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Commodity Prices

Commodity Prices »

Source: Commodity Prices : Cyclical Weakness or Secular Decline?

Volume/Issue: 1994/7

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Peter Wickham , and Carmen Reinhart

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1994

ISBN: 9781451842371

Keywords: commodity prices, export earnings, hedging, terms of trade, commodity agreements

Primary commodities still account for the bulk of exports in many developing countries. However, real commodity prices have been declining almost continuously since the early 1980s and there is evidence of renewed...

Financial Reforms, Financial Openness, and Corporate Borrowing

Financial Reforms, Financial Openness, and Corporate Borrowing »

Source: Financial Reforms, Financial Openness, and Corporate Borrowing : International Evidence

Volume/Issue: 2007/186

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Enrica Detragiache , Gianni De Nicolo , and Senay Agca

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2007

ISBN: 9781451867503

Keywords: Corporate leverage, debt maturity, financial reforms, financial openness, international financial markets, financial liberalization, bond, bond rating,

We study how credit market deregulation and increased international financial openness have changed corporate borrowing. The evidence comes from a large panel of publicly traded firms in 38 countries over the perio...

Commodity Prices
			: Cyclical Weakness or Secular Decline?

Commodity Prices : Cyclical Weakness or Secular Decline? »

Volume/Issue: 1994/7

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Peter Wickham , and Carmen Reinhart

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1994

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451842371.001

ISBN: 9781451842371

Keywords: commodity prices, export earnings, hedging, terms of trade, commodity agreements

Primary commodities still account for the bulk of exports in many developing countries. However, real commodity prices have been declining almost continuously since the early 1980s and there is evidence of renewed...

Financial Reforms, Financial Openness, and Corporate Borrowing
			: International Evidence

Financial Reforms, Financial Openness, and Corporate Borrowing : International Evidence »

Volume/Issue: 2007/186

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Enrica Detragiache , Gianni De Nicolo , and Senay Agca

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451867503.001

ISBN: 9781451867503

Keywords: Corporate leverage, debt maturity, financial reforms, financial openness, international financial markets, financial liberalization, bond, bond rating,

We study how credit market deregulation and increased international financial openness have changed corporate borrowing. The evidence comes from a large panel of publicly traded firms in 38 countries over the perio...

The Suitability of ASEAN for a Regional Currency Arrangement

The Suitability of ASEAN for a Regional Currency Arrangement »

Volume/Issue: 1999/162

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Paolo Mauro , and Tamim Bayoumi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1999

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451857856.001

ISBN: 9781451857856

Keywords: ASEAN, EMU, exchange rates, exchange rate, regional trade, exchange rate variability, economic integration

This paper examines the costs, benefits, preconditions, and implications of an Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) regional currency arrangement that is assumed to culminate in a regional currency. On ec...

What Drives Household Borrowing and Credit Constraints? Evidence from Bosnia and Herzegovina

What Drives Household Borrowing and Credit Constraints? Evidence from Bosnia and Herzegovina »

Volume/Issue: 2008/202

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ke Chen Chen , and Mali Chivakul

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451870602.001

ISBN: 9781451870602

Keywords: household debt, credit constraints, probability, credit market, credit constraint, equation, Bosnia, Herzegovina,

Although Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH) has experienced rapid growth in credit to households in recent years, most individuals are still credit constrained. This paper analyzes the determinants of household credit de...

The Suitability of ASEAN for a Regional Currency Arrangement1

The Suitability of ASEAN for a Regional Currency Arrangement1 »

Source: The Suitability of ASEAN for a Regional Currency Arrangement

Volume/Issue: 1999/162

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Paolo Mauro , and Tamim Bayoumi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1999

ISBN: 9781451857856

Keywords: ASEAN, EMU, exchange rates, exchange rate, regional trade, exchange rate variability, economic integration

This paper examines the costs, benefits, preconditions, and implications of an Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) regional currency arrangement that is assumed to culminate in a regional currency. On ec...

What Drives Household Borrowing and Credit Constraints? Evidence from Bosnia and Herzegovina

What Drives Household Borrowing and Credit Constraints? Evidence from Bosnia and Herzegovina »

Source: What Drives Household Borrowing and Credit Constraints? Evidence from Bosnia and Herzegovina

Volume/Issue: 2008/202

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ke Chen Chen , and Mali Chivakul

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2008

ISBN: 9781451870602

Keywords: household debt, credit constraints, probability, credit market, credit constraint, equation, Bosnia, Herzegovina,

Although Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH) has experienced rapid growth in credit to households in recent years, most individuals are still credit constrained. This paper analyzes the determinants of household credit de...