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5 A Game Theoretic Analysis of Corruption in Bureaucracies

5 A Game Theoretic Analysis of Corruption in Bureaucracies »

Source: Governance, Corruption, and Economic Performance

Series: Books

Author(s): Sanjeev Gupta , and George Abed

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 September 2002

ISBN: 9781589061163

Keywords: decentralization, military spending, military, tax revenue, government expenditure

I. Introduction A fundamental role of the state lies in its provision of a legal order and in its ability to implement and enforce property rights and other formal rules in an econom...

7. Bank-by-Bank Credit Ceilings: Issues and Experiences

7. Bank-by-Bank Credit Ceilings: Issues and Experiences »

Source: Instruments of Monetary Management : Issues and Country Experiences

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 September 1997

ISBN: 9781557755988

Keywords: central bank, reserve requirements, credit, foreign exchange, reserve requirement

A number of countries used direct methods of monetary control and, in particular, bank-specific credit ceilings to control monetary and credit aggregates by allocating credit directly among fina...

Budget Deficits and Interest Rates

Budget Deficits and Interest Rates »

Source: Budget Deficits and Interest Rates : A Fresh Perspective

Volume/Issue: 2008/42

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ari Aisen , and David Hauner

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2008

ISBN: 9781451869040

Keywords: system GMM, inflation, budget deficit, money supply,

We extend the literature on budget deficits and interest rates in three ways: we examine both advanced and emerging economies and for the first time a large emerging market panel; explore interactions to explain so...

3 Bureaucratic Corruption and the Rate of Temptation: Do Wages in the Civil Service Affect Corruption, and by How Much?

3 Bureaucratic Corruption and the Rate of Temptation: Do Wages in the Civil Service Affect Corruption, and by How Much? »

Source: Governance, Corruption, and Economic Performance

Series: Books

Author(s): Sanjeev Gupta , and George Abed

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 September 2002

ISBN: 9781589061163

Keywords: decentralization, military spending, military, tax revenue, government expenditure

1. Introduction The importance of adequate remuneration in ensuring an honest civil service is widely recognized in the policy debate. 1 The issue o...

Can Foreign Exchange Intervention Stem Exchange Rate Pressures from Global Capital Flow Shocks?

Can Foreign Exchange Intervention Stem Exchange Rate Pressures from Global Capital Flow Shocks? »

Source: Can Foreign Exchange Intervention Stem Exchange Rate Pressures from Global Capital Flow Shocks?

Volume/Issue: 2015/159

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Olivier Blanchard , Gustavo Adler , and Irineu de Carvalho Filho

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 July 2015

ISBN: 9781513585840

Keywords: exchange rate, gross capital flows, exchange, market, General,

Many emerging market economies have relied on foreign exchange intervention (FXI) in response to gross capital inflows. In this paper, we study whether FXI has been an effective tool to dampen the effects of these...

Collateral Damage

Collateral Damage »

Source: Collateral Damage : Exchange Controls and International Trade

Volume/Issue: 2007/8

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Zhiwei Zhang , and Shang-Jin Wei

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2007

ISBN: 9781451865721

Keywords: non-tariff barriers, exchange controls, foreign exchange, tariff barriers, International Factor Movements And International Business,

While new conventional wisdom warns that developing countries should be aware of the risks of premature capital account liberalization, the costs of not removing exchange controls have received much less attention....

4 Controlling Fiscal Corruption

4 Controlling Fiscal Corruption »

Source: Governance, Corruption, and Economic Performance

Series: Books

Author(s): Sanjeev Gupta , and George Abed

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 September 2002

ISBN: 9781589061163

Keywords: decentralization, military spending, military, tax revenue, government expenditure

1. Introduction It has been widely observed that insufficient domestic resource mobilization and wasteful public expenditures are at the root of the adjustment and growth problems fa...

12 Corruption and Military Spending

12 Corruption and Military Spending »

Source: Governance, Corruption, and Economic Performance

Series: Books

Author(s): Sanjeev Gupta , and George Abed

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 September 2002

ISBN: 9781589061163

Keywords: decentralization, military spending, military, tax revenue, government expenditure

1. Introduction In recent years, increasing attention has been devoted to understanding the reasons for, and economic consequences of, corruption. The existing literature can be divi...

9 Corruption and the Composition of Government Expenditure

9 Corruption and the Composition of Government Expenditure »

Source: Governance, Corruption, and Economic Performance

Series: Books

Author(s): Sanjeev Gupta , and George Abed

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 September 2002

ISBN: 9781589061163

Keywords: decentralization, military spending, military, tax revenue, government expenditure

1. Introduction In a world in which governments do not always act in their citizens’ best interest, corrupt politicians may be expected to spend more public resources on those items...

10 Corruption and the Provision of Health Care and Education Services

10 Corruption and the Provision of Health Care and Education Services »

Source: Governance, Corruption, and Economic Performance

Series: Books

Author(s): Sanjeev Gupta , and George Abed

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 September 2002

ISBN: 9781589061163

Keywords: decentralization, military spending, military, tax revenue, government expenditure

Introduction Social sectors in an economy are often characterized by market failures. To correct such failures, governments intervene through the public provision, financing, and reg...