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World Economic Outlook, April 2017

Gaining Momentum?

The latest report shows that global economic activity is finally picking up, but structural impediments and a balance of risks tilted to the downside remain.

Export Credit Agencies, Trade Finance and South East Asia

Export Credit Agencies, Trade Finance and South East Asia »

Source: Export Credit Agencies, Trade Finance and South East Asia

Volume/Issue: 1998/175

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Malcolm Stephens

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1998

ISBN: 9781451976403

Keywords: Export credit agencies, trade finance, South East Asian countries, export credit, exporters, international financial, international financial institutions

This paper looks at the causes of the reduction in trade finance in South East Asian countries post-1997, with a particular focus on the role of export credit agencies. It concludes that while such agencies did not...

Learning to Live with Cheaper Oil: Policy Adjustment in Oil-Exporting Countries of the Middle East and Central Asia

Learning to Live with Cheaper Oil: Policy Adjustment in Oil-Exporting Countries of the Middle East and Central Asia »

Source: Learning to Live with Cheaper Oil : Policy Adjustment in MENA and CCA Oil-Exporting Countries

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Martin Sommer , Allan Auclair , Armand Fouejieu , Inutu Lukonga , Saad Quayyum , Amir Sadeghi , Gazi Shbaikat , Andrew Tiffin , and Bruno Versailles

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 June 2016

ISBN: 9781513520483

Keywords: Oil, Oil exporting countries, Oil exports, Oil prices, Oil producing countries, Oil product prices, Oil revenues, exporters, exchange rate, liquidity

This paper discusses the challenges posed by low oil prices in the MENA and CCA regions, the adjustment policies adopted so far, and remaining adjustment needs and future risks....

Overview

Overview »

Source: Access to Trade Finance in Times of Crisis

Series: Seminar Volumes

Author(s): Jian-Ye Wang , and Márcio Ronci

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 February 2006

ISBN: 9781589064041

Keywords: Trade, export credit, export credit agencies, debt, credit lines, exporters

During financial crises in the late 1990s and the early years of the new century, trade financing to the crisis countries fell dramatically. 1 Available data suggest that emerging...

Chapter 1. Trade Finance and Financial Crises

Chapter 1. Trade Finance and Financial Crises »

Source: Access to Trade Finance in Times of Crisis

Series: Seminar Volumes

Author(s): Jian-Ye Wang , and Márcio Ronci

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 February 2006

ISBN: 9781589064041

Keywords: Trade, export credit, export credit agencies, debt, credit lines, exporters

Is There a Problem? Are declines in externally provided trade credits a serious problem for a country’s crisis resolution efforts? My answer, in short, is yes. Trade credit lines are...

Chapter 2. Trade Finance and Trade Flows: Panel Data Evidence from 10 Crises

Chapter 2. Trade Finance and Trade Flows: Panel Data Evidence from 10 Crises »

Source: Access to Trade Finance in Times of Crisis

Series: Seminar Volumes

Author(s): Jian-Ye Wang , and Márcio Ronci

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 February 2006

ISBN: 9781589064041

Keywords: Trade, export credit, export credit agencies, debt, credit lines, exporters

This chapter assesses the effect of constrained trade finance on trade flows in countries undergoing financial and balance of payments crises. Most of the countries that had a major external crisis had a sig...

Chapter 3. Banks, Trade Finance, and Financial Distress

Chapter 3. Banks, Trade Finance, and Financial Distress »

Source: Access to Trade Finance in Times of Crisis

Series: Seminar Volumes

Author(s): Jian-Ye Wang , and Márcio Ronci

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 February 2006

ISBN: 9781589064041

Keywords: Trade, export credit, export credit agencies, debt, credit lines, exporters

For emerging markets, international financing and capital flows are a double-edged sword: they carry tremendous potential for increased economic welfare, but at same time harbour many dangers. Crises over th...

Chapter 4. Indonesia's Experience in Dealing with Trade Finance Shortfalls during Financial Crises

Chapter 4. Indonesia's Experience in Dealing with Trade Finance Shortfalls during Financial Crises »

Source: Access to Trade Finance in Times of Crisis

Series: Seminar Volumes

Author(s): Jian-Ye Wang , and Márcio Ronci

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 February 2006

ISBN: 9781589064041

Keywords: Trade, export credit, export credit agencies, debt, credit lines, exporters

The Asian currency crises that began in mid-1997 brought intense pressure on Indonesia’s balance of payments. Although Bank Indonesia intervened in the foreign currency market and tightened liquidity by incr...

Chapter 5. Brazil’s Approach in the Face of Export Finance Constraints

Chapter 5. Brazil’s Approach in the Face of Export Finance Constraints »

Source: Access to Trade Finance in Times of Crisis

Series: Seminar Volumes

Author(s): Jian-Ye Wang , and Márcio Ronci

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 February 2006

ISBN: 9781589064041

Keywords: Trade, export credit, export credit agencies, debt, credit lines, exporters

A deteriorating international outlook and uncertainty about the future course of domestic economic policies during an election year led to increasing pressure on Brazil’s financial market variables beginning...

Chapter 6. The U.S. Export-Import Bank and the Asian Crisis

Chapter 6. The U.S. Export-Import Bank and the Asian Crisis »

Source: Access to Trade Finance in Times of Crisis

Series: Seminar Volumes

Author(s): Jian-Ye Wang , and Márcio Ronci

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 February 2006

ISBN: 9781589064041

Keywords: Trade, export credit, export credit agencies, debt, credit lines, exporters

Before the Asian debt crisis in the late 1990s, short- and medium-term credit support from the U.S. Export-Import Bank for exports of goods and services to Korea, Indonesia, and Thailand was very limited bec...

Chapter 7. The JBIC Financing Facility for Indonesia

Chapter 7. The JBIC Financing Facility for Indonesia »

Source: Access to Trade Finance in Times of Crisis

Series: Seminar Volumes

Author(s): Jian-Ye Wang , and Márcio Ronci

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 February 2006

ISBN: 9781589064041

Keywords: Trade, export credit, export credit agencies, debt, credit lines, exporters

The financial crisis that hit Thailand in the summer of 1997 expanded rapidly through the entire Asian region. Indonesia was not spared from the contagion. In fact, although Indonesia had enjoyed 30 years of...