Browse

You are looking at 1 - 10 of 44 items :

  • New Zealand x
  • Money and Monetary Policy x
  • Books and Analytical Papers x
Clear All
2 Adjustment and Internal-External Balance

2 Adjustment and Internal-External Balance »

Source: Macroeconomic Management : Programs and Policies

Series: Books

Author(s): Chorng-Huey Wong , Mohsin Khan , and Saleh Nsouli

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 April 2002

ISBN: 9781589060944

Keywords: inflation, exchange rate, real exchange rate, monetary policy, exchange rates

This chapter provides a framework for determining the appropriate mix of monetary, fiscal, and exchange rate policies for correcting macroeconomic imbalances. It discusses the design of macroeconomic adjustm...

9 Assessment of the Fiscal Balance

9 Assessment of the Fiscal Balance »

Source: Macroeconomic Management : Programs and Policies

Series: Books

Author(s): Chorng-Huey Wong , Mohsin Khan , and Saleh Nsouli

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 April 2002

ISBN: 9781589060944

Keywords: inflation, exchange rate, real exchange rate, monetary policy, exchange rates

One of the primary goals of fiscal policy is to contribute to price stabilization in the context of a sustainable balance of payments. 1 To attain this objective, public sector fi...

CHAPTER 5: Conclusions

CHAPTER 5: Conclusions »

Source: Fiscal Risks : Sources, Disclosure, and Management

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Lusine Lusinyan , Aliona Cebotari , Ricardo Velloso , Jeffrey Davis , Amine Mati , Murray Petrie , and Paolo Mauro

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 January 2009

ISBN: 9781589067905

Keywords: Budgets, Debt sustainability, Government expenditures, Fiscal sustainability, Public debt, Risk management, fiscal risks, contingent liabilities, fiscal risk, fiscal transparency

Various types of shocks cause fiscal outcomes to deviate from budgets and expectations—often by large amounts. Evidence presented in this paper has shown that macroeconomic shocks and calls on contingent lia...

CHAPTER 3: Fiscal Risk Disclosure and Management: International Experience

CHAPTER 3: Fiscal Risk Disclosure and Management: International Experience »

Source: Fiscal Risks : Sources, Disclosure, and Management

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Lusine Lusinyan , Aliona Cebotari , Ricardo Velloso , Jeffrey Davis , Amine Mati , Murray Petrie , and Paolo Mauro

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 January 2009

ISBN: 9781589067905

Keywords: Budgets, Debt sustainability, Government expenditures, Fiscal sustainability, Public debt, Risk management, fiscal risks, contingent liabilities, fiscal risk, fiscal transparency

This section analyzes the international experience with respect to fiscal risk disclosure and management. In the area of disclosure, the section reviews international standards and transparency...

CHAPTER 4: Fiscal Risk Disclosure and Management: Lessons

CHAPTER 4: Fiscal Risk Disclosure and Management: Lessons »

Source: Fiscal Risks : Sources, Disclosure, and Management

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Lusine Lusinyan , Aliona Cebotari , Ricardo Velloso , Jeffrey Davis , Amine Mati , Murray Petrie , and Paolo Mauro

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 January 2009

ISBN: 9781589067905

Keywords: Budgets, Debt sustainability, Government expenditures, Fiscal sustainability, Public debt, Risk management, fiscal risks, contingent liabilities, fiscal risk, fiscal transparency

This section draws some broad lessons from the international experience, recognizing that approaches differ on some issues. It then presents a more detailed set of Guidelines for Fiscal Risk Dis...

CHAPTER 1: Introduction

CHAPTER 1: Introduction »

Source: Fiscal Risks : Sources, Disclosure, and Management

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Lusine Lusinyan , Aliona Cebotari , Ricardo Velloso , Jeffrey Davis , Amine Mati , Murray Petrie , and Paolo Mauro

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 January 2009

ISBN: 9781589067905

Keywords: Budgets, Debt sustainability, Government expenditures, Fiscal sustainability, Public debt, Risk management, fiscal risks, contingent liabilities, fiscal risk, fiscal transparency

Fiscal outturns often differ substantially from budget or other fiscal projections, owing to shocks such as deviations of economic growth from expectations, terms of trade shocks, natural disast...

CHAPTER 2: Sources of Fiscal Risk

CHAPTER 2: Sources of Fiscal Risk »

Source: Fiscal Risks : Sources, Disclosure, and Management

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Lusine Lusinyan , Aliona Cebotari , Ricardo Velloso , Jeffrey Davis , Amine Mati , Murray Petrie , and Paolo Mauro

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 January 2009

ISBN: 9781589067905

Keywords: Budgets, Debt sustainability, Government expenditures, Fiscal sustainability, Public debt, Risk management, fiscal risks, contingent liabilities, fiscal risk, fiscal transparency

Fiscal risks—deviations of fiscal outcomes from what was expected at the time of the budget or other forecast—arise from macroeconomic shocks and the realization of contingent liabilities. Sourc...

5 Current Account Sustainability

5 Current Account Sustainability »

Source: Macroeconomic Management : Programs and Policies

Series: Books

Author(s): Chorng-Huey Wong , Mohsin Khan , and Saleh Nsouli

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 April 2002

ISBN: 9781589060944

Keywords: inflation, exchange rate, real exchange rate, monetary policy, exchange rates

The current account of the balance of payments is an important variable for policymakers. Deficits in the external current account are the result of the accumulation of net claims of foreigners on residents....

Fiscal Risks
			: Sources, Disclosure, and Management

Fiscal Risks : Sources, Disclosure, and Management »

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Lusine Lusinyan , Aliona Cebotari , Ricardo Velloso , Jeffrey Davis , Amine Mati , Murray Petrie , and Paolo Mauro

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 January 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589067905.087

ISBN: 9781589067905

Keywords: Budgets, Debt sustainability, Government expenditures, Fiscal sustainability, Public debt, Risk management, fiscal risks, contingent liabilities, fiscal risk, fiscal transparency

This paper analyzes the main sources of fiscal risks, including from unexpected changes in macroeconomic variables and banking crises, which can have major consequences for countries fiscal and public debt sustaina...

10 Determinants of Nominal Exchange Rates: A Survey of the Literature

10 Determinants of Nominal Exchange Rates: A Survey of the Literature »

Source: Macroeconomic Management : Programs and Policies

Series: Books

Author(s): Chorng-Huey Wong , Mohsin Khan , and Saleh Nsouli

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 April 2002

ISBN: 9781589060944

Keywords: inflation, exchange rate, real exchange rate, monetary policy, exchange rates

Traditional models of exchange rate determination have focused on three types of explanatory variables: national price levels, interest rates, and the balance of payments. Although the perception that exchan...