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Assessing Competitiveness and Real Exchange Rate Misalignment in Low-Income Countries

Assessing Competitiveness and Real Exchange Rate Misalignment in Low-Income Countries »

Source: Assessing Competitiveness and Real Exchange Rate Misalignment in Low-Income Countries

Volume/Issue: 2007/201

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mark Lewis , Aurelie Martin , and Gabriel Di Bella

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2007

ISBN: 9781451867657

Keywords: Competitiveness, Equilibrium Exchange Rates, Low-Income Countries, reer, exchange rate, export volume, exchange rates, real exchange rate, Comparative Studies of Countries,

Assessing a country's competitiveness routinely starts with an analysis of the real exchange rate. However, in low-income countries, empirical analysis of the real exchange rate is often subject to important limita...

Corruption and the Provision of Health Care and Education Services

Corruption and the Provision of Health Care and Education Services »

Source: Corruption and the Provision of Health Care and Education Services

Volume/Issue: 2000/116

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Erwin Tiongson , Hamid Davoodi , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2000

ISBN: 9781451853926

Keywords: public provision, infant mortality, child mortality, births, public health

Government intervention to correct market failures is often accompanied by government failures and corruption. This is no more evident than in social sectors that are characterized by significant market failures an...

Corruption Around the World

Corruption Around the World »

Source: Corruption Around the World : Causes, Consequences, Scope, and Cures

Volume/Issue: 1998/63

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Vito Tanzi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1998

ISBN: 9781451848397

Keywords: role of state, regulations, bribes, wages, salaries, wage, bribe

Corruption is attracting a lot of attention around the world. The paper surveys and discusses issues related to the causes, consequences, and scope of corruption and possible corrective actions. It emphasizes the c...

Ethnic Diversity, Democracy, and Corruption1

Ethnic Diversity, Democracy, and Corruption1 »

Source: Ethnic Diversity, Democracy, and Corruption

Volume/Issue: 2007/218

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Etienne Yehoue

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2007

ISBN: 9781451867824

Keywords: Ethnic Fractionalization, Democracy, voters, ethnic group, voter, ethnic groups,

I study the link between ethnic diversity, democracy, and corruption. In a static model, I show that contrary to conventional wisdom, corruption might emerge as a negative externality of democracy. This occurs thro...

Evidenceon the Fiscal and Macroeconomic Impact of Privatization

Evidenceon the Fiscal and Macroeconomic Impact of Privatization »

Source: Evidenceon the Fiscal and Macroeconomic Impact of Privatization

Volume/Issue: 2000/130

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Steven Barnett

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2000

ISBN: 9781451855180

Keywords: privatization proceeds, impact of privatization, equation, samples

This paper empirically investigates the relationship between privatization and measures of fiscal and macroeconomic performance. One of the main findings is that privatization proceeds transferred to the budget ten...

Food Prices and Political Instability

Food Prices and Political Instability »

Source: Food Prices and Political Instability

Volume/Issue: 2011/62

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rabah Arezki , and Markus Bruckner

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2011

ISBN: 9781455221066

Keywords: Conflict, Political Institutions, food price, food production, food insecurity, food consumption, Economic Systems: General, General,

We examine the effects that variations in the international food prices have on democracy and intra-state conflict using panel data for over 120 countries during the period 1970-2007. Our main finding is that in Lo...

Foreign Aid and Revenue

Foreign Aid and Revenue »

Source: Foreign Aid and Revenue : Still a Crowding Out Effect?

Volume/Issue: 2012/186

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ernesto Crivelli , Sanjeev Gupta , Priscilla Muthoora , and Dora Benedek

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2012

ISBN: 9781475505344

Keywords: tax revenues, tax revenue, total tax revenue

This paper reexamines the relationship between aid and domestic tax revenues using a more recent and comprehensive dataset covering 118 countries for the period 1980 - 2009. Overall, our results support earlier fin...

Identifying Constraints to Financial Inclusion and Their Impact on GDP and Inequality

Identifying Constraints to Financial Inclusion and Their Impact on GDP and Inequality »

Source: Identifying Constraints to Financial Inclusion and Their Impact on GDP and Inequality : A Structural Framework for Policy

Volume/Issue: 2015/22

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Era Dabla-Norris , Yan Ji , Robert Townsend , and Filiz Unsal

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 January 2015

ISBN: 9781498381598

Keywords: Financial inclusion, inequality, hetergenous agents, income, credit, gdp, wealth, equilibrium, Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy, Other

We develop a micro-founded general equilibrium model with heterogeneous agents to identify pertinent constraints to financial inclusion. We evaluate quantitatively the policy impacts of relaxing each of these const...

Corruption and the Provision of Health Care and Education Services

Corruption and the Provision of Health Care and Education Services »

Volume/Issue: 2000/116

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Erwin Tiongson , Hamid Davoodi , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2000

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451853926.001

ISBN: 9781451853926

Keywords: public provision, infant mortality, child mortality, births, public health

Government intervention to correct market failures is often accompanied by government failures and corruption. This is no more evident than in social sectors that are characterized by significant market failures an...

Corruption Around the World
			: Causes, Consequences, Scope, and Cures

Corruption Around the World : Causes, Consequences, Scope, and Cures »

Volume/Issue: 1998/63

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Vito Tanzi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1998

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451848397.001

ISBN: 9781451848397

Keywords: role of state, regulations, bribes, wages, salaries, wage, bribe

Corruption is attracting a lot of attention around the world. The paper surveys and discusses issues related to the causes, consequences, and scope of corruption and possible corrective actions. It emphasizes the c...