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The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Frank Eich , Sanjeev Gupta , Alvar Kangur , Baoping Shang , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 January 2016

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504979971.084

ISBN: 9787504979971

Keywords: Pension reforms, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Pensions, Government expenditures, Cross country analysis, emerging market economies, retirement, pensions, pension spending

Pension reform is high on the policy agenda of many advanced and emerging market economies. In advanced economies the challenge is generally to contain future increases in public pension spending as the population...

Export Credit Cover Policies and Payments Difficulties

Export Credit Cover Policies and Payments Difficulties »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Chanpen Puckahtikom , and Eduard Brau

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 August 1985

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9780939934492.084

ISBN: 9780939934492

Keywords: export credit, export credit agencies, debtor countries, export credits, debtor country

In the current environment of payments difficulties, a principal role of the Fund remains the encouragement and support of timely adjustment policies of member countries....

Back Matter

Back Matter »

Source: Export Credit Cover Policies and Payments Difficulties

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Chanpen Puckahtikom , and Eduard Brau

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 August 1985

ISBN: 9780939934492

Keywords: export credit, export credit agencies, debtor countries, export credits, debtor country

In the current environment of payments difficulties, a principal role of the Fund remains the encouragement and support of timely adjustment policies of member countries....

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: Export Credit Cover Policies and Payments Difficulties

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Chanpen Puckahtikom , and Eduard Brau

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 August 1985

ISBN: 9780939934492

Keywords: export credit, export credit agencies, debtor countries, export credits, debtor country

In the current environment of payments difficulties, a principal role of the Fund remains the encouragement and support of timely adjustment policies of member countries....

I Executive Summary

I Executive Summary »

Source: The Role of the Exchange Rate in Inflation-Targeting Emerging Economies : Targeting Emerging Economies

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Anna Nordstrom , Scott Roger , Mark Stone , Seiichi Shimizu , Turgut Kisinbay , and Jorge Restrepo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 November 2009

ISBN: 9781589067967

Keywords: Developing countries, Central bank role, Emerging markets, Exchange rates, Inflation targeting, exchange rate, foreign exchange, inflation, monetary policy

The exchange rate plays a more important role in monetary policy for emerging economies that have adopted inflation targeting than for their advanced economy counterparts. Inflation-targeting emerging econom...

I Summary of Conclusions

I Summary of Conclusions »

Source: Export Credit Cover Policies and Payments Difficulties

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Chanpen Puckahtikom , and Eduard Brau

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 August 1985

ISBN: 9780939934492

Keywords: export credit, export credit agencies, debtor countries, export credits, debtor country

In the current environment of payments difficulties, a principal role of the Fund remains the encouragement and support of timely adjustment policies of member countries. For their adjustment efforts to be s...

II Introduction

II Introduction »

Source: The Role of the Exchange Rate in Inflation-Targeting Emerging Economies : Targeting Emerging Economies

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Anna Nordstrom , Scott Roger , Mark Stone , Seiichi Shimizu , Turgut Kisinbay , and Jorge Restrepo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 November 2009

ISBN: 9781589067967

Keywords: Developing countries, Central bank role, Emerging markets, Exchange rates, Inflation targeting, exchange rate, foreign exchange, inflation, monetary policy

The exchange rate plays a larger role in monetary policy for inflation-targeting emerging economies than for inflation-targeting advanced economies. Inflation-targeting emerging economies have less flexible...

II Principles and Traditional Practices of Export Credit Agencies

II Principles and Traditional Practices of Export Credit Agencies »

Source: Export Credit Cover Policies and Payments Difficulties

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Chanpen Puckahtikom , and Eduard Brau

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 August 1985

ISBN: 9780939934492

Keywords: export credit, export credit agencies, debtor countries, export credits, debtor country

Objectives of the Agencies In broad terms, the agencies share the economic objectives of export promotion and maintenance of financial balance (i.e., the self-supporting principle) o...

III Policies and Practices After Onset of Debt-Servicing Difficulties in 1982

III Policies and Practices After Onset of Debt-Servicing Difficulties in 1982 »

Source: Export Credit Cover Policies and Payments Difficulties

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Chanpen Puckahtikom , and Eduard Brau

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 August 1985

ISBN: 9780939934492

Keywords: export credit, export credit agencies, debtor countries, export credits, debtor country

Repercussions of Recent Debt Difficulties There was a consensus among the agencies that the recent debt-servicing difficulties have seriously affected the agencies’ financial operati...

III Why the Exchange Rate Plays a Large Role in Emerging Economies

III Why the Exchange Rate Plays a Large Role in Emerging Economies »

Source: The Role of the Exchange Rate in Inflation-Targeting Emerging Economies : Targeting Emerging Economies

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Anna Nordstrom , Scott Roger , Mark Stone , Seiichi Shimizu , Turgut Kisinbay , and Jorge Restrepo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 November 2009

ISBN: 9781589067967

Keywords: Developing countries, Central bank role, Emerging markets, Exchange rates, Inflation targeting, exchange rate, foreign exchange, inflation, monetary policy

This section addresses why the exchange rate plays a more important policy and operational role for emerging economies than for advanced economies. In short, the channels between the exchange rate and econom...