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Are Regional Trade Agreements in Asia Stumbling or Building Blocks? Implications for the Mekong-3 Countries

Are Regional Trade Agreements in Asia Stumbling or Building Blocks? Implications for the Mekong-3 Countries »

Source: Are Regional Trade Agreements in Asia Stumbling or Building Blocks? Implications for the Mekong-3 Countries

Volume/Issue: 2007/53

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Patrizia Tumbarello

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2007

ISBN: 9781451866179

Keywords: regional trade agreements, gravity model, trade diversion, Mekong countries, panel data, regional trade, trade agreements, free trade, rules of origin, Country and Industry Studies of Trade

Is the recent proliferation of Regional Trade Agreements (RTAs) in Asia a healthy development, or runs the risk of turning into an unmanageable "noodle bowl" in the future? The goal of this paper is to shed some li...

Assessing Early Warning Systems

Assessing Early Warning Systems »

Source: Assessing Early Warning Systems : How Have they Worked in Practice?

Volume/Issue: 2004/52

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Andrew Berg , Eduardo Borensztein , and Catherine Pattillo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2004

ISBN: 9781451847284

Keywords: vulnerability indicators, crisis prediction, forecasting accuracy, balance of payments crisis, probability, predictions, currency crisis, probabilities, Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance: Forecasting and Simulation,

Since 1999, the IMF's staff has been tracking several early-warning-system (EWS) models of currency crisis. The results have been mixed. One of the long-horizon models has performed well relative to pure guesswork...

Capital Mobility in Developing Countries

Capital Mobility in Developing Countries »

Source: Capital Mobility in Developing Countries : M386Some Empirical Tests

Volume/Issue: 1990/117

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1990

ISBN: 9781451941319

Keywords: capital mobility, private capital, capital flows, domestic market, capital controls

The degree of capital mobility in developing economies is seldom estimated, even though it is widely recognized to be an important element in determining the effects of stabilization policies. Instead, an economy i...

Collect More, Spend Better

Collect More, Spend Better »

Source: Collect More, Spend Better : Public Investment in Asian Frontier Markets

Volume/Issue: 2017/10

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Manuk Ghazanchyan , Ricardo Marto , Jiri Jonas , and Kaitlyn Douglass

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 January 2017

ISBN: 9781475570892

Keywords: Southeast Asia, Sri Lanka, Tax collection, Vietnam, Capital expenditure, Public investment, Fiscal policy, Emerging markets, Cambodia, Debt sustainability

We use a dynamic small open economy model to explore the macroeconomic impact of alternative public investment scaling-up scenarios, analyzing how improving the efficiency of capital spending and of tax revenue col...

Corruption and the Rate of Temptation

Corruption and the Rate of Temptation »

Source: Corruption and the Rate of Temptation : Do Low Wages in the Civil Service Cause Corruption?

Volume/Issue: 1997/73

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 1997

ISBN: 9781451849424

Keywords: wage, wages, civil service, civil servants, civil service wages

This paper develops and tests two efficiency wage models of corruption in the civil service. Under fair wage models, civil service wages are an important determinant of corruption. Under shirking models, the level...

Discriminating Contagion

Discriminating Contagion »

Source: Discriminating Contagion : An Alternative Explanation of Contagious Currency Crises in Emerging Markets

Volume/Issue: 2000/14

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Pavan Ahluwalia

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2000

ISBN: 9781451843118

Keywords: Contagion, currency crisis, balance-of-payments, exchange rate, speculative, currency crises, real exchange rate

This paper shows that a country’s vulnerability to contagious crises depends on the visible similarities between that country and other countries that are experiencing crises. A country is vulnerable to shif...

Distributional Implications of Government Tax and Expenditure Policies

Distributional Implications of Government Tax and Expenditure Policies »

Source: Distributional Implications of Government Tax and Expenditure Policies : Issues, Problems, and Methodology

Volume/Issue: 1988/19

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1988

ISBN: 9781451922363

Keywords: expenditure, income distribution, expenditures, distributional implications, fiscal incidence

This paper examines the methodological issues arising in the measurement of the distributional impact of tax and expenditure policies, with emphasis on the problems related to the measurement of the impact of adjus...

Do 'Flexible' Exchange Rates of Developing Countries Behave Like the Floating Exchange Rates of Industrialized Countries?

Do 'Flexible' Exchange Rates of Developing Countries Behave Like the Floating Exchange Rates of Industrialized Countries? »

Source: Do 'Flexible' Exchange Rates of Developing Countries Behave Like the Floating Exchange Rates of Industrialized Countries?

Volume/Issue: 2002/82

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Peter Wickham

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2002

ISBN: 9781451850451

Keywords: Flexible and floating exchange rates, exchange rate, exchange rates, statistics, statistic,

The paper examines the behavior of daily spot exchange rates for a sample of industrialized countries which are generally considered to be floating with only occasional official foreign exchange market intervention...

Does Import Protection Discourage Exports?

Does Import Protection Discourage Exports? »

Source: Does Import Protection Discourage Exports?

Volume/Issue: 2006/20

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Stephen Tokarick

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2006

ISBN: 9781451862805

Keywords: export tax, restrictiveness, tariff barriers, tariff reductions, export sector, Computable General Equilibrium Models,

This paper points out that while many developing countries seek to increase their export earnings, they have not embraced fully the notion that their own pattern of import protection hurts their export performance....

Dynamiccs of Asian Savings

Dynamiccs of Asian Savings »

Source: Dynamiccs of Asian Savings : Role of Growth and Age Structure

Volume/Issue: 1988/49

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 June 1988

ISBN: 9781451971545

Keywords: inflation, terms of trade, disposable income, private consumption, consumption function

This paper shows how growth and demography, two important determinants of the savings rate in the life-cycle approach, explain a large part of the diversity in savings behavior in Asia across eight countries as wel...