters

...

Part II: Addressing Trade Finance Shortfalls

Part II: Addressing Trade Finance Shortfalls »

Source: Access to Trade Finance in Times of Crisis

Series: Seminar Volumes

Author(s): Jian-Ye Wang , and Márcio Ronci

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 February 2006

ISBN: 9781589064041

Keywords: Trade, export credit, export credit agencies, debt, credit lines, exporters

...

Part III: Restoring Access to Trade Finance

Part III: Restoring Access to Trade Finance »

Source: Access to Trade Finance in Times of Crisis

Series: Seminar Volumes

Author(s): Jian-Ye Wang , and Márcio Ronci

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 February 2006

ISBN: 9781589064041

Keywords: Trade, export credit, export credit agencies, debt, credit lines, exporters

...

4. Caucasus and Central Asia: Sustaining the Recovery

4. Caucasus and Central Asia: Sustaining the Recovery »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, April 2011, Middle East and Central Asia

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 April 2011

ISBN: 9781616350642

Keywords: oil importers, oil exporters, oil and gas, subsidies, oil prices

The sharper-than-envisaged rebound in the CCA in 2010 was led by commodity exports and public investment. To sustain and broaden this recovery, policies will have to confront three short-term ch...

Caucasus and Central Asia

Caucasus and Central Asia »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, April 2011, Middle East and Central Asia

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 April 2011

ISBN: 9781616350642

Keywords: oil importers, oil exporters, oil and gas, subsidies, oil prices

Sources: IMF, Regional Economic Outlook database; and Microsoft Map Land. Note: The country names and borders on this map do not necessarily reflect the IMF’s official p...

How to Adjust to a Large Fall in Commodity Prices

How to Adjust to a Large Fall in Commodity Prices »

Source: How to Adjust to a Large Fall in Commodity Prices

Volume: 16

Series: Fiscal Affairs Department How-To Notes

Author(s): Paulo Medas , Veronique Salins , and Jeff Danforth

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 September 2016

ISBN: 9781475536065

Keywords: Asia and Pacific, Canada, Chile, Commodity prices, Malaysia, Natural resources, Nigeria, Sub-Saharan Africa, Western Hemisphere, Commodity boom

Resource-rich countries have to manage highly volatile commodity revenues. In periods of revenue booms there is a tendency for large spending scale-ups. When facing large and persistent reductions in commodity pric...