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Asia: A Survey of Gender Budgeting Efforts

Asia: A Survey of Gender Budgeting Efforts »

Source: Asia : A Survey of Gender Budgeting Efforts

Volume/Issue: 2016/150

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Lekha Chakraborty

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 July 2016

ISBN: 9781475519914

Keywords: India, Fiscal policy, Cross country analysis, Budgeting, Asia, Asia and Pacific, Australia, Philippines, Korea, Republic of, Gender

This paper reviews gender budgeting efforts in Asia. The countries in the region have achieved mixed success in improving gender equality. Gender budgeting is ideally a fiscal innovation that translates gender-rela...

Assessing Corporate Vulnerabilities in Indonesia

Assessing Corporate Vulnerabilities in Indonesia »

Source: Assessing Corporate Vulnerabilities in Indonesia : A Bottom-Up Default Analysis

Volume/Issue: 2017/97

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jorge Chan-Lau , Weimin Miao , Ken Miyajima , and Jongsoon Shin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 April 2017

ISBN: 9781475595130

Keywords: Indonesia, Corporate sector, Asia and Pacific, bottom-up default analysis, default risk, scenario analysis, simulation, hazard rate models, Model Evaluation and Testing, General

Under adverse macroeconomic conditions, the potential realization of corporate sector vulnerabilities could pose major risks to the economy. This paper assesses corporate vulnerabilities in Indonesia by using a Bot...

Assessing Fiscal Sustainability

Assessing Fiscal Sustainability »

Source: Assessing Fiscal Sustainability : A Cross-Country Comparison

Volume/Issue: 2003/145

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Enzo Croce , and V. Juan-Ramon

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2003

ISBN: 9781451856569

Keywords: convergence, fiscal rule, public debt, debt ratio, fiscal stance, National Government Expenditures and Related Policies, National Budget, Deficit, and Debt,

To monitor fiscal sustainability, this paper proposes a recursive algorithm derived from the law of motion of the debt-to-GDP ratio, subject to a government reaction function that links convergence to the targeted...

Automatic Adjustment Mechanisms in Asian Pension Systems?

Automatic Adjustment Mechanisms in Asian Pension Systems? »

Source: Automatic Adjustment Mechanisms in Asian Pension Systems?

Volume/Issue: 2016/242

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Elif Arbatli , Csaba Feher , Jack Ree , Ikuo Saito , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 December 2016

ISBN: 9781475560336

Keywords: Pensions, Pension reforms, Japan, Korea, Republic of, China, People's Republic of, China, Asia and Pacific, Asia, Retirement, Pension System Reform

Automatic adjustment mechanisms (AAMs)-rules ensuring that certain characteristics of a pension system respond to demographic, macroeconomic and financial developments, in a predetermined fashion and without the ne...

Automatic Stabilizers and the Size of Government

Automatic Stabilizers and the Size of Government »

Source: Automatic Stabilizers and the Size of Government : Correcting a Common Misunderstanding

Volume/Issue: 2010/155

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Carlo Cottarelli , and Annalisa Fedelino

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2010

ISBN: 9781455201389

Keywords: cyclical adjustment, expenditure, fiscal balances, budget balance, public spending, Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook: General, National Deficit Surplus, National Budget

The size of government is a commonly used variable in many analytical studies on the effects of fiscal policy. An accepted practice is to measure it as the ratio of government spending to GDP. However, this is not...

Bank Capital and Lending: An Extended Framework and Evidence of Nonlinearity

Bank Capital and Lending: An Extended Framework and Evidence of Nonlinearity »

Source: Bank Capital and Lending: An Extended Framework and Evidence of Nonlinearity

Volume/Issue: 2017/252

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mario Catalan , Alexander Hoffmaister , and Cicilia Anggadewi Harun

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 November 2017

ISBN: 9781484325995

Keywords: Financial crises, Indonesia, Asia and Pacific, Bank capital; Bank lending; Financial shocks; Transmission mechanisms, Bank capital, Bank lending, Financial shocks, Transmission mechanisms, Government Policy and Regulation, Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy

This paper studies the transmission of bank capital shocks to loan supply in Indonesia. A series of theoretically founded dynamic panel data models are estimated and find nonlinear effects of capital on loan growth...

Budget Deficits and Interest Rates

Budget Deficits and Interest Rates »

Source: Budget Deficits and Interest Rates : A Fresh Perspective

Volume/Issue: 2008/42

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ari Aisen , and David Hauner

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2008

ISBN: 9781451869040

Keywords: system GMM, inflation, budget deficit, money supply,

We extend the literature on budget deficits and interest rates in three ways: we examine both advanced and emerging economies and for the first time a large emerging market panel; explore interactions to explain so...

Budget Support Versus Project Aid

Budget Support Versus Project Aid »

Source: Budget Support Versus Project Aid

Volume/Issue: 2003/88

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Tito Cordella , and Giovanni Dell'Ariccia

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2003

ISBN: 9781451851182

Keywords: aid policy, asymmetric information, empirical growth models, budget support, budget surplus, capital expenditures, budget constraint, capital expenditure, Asymmetric and Private Information, Welfare and Poverty: General

Should donors who are interested in the effectiveness of developmental programs rely on conditional budget support or on project aid? To answer this question, we present a model in which only a subset of the develo...

Causes, Benefits, and Risks of Business Tax Incentives

Causes, Benefits, and Risks of Business Tax Incentives »

Source: Causes, Benefits, and Risks of Business Tax Incentives

Volume/Issue: 2009/21

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alexander Klemm

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2009

ISBN: 9781451871685

Keywords: effective tax rates, tax system, tax rates, taxation,

This paper provides an updated overview of tax incentives for business investment. It begins by noting that tax competition is likely to be a major force driving countries' tax reforms, and discusses tax incentives...

The Challenge of Reforming Budgetary Institutions in Developing Countries

The Challenge of Reforming Budgetary Institutions in Developing Countries »

Source: The Challenge of Reforming Budgetary Institutions in Developing Countries

Volume/Issue: 2009/96

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Richard Allen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2009

ISBN: 9781451872439

Keywords: PEFA, budget, institutions, platform approach, reform, donors, Paris Declaration, Accra Agenda for Action, budgetary institutions, financial management

The paper notes that the development of sound budgetary institutions in countries such as France, the U.K. and the U.S. has taken a very long time?200 years or more?and is still evolving. It discusses Douglass Nort...