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Commodity Prices

Commodity Prices »

Source: Commodity Prices : Cyclical Weakness or Secular Decline?

Volume/Issue: 1994/7

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Peter Wickham , and Carmen Reinhart

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1994

ISBN: 9781451842371

Keywords: commodity prices, export earnings, hedging, terms of trade, commodity agreements

Primary commodities still account for the bulk of exports in many developing countries. However, real commodity prices have been declining almost continuously since the early 1980s and there is evidence of renewed...

Dread of Depreciation

Dread of Depreciation »

Source: Dread of Depreciation : Measuring Real Exchange Rate Interventions

Volume/Issue: 2002/63

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jayasri Dutta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2002

ISBN: 9781451848434

Keywords: interventions, parity conditions, exchange rates, exchange rate, real exchange rate, equation,

We specify an empirical framework to detect the effects of official intervention on real exchange rate dynamics. Using data for 27 advanced and emerging market economies, we find evidence that interventions are a n...

Financial Reforms, Financial Openness, and Corporate Borrowing

Financial Reforms, Financial Openness, and Corporate Borrowing »

Source: Financial Reforms, Financial Openness, and Corporate Borrowing : International Evidence

Volume/Issue: 2007/186

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Enrica Detragiache , Gianni De Nicolo , and Senay Agca

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2007

ISBN: 9781451867503

Keywords: Corporate leverage, debt maturity, financial reforms, financial openness, international financial markets, financial liberalization, bond, bond rating,

We study how credit market deregulation and increased international financial openness have changed corporate borrowing. The evidence comes from a large panel of publicly traded firms in 38 countries over the perio...

Commodity Prices
			: Cyclical Weakness or Secular Decline?

Commodity Prices : Cyclical Weakness or Secular Decline? »

Volume/Issue: 1994/7

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Peter Wickham , and Carmen Reinhart

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1994

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451842371.001

ISBN: 9781451842371

Keywords: commodity prices, export earnings, hedging, terms of trade, commodity agreements

Primary commodities still account for the bulk of exports in many developing countries. However, real commodity prices have been declining almost continuously since the early 1980s and there is evidence of renewed...

Dread of Depreciation
			: Measuring Real Exchange Rate Interventions

Dread of Depreciation : Measuring Real Exchange Rate Interventions »

Volume/Issue: 2002/63

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jayasri Dutta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2002

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451848434.001

ISBN: 9781451848434

Keywords: interventions, parity conditions, exchange rates, exchange rate, real exchange rate, equation,

We specify an empirical framework to detect the effects of official intervention on real exchange rate dynamics. Using data for 27 advanced and emerging market economies, we find evidence that interventions are a n...

Financial Reforms, Financial Openness, and Corporate Borrowing
			: International Evidence

Financial Reforms, Financial Openness, and Corporate Borrowing : International Evidence »

Volume/Issue: 2007/186

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Enrica Detragiache , Gianni De Nicolo , and Senay Agca

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451867503.001

ISBN: 9781451867503

Keywords: Corporate leverage, debt maturity, financial reforms, financial openness, international financial markets, financial liberalization, bond, bond rating,

We study how credit market deregulation and increased international financial openness have changed corporate borrowing. The evidence comes from a large panel of publicly traded firms in 38 countries over the perio...