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Commodity Prices

Commodity Prices »

Source: Commodity Prices : Cyclical Weakness or Secular Decline?

Volume/Issue: 1994/7

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Peter Wickham , and Carmen Reinhart

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1994

ISBN: 9781451842371

Keywords: commodity prices, export earnings, hedging, terms of trade, commodity agreements

Primary commodities still account for the bulk of exports in many developing countries. However, real commodity prices have been declining almost continuously since the early 1980s and there is evidence of renewed...

Currency Crises and Foreign Reserves

Currency Crises and Foreign Reserves »

Source: Currency Crises and Foreign Reserves : A Simple Model

Volume/Issue: 2001/18

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Piti Disyatat

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2001

ISBN: 9781451843644

Keywords: Currency Crisis, Speculative Attacks, Borrowing Reserves, capital controls, external borrowing, central bank, domestic currency, Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit: General

This paper addresses the important question of how far a government will run down its stock of foreign reserves in a defense of a fixed exchange rate. An optimizing model of currency crisis is presented in which th...

Exchange Market Pressure and Monetary Policy: Asia and Latin America in the 1990s

Exchange Market Pressure and Monetary Policy: Asia and Latin America in the 1990s »

Source: IMF Staff Papers, Volume 47, No. 3

Volume: 47

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 October 2001

ISBN: 9781451973747

Keywords: investors, investment, foreign investors, investor, investment decisions

This paper provides an overview of the recent theoretical and empirical research on herd behavior in financial markets. It looks at what precisely is meant by herding, the causes of herd behavior, the success of ex...

The IMF and the force of History

The IMF and the force of History »

Source: The IMF and the force of History : Ten Events and Ten Ideas that Have Shaped the Institution

Volume/Issue: 2004/75

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): James Boughton

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2004

ISBN: 9781451849769

Keywords: postwar economic history, international financial institutions, monetary fund, inflation, monetary policy, international monetary system, International Monetary Arrangements and Institutions, Economic History: Financial Markets and Institutions: General, International, or Comparative,

The International Monetary Fund was designed during World War II by men whose worldview had been shaped by the Great War and the Great Depression. Their views on how the postwar international monetary system should...

Multi-Country Report
			: Ensuring Financial Stability in Countries with Islamic Banking-Case Studies-Press Release; Staff Report

Multi-Country Report : Ensuring Financial Stability in Countries with Islamic Banking-Case Studies-Press Release; Staff Report »

Volume/Issue: 2017/145

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 June 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484302996.002

ISBN: 9781484302996

Keywords: Asia and Pacific, Bahrain, Djibouti, Europe, Indonesia, Kenya, Kuwait, Malaysia, Middle East, Nigeria

This paper presents country experiences with reforms to strengthen regulatory oversight of the Islamic banking sector. Based on the selected country experiences, a number of important lessons and policy options can...

Commodity Prices
			: Cyclical Weakness or Secular Decline?

Commodity Prices : Cyclical Weakness or Secular Decline? »

Volume/Issue: 1994/7

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Peter Wickham , and Carmen Reinhart

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1994

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451842371.001

ISBN: 9781451842371

Keywords: commodity prices, export earnings, hedging, terms of trade, commodity agreements

Primary commodities still account for the bulk of exports in many developing countries. However, real commodity prices have been declining almost continuously since the early 1980s and there is evidence of renewed...

Currency Crises and Foreign Reserves
			: A Simple Model

Currency Crises and Foreign Reserves : A Simple Model »

Volume/Issue: 2001/18

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Piti Disyatat

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2001

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451843644.001

ISBN: 9781451843644

Keywords: Currency Crisis, Speculative Attacks, Borrowing Reserves, capital controls, external borrowing, central bank, domestic currency, Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit: General

This paper addresses the important question of how far a government will run down its stock of foreign reserves in a defense of a fixed exchange rate. An optimizing model of currency crisis is presented in which th...

Interest Rate Defenses of Currency Pegs

Interest Rate Defenses of Currency Pegs »

Volume/Issue: 2004/85

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Juan Sole

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2004

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451850789.001

ISBN: 9781451850789

Keywords: bond, central bank, bonds, domestic currency, interest rate policy, Open Economy Macroeconomics,

This paper studies a policy often used to defend a currency peg: raising short-term interest rates. The rationale for this policy is to stem demand for foreign reserves. Yet, this mechanism is absent from most mone...

The IMF and the force of History
			: Ten Events and Ten Ideas that Have Shaped the Institution

The IMF and the force of History : Ten Events and Ten Ideas that Have Shaped the Institution »

Volume/Issue: 2004/75

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): James Boughton

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2004

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451849769.001

ISBN: 9781451849769

Keywords: postwar economic history, international financial institutions, monetary fund, inflation, monetary policy, international monetary system, International Monetary Arrangements and Institutions, Economic History: Financial Markets and Institutions: General, International, or Comparative,

The International Monetary Fund was designed during World War II by men whose worldview had been shaped by the Great War and the Great Depression. Their views on how the postwar international monetary system should...

Trade and Industrial Location with Heterogeneous Labor

Trade and Industrial Location with Heterogeneous Labor »

Volume/Issue: 2004/103

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2004

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451852721.001

ISBN: 9781451852721

Keywords: Agglomeration, matching, spatial mismatch, interregional trade, trade costs, skilled workers, free trade, Models of Trade with Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies, Labor Contracts, Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity

We show in the context of a new economic geography model that when labor is heterogenous trade liberalization may lead to industrial agglomeration and interregional trade. Labor heterogeneity gives local monopoly p...