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1 Banks

1 Banks »

Source: Taxing the Financial Sector : Concepts, Issues, and Practice

Series: Books

Author(s): Howell Zee

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 April 2004

ISBN: 9781589063167

Keywords: financial services, financial institutions, pension, life insurance, tax rules

Traditionally, the core functions of banking were to (1) accept money from, and collect checks for, customers; (2) honor checks for orders drawn on them by customers; (3) keep current accounts, or something...

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Frank Eich , Sanjeev Gupta , Alvar Kangur , Baoping Shang , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 January 2016

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504979971.084

ISBN: 9787504979971

Keywords: Pension reforms, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Pensions, Government expenditures, Cross country analysis, emerging market economies, retirement, pensions, pension spending

Pension reform is high on the policy agenda of many advanced and emerging market economies. In advanced economies the challenge is generally to contain future increases in public pension spending as the population...

5 Financial Services and the Value-Added Tax*

5 Financial Services and the Value-Added Tax* »

Source: Taxing the Financial Sector : Concepts, Issues, and Practice

Series: Books

Author(s): Howell Zee

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 April 2004

ISBN: 9781589063167

Keywords: financial services, financial institutions, pension, life insurance, tax rules

The value-added tax (VAT) has been adopted in over 100 countries. While the VAT base has been expanded in many countries to cover a wider range of goods and services, most countries with a VAT have not broug...

Growth Forecast Errors and  Fiscal Multipliers

Growth Forecast Errors and Fiscal Multipliers »

Source: Growth Forecast Errors and Fiscal Multipliers

Volume/Issue: 2013/1

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Olivier Blanchard , and Daniel Leigh

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 January 2013

ISBN: 9781475576443

Keywords: government expenditure, output fluctuations, fiscal consolidation, fiscal multipliers, growth forecast, fiscal balance, General, General, Forecasts of Budgets, Deficits

This paper investigates the relation between growth forecast errors and planned fiscal consolidation during the crisis. We find that, in advanced economies, stronger planned fiscal consolidation has been associated...

I Executive Summary

I Executive Summary »

Source: The Role of the Exchange Rate in Inflation-Targeting Emerging Economies : Targeting Emerging Economies

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Anna Nordstrom , Scott Roger , Mark Stone , Seiichi Shimizu , Turgut Kisinbay , and Jorge Restrepo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 November 2009

ISBN: 9781589067967

Keywords: Developing countries, Central bank role, Emerging markets, Exchange rates, Inflation targeting, exchange rate, foreign exchange, inflation, monetary policy

The exchange rate plays a more important role in monetary policy for emerging economies that have adopted inflation targeting than for their advanced economy counterparts. Inflation-targeting emerging econom...

II Introduction

II Introduction »

Source: The Role of the Exchange Rate in Inflation-Targeting Emerging Economies : Targeting Emerging Economies

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Anna Nordstrom , Scott Roger , Mark Stone , Seiichi Shimizu , Turgut Kisinbay , and Jorge Restrepo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 November 2009

ISBN: 9781589067967

Keywords: Developing countries, Central bank role, Emerging markets, Exchange rates, Inflation targeting, exchange rate, foreign exchange, inflation, monetary policy

The exchange rate plays a larger role in monetary policy for inflation-targeting emerging economies than for inflation-targeting advanced economies. Inflation-targeting emerging economies have less flexible...

III Why the Exchange Rate Plays a Large Role in Emerging Economies

III Why the Exchange Rate Plays a Large Role in Emerging Economies »

Source: The Role of the Exchange Rate in Inflation-Targeting Emerging Economies : Targeting Emerging Economies

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Anna Nordstrom , Scott Roger , Mark Stone , Seiichi Shimizu , Turgut Kisinbay , and Jorge Restrepo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 November 2009

ISBN: 9781589067967

Keywords: Developing countries, Central bank role, Emerging markets, Exchange rates, Inflation targeting, exchange rate, foreign exchange, inflation, monetary policy

This section addresses why the exchange rate plays a more important policy and operational role for emerging economies than for advanced economies. In short, the channels between the exchange rate and econom...

Growth Forecast Errors and  Fiscal Multipliers

Growth Forecast Errors and Fiscal Multipliers »

Volume/Issue: 2013/1

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Olivier Blanchard , and Daniel Leigh

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 January 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475576443.001

ISBN: 9781475576443

Keywords: government expenditure, output fluctuations, fiscal consolidation, fiscal multipliers, growth forecast, fiscal balance, General, General, Forecasts of Budgets, Deficits

This paper investigates the relation between growth forecast errors and planned fiscal consolidation during the crisis. We find that, in advanced economies, stronger planned fiscal consolidation has been associated...

4 Innovative Financial Instruments

4 Innovative Financial Instruments »

Source: Taxing the Financial Sector : Concepts, Issues, and Practice

Series: Books

Author(s): Howell Zee

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 April 2004

ISBN: 9781589063167

Keywords: financial services, financial institutions, pension, life insurance, tax rules

The term “innovative financial instruments” is generally taken to mean financial derivatives. A financial derivative (henceforth, simply derivative) is a financial instrument whose price depends on, or is de...

2 Insurance Companies

2 Insurance Companies »

Source: Taxing the Financial Sector : Concepts, Issues, and Practice

Series: Books

Author(s): Howell Zee

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 April 2004

ISBN: 9781589063167

Keywords: financial services, financial institutions, pension, life insurance, tax rules

Insurers are important financial intermediaries. They play a significant role in the financial system as vehicles for savings (policy premiums are not used immediately to meet claims; they are instead invest...