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Chapter 7. Who Will Pay? The Dynamics of Pension Reform and Intergenerational Equity

Chapter 7. Who Will Pay? The Dynamics of Pension Reform and Intergenerational Equity »

Source: Equitable and Sustainable Pensions : Challenges and Experience

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Frank Eich , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 March 2014

ISBN: 9781616359508

Keywords: pension, pensions, benefits, pension system, retirement age

Introduction Pension reform is a challenging fiscal issue. With the aging of the population, if pension systems are not reformed, many advanced and emerging market economies face ris...

Chapter 8. Is the Egg Basket Worth Its Price? The Fiscal Implications of Pension Privatization in Eastern Europe

Chapter 8. Is the Egg Basket Worth Its Price? The Fiscal Implications of Pension Privatization in Eastern Europe »

Source: Equitable and Sustainable Pensions : Challenges and Experience

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Frank Eich , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 March 2014

ISBN: 9781616359508

Keywords: pension, pensions, benefits, pension system, retirement age

Introduction Eastern European countries were among the pioneers in introducing mandatory privately funded schemes into their pension systems. Their approach to pension privatization,...

Chapter 9. Pension Reforms and Risks: Challenges for Pension Systems in Advanced European Economies

Chapter 9. Pension Reforms and Risks: Challenges for Pension Systems in Advanced European Economies »

Source: Equitable and Sustainable Pensions : Challenges and Experience

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Frank Eich , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 March 2014

ISBN: 9781616359508

Keywords: pension, pensions, benefits, pension system, retirement age

Introduction All European countries have arrangements in place to provide income to older people when they retire. Nowadays, spending on old-age pensions is one of the largest social...

Chapter 10. Pension Reforms in Japan: Options for Fiscal Sustainability

Chapter 10. Pension Reforms in Japan: Options for Fiscal Sustainability »

Source: Equitable and Sustainable Pensions : Challenges and Experience

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Frank Eich , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 March 2014

ISBN: 9781616359508

Keywords: pension, pensions, benefits, pension system, retirement age

Introduction Japan is taking the global lead in population aging. Life expectancy at birth in the country has increased to 83 years, which is the highest in the world. The postwar ba...

Chapter 11. Providing Adequate Old-Age Pensions in the Republic of Korea

Chapter 11. Providing Adequate Old-Age Pensions in the Republic of Korea »

Source: Equitable and Sustainable Pensions : Challenges and Experience

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Frank Eich , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 March 2014

ISBN: 9781616359508

Keywords: pension, pensions, benefits, pension system, retirement age

Introduction Since its introduction in the 1960s, the Korean public pension system has grown rapidly. This growth has paralleled the country’s economic growth during that period. How...

Chapter 12. Singapore’s Pension System: Challenges and Reform Options

Chapter 12. Singapore’s Pension System: Challenges and Reform Options »

Source: Equitable and Sustainable Pensions : Challenges and Experience

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Frank Eich , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 March 2014

ISBN: 9781616359508

Keywords: pension, pensions, benefits, pension system, retirement age

Introduction Singapore has evolved from a low-to-middle-income country to a high-income country in a relatively short period. Singapore’s economic success notwithstanding, several fa...

Chapter 13. Australian Pensions: An Equitable and Sustainable Arrangement in a Postcrisis World?

Chapter 13. Australian Pensions: An Equitable and Sustainable Arrangement in a Postcrisis World? »

Source: Equitable and Sustainable Pensions : Challenges and Experience

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Frank Eich , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 March 2014

ISBN: 9781616359508

Keywords: pension, pensions, benefits, pension system, retirement age

Introduction Australia has a classic three-pillar retirement system, comprising A government-financed public pension, called the Age Pe...

Chapter 14. Emerging Asia’s Public Pension Systems: Challenges and Reform Efforts

Chapter 14. Emerging Asia’s Public Pension Systems: Challenges and Reform Efforts »

Source: Equitable and Sustainable Pensions : Challenges and Experience

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Frank Eich , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 March 2014

ISBN: 9781616359508

Keywords: pension, pensions, benefits, pension system, retirement age

Introduction Providing economic security for the elderly may well be the single biggest social and economic challenge facing developing Asia (henceforth Asia) in the 21st century. Th...

Chapter 15. Reforming Pensions to Ensure Equitable and Adequate Retirement Incomes in China

Chapter 15. Reforming Pensions to Ensure Equitable and Adequate Retirement Incomes in China »

Source: Equitable and Sustainable Pensions : Challenges and Experience

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Frank Eich , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 March 2014

ISBN: 9781616359508

Keywords: pension, pensions, benefits, pension system, retirement age

Introduction China is facing many challenges in its pursuit of a prosperous and harmonious society. In the presence of increased income disparity and the progressive aging of the pop...

Chapter 16. India’s Pension Reform Initiative

Chapter 16. India’s Pension Reform Initiative »

Source: Equitable and Sustainable Pensions : Challenges and Experience

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Frank Eich , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 March 2014

ISBN: 9781616359508

Keywords: pension, pensions, benefits, pension system, retirement age

Introduction Nearly one-eighth of world’s elderly population lives in India. The vast majority of this population is not covered by any formal pension scheme. Instead, they are depen...