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Alternative Dual Exchange Market Regimes: Some Steady-State Comparisons

Alternative Dual Exchange Market Regimes: Some Steady-State Comparisons »

Source: IMF Staff papers : Volume 38 No. 3

Volume: 38

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1991

ISBN: 9781451973136

Keywords: current account, real exchange, real exchange rate, exchange rate, trade liberalization

Trade liberalization in developing countries is frequently opposed on the grounds that, because it is likely to cause a deterioration in the external balance, it may not be a viable policy option for countries faci...

Appendix 3 Examining the Short-Term Impact of Reducing Price Subsidies on Real Household Incomes: An Illustration

Appendix 3 Examining the Short-Term Impact of Reducing Price Subsidies on Real Household Incomes: An Illustration »

Source: Equity and Efficiency in the Reform of Price Subsidies : A Guide for Policymakers

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): Juan Cordoba , Robert Gillingham , Sanjeev Gupta , Ali Mansoor , Christian Schiller , and Marijn Verhoeven

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 December 2000

ISBN: 9781557759733

Keywords: subsidy, price subsidies, social safety nets, social protection

42. This appendix provides two competing pragmatic approaches to estimating the impact of price-subsidy reform on households in the short term....

Appendix I Hydrocarbon- and Mineral-Rich Countries, 2000–05

Appendix I Hydrocarbon- and Mineral-Rich Countries, 2000–05 »

Source: Guide on Resource Revenue Transparency (2007)

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 October 2007

ISBN: 9781589064638

Keywords: fiscal policy, eiti, fiscal transparency, fiscal regime, resource-rich countries

Table 1. Hydrocarbon-Rich Countries, 2000–05 1, 2...

Appendix II Revised Code of Good Practices on Fiscal Transparency (2007)

Appendix II Revised Code of Good Practices on Fiscal Transparency (2007) »

Source: Guide on Resource Revenue Transparency (2007)

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 October 2007

ISBN: 9781589064638

Keywords: fiscal policy, eiti, fiscal transparency, fiscal regime, resource-rich countries

I. Clarity of Roles and Responsibilities 1.1 The government sector should be distinguished from the rest of the public sector and from the rest of the economy, and policy and managem...

Appendix 1 List of Examined Countries14

Appendix 1 List of Examined Countries14 »

Source: Equity and Efficiency in the Reform of Price Subsidies : A Guide for Policymakers

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): Juan Cordoba , Robert Gillingham , Sanjeev Gupta , Ali Mansoor , Christian Schiller , and Marijn Verhoeven

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 December 2000

ISBN: 9781557759733

Keywords: subsidy, price subsidies, social safety nets, social protection

Sub-Saharan Africa: Mauritius (1992–95)*...

Appendix 2 The Nature of Price Subsidies

Appendix 2 The Nature of Price Subsidies »

Source: Equity and Efficiency in the Reform of Price Subsidies : A Guide for Policymakers

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): Juan Cordoba , Robert Gillingham , Sanjeev Gupta , Ali Mansoor , Christian Schiller , and Marijn Verhoeven

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 December 2000

ISBN: 9781557759733

Keywords: subsidy, price subsidies, social safety nets, social protection

36. A price subsidy reduces the consumer price of a good or service below what it would be in the absence of the subsidy (consumer subsidy) or increases the price received by a prod...

Automatic Fuel Pricing Mechanisms with Price Smoothing

Automatic Fuel Pricing Mechanisms with Price Smoothing »

Source: Automatic Fuel Pricing Mechanisms with Price Smoothing : Design, Implementation, and Fiscal Implications

Volume: 12

Series: Technical Notes and Manuals

Author(s): David Coady , Javier Arze del Granado , Luc Eyraud , and Anita Tuladhar

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 January 2013

ISBN: 9781475566949

Keywords: Petroleum products, price smoothing, fuel taxes, price, prices, retail, pricing, volatility

Many developing and emerging countries do not fully pass-through increases in international fuel prices to domestic retail prices, with adverse consequences for fuel tax revenues and tax volatility. The adoption of...

Capital Controls and the Gains from Trade in a Business Cycle Model of a Small Open Economy

Capital Controls and the Gains from Trade in a Business Cycle Model of a Small Open Economy »

Source: IMF Staff papers : Volume 38 No. 3

Volume: 38

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1991

ISBN: 9781451973136

Keywords: current account, real exchange, real exchange rate, exchange rate, trade liberalization

Trade liberalization in developing countries is frequently opposed on the grounds that, because it is likely to cause a deterioration in the external balance, it may not be a viable policy option for countries faci...

3. Checklist of Economic Considerations in Price-Subsidy Reform9

3. Checklist of Economic Considerations in Price-Subsidy Reform9 »

Source: Equity and Efficiency in the Reform of Price Subsidies : A Guide for Policymakers

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): Juan Cordoba , Robert Gillingham , Sanjeev Gupta , Ali Mansoor , Christian Schiller , and Marijn Verhoeven

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 December 2000

ISBN: 9781557759733

Keywords: subsidy, price subsidies, social safety nets, social protection

17. Based on the above discussion, policymakers should do the following to the extent information is available: 10 18. Assess the nature of existing subsidies—t...

Commodity Prices: Cyclical Weakness or Secular Decline?

Commodity Prices: Cyclical Weakness or Secular Decline? »

Source: IMF Staff papers : Volume 41 No. 2

Volume: 41

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1994

ISBN: 9781451947168

Keywords: commodity prices, commodity, commodity price, industrial countries, primary commodity

Primary commodities still account for the bulk of exports in many developing countries. However, real commodity prices have been declining almost continuously since the early 1980s. The appropriate policy response...