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Corruption and the Rate of Temptation

Corruption and the Rate of Temptation »

Source: Corruption and the Rate of Temptation : Do Low Wages in the Civil Service Cause Corruption?

Volume/Issue: 1997/73

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 1997

ISBN: 9781451849424

Keywords: wage, wages, civil service, civil servants, civil service wages

This paper develops and tests two efficiency wage models of corruption in the civil service. Under fair wage models, civil service wages are an important determinant of corruption. Under shirking models, the level...

Definitions

Definitions »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, April 2018, Asia Pacific : Good Times, Uncertain Times: A Time to Prepare

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 May 2018

ISBN: 9781484339886

In this Regional Economic Outlook: Asia and Pacific, the following groupings are employed: “ASEAN” refers to Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, Indonesia, Lao P.D.R., Malaysia, Myanmar, the Philippines, S...

Discriminating Contagion

Discriminating Contagion »

Source: Discriminating Contagion : An Alternative Explanation of Contagious Currency Crises in Emerging Markets

Volume/Issue: 2000/14

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Pavan Ahluwalia

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2000

ISBN: 9781451843118

Keywords: Contagion, currency crisis, balance-of-payments, exchange rate, speculative, currency crises, real exchange rate

This paper shows that a country’s vulnerability to contagious crises depends on the visible similarities between that country and other countries that are experiencing crises. A country is vulnerable to shif...

The Evolution of Exchange Rate Regimes Since 1990

The Evolution of Exchange Rate Regimes Since 1990 »

Source: The Evolution of Exchange Rate Regimes Since 1990 : Evidence From De Facto Policies

Volume/Issue: 2002/155

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Andrea Bubula , and Inci Ötker

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2002

ISBN: 9781451857320

Keywords: de facto regimes, bipolar view, pegs, floats, intermediate regimes, exchange rate, exchange rate regimes, International Monetary Arrangements and Institutions,

This paper presents a monthly database on de facto exchange rate regimes that covers all IMF members since 1990. Information from IMF country reports and other sources, including exchange rate data, is utilized to...

Executive Summary

Executive Summary »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, April 2018, Asia Pacific : Good Times, Uncertain Times: A Time to Prepare

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 May 2018

ISBN: 9781484339886

The economic outlook for Asia and the Pacific remains strong, and the region continues to be the most dynamic of the global economy. Near-term prospects have improved since the Regional Economic Outlook Upda...

Financial Inclusion in Asia-Pacific

Financial Inclusion in Asia-Pacific »

Source: Financial Inclusion in Asia-Pacific

Volume/Issue: 2018/17

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Elena Loukoianova , Yongzheng Yang , Si Guo , Leni Hunter , Sarwat Jahan , Fazurin Jamaludin , and Johanna Schauer

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 September 2018

ISBN: 9781484371015

Keywords: Financial inclusion, Financial institutions, Financial services industry, Poor, financial inclusion, macroeconomic policymaking, fintech, Asia, Asia Pacific, Pacific

Asia has made significant progress in financial inclusion, but both its across-country and intra-country disparities are among the highest in the world. The gaps between the rich and the poor, rural and urban popul...

1. Good Times, Uncertain Times: A Time to Prepare

1. Good Times, Uncertain Times: A Time to Prepare »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, April 2018, Asia Pacific : Good Times, Uncertain Times: A Time to Prepare

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 May 2018

ISBN: 9781484339886

The world economy continues to perform well, with strong growth and trade, rising but still muted inflation, and accommodative financial conditions, notwithstanding some increased financial mark...

Financial Inclusion in Asia-Pacific

Financial Inclusion in Asia-Pacific »

Volume/Issue: 2018/17

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Elena Loukoianova , Yongzheng Yang , Si Guo , Leni Hunter , Sarwat Jahan , Fazurin Jamaludin , and Johanna Schauer

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 September 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484371015.087

ISBN: 9781484371015

Keywords: Financial inclusion, Financial institutions, Financial services industry, Poor, financial inclusion, macroeconomic policymaking, fintech, Asia, Asia Pacific, Pacific

Asia has made significant progress in financial inclusion, but both its across-country and intra-country disparities are among the highest in the world. The gaps between the rich and the poor, rural and urban popul...

Corruption and the Rate of Temptation
			: Do Low Wages in the Civil Service Cause Corruption?

Corruption and the Rate of Temptation : Do Low Wages in the Civil Service Cause Corruption? »

Volume/Issue: 1997/73

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 1997

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451849424.001

ISBN: 9781451849424

Keywords: wage, wages, civil service, civil servants, civil service wages

This paper develops and tests two efficiency wage models of corruption in the civil service. Under fair wage models, civil service wages are an important determinant of corruption. Under shirking models, the level...

Discriminating Contagion
			: An Alternative Explanation of Contagious Currency Crises in Emerging Markets

Discriminating Contagion : An Alternative Explanation of Contagious Currency Crises in Emerging Markets »

Volume/Issue: 2000/14

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Pavan Ahluwalia

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2000

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451843118.001

ISBN: 9781451843118

Keywords: Contagion, currency crisis, balance-of-payments, exchange rate, speculative, currency crises, real exchange rate

This paper shows that a country’s vulnerability to contagious crises depends on the visible similarities between that country and other countries that are experiencing crises. A country is vulnerable to shif...