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The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Frank Eich , Sanjeev Gupta , Alvar Kangur , Baoping Shang , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 January 2016

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504979971.084

ISBN: 9787504979971

Keywords: Pension reforms, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Pensions, Government expenditures, Cross country analysis, emerging market economies, retirement, pensions, pension spending

Pension reform is high on the policy agenda of many advanced and emerging market economies. In advanced economies the challenge is generally to contain future increases in public pension spending as the population...

The GATS Agreementon Financial Services

The GATS Agreementon Financial Services »

Source: The GATS Agreementon Financial Services : A Modest Start to Multilateral Liberalization

Volume/Issue: 1997/55

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Piritta Sorsa

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1997

ISBN: 9781451969221

Keywords: financial sector, financial services, market access, mfn, financial sector development

This paper analyzes the links between multilateral, and unilateral financial liberalization, the former represented by the General Agreements on Trade in Services (GATS). It provides an overview of the main feature...

Soft Power and Exchange Rate Volatility

Soft Power and Exchange Rate Volatility »

Volume/Issue: 2015/63

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Serhan Cevik , Richard Harris , and Fatih Yilmaz

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 March 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475530520.001

ISBN: 9781475530520

Keywords: Exchange rate volatility, exchange, exchange rate, volatility, exchange rates, trade, Time-Series Models, International Monetary Arrangements and Institutions,

Standard models-based exclusively on macro-financial variables-have made little progress in explaining the behavior of exchange rates. In this paper, we introduce a neglected set of 'soft power' factors capturing...

The GATS Agreementon Financial Services
			: A Modest Start to Multilateral Liberalization

The GATS Agreementon Financial Services : A Modest Start to Multilateral Liberalization »

Volume/Issue: 1997/55

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Piritta Sorsa

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1997

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451969221.001

ISBN: 9781451969221

Keywords: financial sector, financial services, market access, mfn, financial sector development

This paper analyzes the links between multilateral, and unilateral financial liberalization, the former represented by the General Agreements on Trade in Services (GATS). It provides an overview of the main feature...

The Long-Run Effects of Tradeon Income and Income Growth

The Long-Run Effects of Tradeon Income and Income Growth »

Volume/Issue: 2003/37

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Allan Brunner

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2003

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451845594.001

ISBN: 9781451845594

Keywords: panel data model, trade share, gdp per capita, bilateral trade, growth rate, international trade, Economic Growth of Open Economies, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development, Comparative Analysis of Economic Systems,

This paper examines the dynamic relationship between trade and income. While most economists agree that increased trade leads to an increase in average income, economic theory is ambiguous about the possible effect...

The Long-Run Effects of Tradeon Income and Income Growth

The Long-Run Effects of Tradeon Income and Income Growth »

Source: The Long-Run Effects of Tradeon Income and Income Growth

Volume/Issue: 2003/37

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Allan Brunner

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2003

ISBN: 9781451845594

Keywords: panel data model, trade share, gdp per capita, bilateral trade, growth rate, international trade, Economic Growth of Open Economies, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development, Comparative Analysis of Economic Systems,

This paper examines the dynamic relationship between trade and income. While most economists agree that increased trade leads to an increase in average income, economic theory is ambiguous about the possible effect...

Soft Power and Exchange Rate Volatility

Soft Power and Exchange Rate Volatility »

Source: Soft Power and Exchange Rate Volatility

Volume/Issue: 2015/63

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Serhan Cevik , Richard Harris , and Fatih Yilmaz

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 March 2015

ISBN: 9781475530520

Keywords: Exchange rate volatility, exchange, exchange rate, volatility, exchange rates, trade, Time-Series Models, International Monetary Arrangements and Institutions,

Standard models-based exclusively on macro-financial variables-have made little progress in explaining the behavior of exchange rates. In this paper, we introduce a neglected set of 'soft power' factors capturing...