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Economic Diversification in LICs

Economic Diversification in LICs »

Source: Economic Diversification in LICs : Stylized Facts and Macroeconomic Implications

Volume/Issue: 2012/13

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Chris Papageorgiou , and Nicola Spatafora

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 December 2012

ISBN: 9781475532180

Keywords: Trade and real-sector diversification, quality upgrading, volatility, growth, LICs, export diversification, external shocks, external trade, total exports, trading partners

Limited diversification is an underlying characteristic of many low-income countries (LICs). Concentration in sectors with limited scope for increases in productivity and quality may result in less broad-based and...

When China Sneezes Does ASEAN Catch a Cold?

When China Sneezes Does ASEAN Catch a Cold? »

Source: When China Sneezes Does ASEAN Catch a Cold?

Volume/Issue: 2016/214

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sohrab Rafiq

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 November 2016

ISBN: 9781475552607

Keywords: Cambodia, Cambodia, China, Cross country analysis, Association of Southeast Asian Nations, Emerging markets, Economic integration, Economic growth, Philippines, Indonesia

This paper looks at the effects of a China slowdown on Emerging Market Economies (Indonesia, Malaysia, and Thailand) and Frontier Developing Economies (Cambodia, Lao P.D.R., and Vietnam) in ASEAN. The main finding...

The Effects of Capital Controls on Exchange Rate Volatility and Output

The Effects of Capital Controls on Exchange Rate Volatility and Output »

Volume/Issue: 2001/187

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Christiane Nickel , Günter Schmidt , Georg Stadtmann , and Michael Frenkel

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2001

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451859515.001

ISBN: 9781451859515

Keywords: exchange rate, capital control, capital inflows, foreign exchange, Open Economy Macroeconomics,

This paper extends the Dornbusch model of overshooting exchange rates to discuss both exchange rate and output effects of capital controls that involve additional costs for international asset transactions. We show...

Domestic Bank Regulation and Financial Crises
			: Theory and Empirical Evidence From East Asia

Domestic Bank Regulation and Financial Crises : Theory and Empirical Evidence From East Asia »

Volume/Issue: 2001/63

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Kenneth Kletzer , and Robert Dekle

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2001

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451848427.001

ISBN: 9781451848427

Keywords: financial fragility, banking, foreign capital, foreign capital inflows, deposit insurance, Open Economy Macroeconomics,

A model of the domestic financial intermediation of foreign capital inflows based on agency costs is developed for studying financial crises in emerging markets. In equilibrium, the banking system becomes progressi...

The Distributional Bias of Public Education
			: Causes and Consequences

The Distributional Bias of Public Education : Causes and Consequences »

Volume/Issue: 2004/214

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mark Gradstein , and Era Dabla-Norris

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2004

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451875027.001

ISBN: 9781451875027

Keywords: Public education, incidence bias, inequality, education spending, income inequality, private education, Publicly Provided Private Goods, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development,

While public education is often intended to be progressive in its effects on income distribution, in reality its incidence is often skewed toward the rich. This paper argues that the extent of this bias is directly...

Malaysian Capital Controls
			: Macroeconomics and Institutions

Malaysian Capital Controls : Macroeconomics and Institutions »

Volume/Issue: 2006/51

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Natalia Tamirisa , Simon Johnson , Kalpana Kochhar , and Todd Mitton

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451863116.001

ISBN: 9781451863116

Keywords: Asian crisis, political connections, stock price, stock market, stock returns, capital market, Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance: General, General Financial Markets: Government Policy and Regulation, Corporate Finance and Governance: General,

We analyze the capital controls imposed in Malaysia in September 1998. In macroeconomic terms, these controls neither yielded major benefits nor were costly. At the same time, the stock market interpreted the capit...

The Growth and Stabilization Properties of Fiscal Policy in Malaysia

The Growth and Stabilization Properties of Fiscal Policy in Malaysia »

Volume/Issue: 2013/149

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sohrab Rafiq

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 June 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484337912.001

ISBN: 9781484337912

Keywords: Stabilization, Multipliers, Time-variation, government spending, fiscal multipliers, fiscal stimulus, government spending shocks, Monetary Policy (Targets, Instruments, and Effects)

This paper examines the size of the fiscal multiplier values generated in Malaysia. The results show that a government spending shock leads to broad positive economic effects. Although, the effectiveness of fiscal...

Identifying Constraints to Financial Inclusion and Their Impact on GDP and Inequality
			: A Structural Framework for Policy

Identifying Constraints to Financial Inclusion and Their Impact on GDP and Inequality : A Structural Framework for Policy »

Volume/Issue: 2015/22

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Era Dabla-Norris , Yan Ji , Robert Townsend , and Filiz Unsal

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 January 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498381598.001

ISBN: 9781498381598

Keywords: Financial inclusion, inequality, hetergenous agents, income, credit, gdp, wealth, equilibrium, Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy, Other

We develop a micro-founded general equilibrium model with heterogeneous agents to identify pertinent constraints to financial inclusion. We evaluate quantitatively the policy impacts of relaxing each of these const...

The Output Decline in Asian Crisis Countries
			: Investment Aspects

The Output Decline in Asian Crisis Countries : Investment Aspects »

Volume/Issue: 2002/25

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Joshua Greene

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2002

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451844276.001

ISBN: 9781451844276

Keywords: output decline, asian crisis, balance sheet, private capital, private capital flows, private investment, capital flows, capital inflows, Macroeconomics: Production, Macroeconomics: Consumption

This paper examines whether capital outflows may have contributed to output declines during the Asian Crisis by reducing the financing available for domestic investment. Panel data regressions suggest a positive, s...

Do Macroeconomic Effects of Capital Controls Vary by their Type? Evidence From Malaysia

Do Macroeconomic Effects of Capital Controls Vary by their Type? Evidence From Malaysia »

Volume/Issue: 2004/3

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Natalia Tamirisa

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2004

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451841930.001

ISBN: 9781451841930

Keywords: exchange, controls, portfolio, flows, Asian crisis, capital controls, foreign currency, capital flows, foreign exchange, direct investment

This paper examines how the macroeconomic effects of capital controls vary depending on which type of international financial transaction they cover. Drawing on Malaysia's experiences in regulating the capital acco...