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The Complier Pays Principle

The Complier Pays Principle »

Source: The Complier Pays Principle : The Limits of Fiscal Approaches toward Sustainable Forest Management

Volume/Issue: 2000/51

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Luc Leruth , R. Paris , and I. Ruzicka

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2000

ISBN: 9781451847109

Keywords: Sustainable management, forestry taxation, forest, forest management, environmental damage, forests, sustainable forest management

This paper examines the role and impact of taxation on sustainable forest management. It is shown that fiscal instruments neither reinforce nor substitute for traditional regulatory approaches. Far from encouraging...

Export Quality in Developing Countries

Export Quality in Developing Countries »

Source: Export Quality in Developing Countries

Volume/Issue: 2013/108

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Christian Henn , Chris Papageorgiou , and Nicola Spatafora

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 May 2013

ISBN: 9781484351635

Keywords: Product Quality, Upgrading, export quality, exporter, exporters, commodity exporters, Country and Industry Studies of Trade, Information and Product Quality,

This paper develops new, far more extensive estimates of export quality, covering 178 countries and hundreds of products over 1962–2010. Quality upgrading is particularly rapid during the early stages of dev...

From Toronto Terms to the HIPC Initiative

From Toronto Terms to the HIPC Initiative »

Source: From Toronto Terms to the HIPC Initiative : A Brief History of Debt Relief for Low-Income Countries

Volume/Issue: 1999/142

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Christina Daseking , and Robert Powell

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 1999

ISBN: 9781451856231

Keywords: External Debt, HIPCs, Low-Income Countries, debt, debt reduction, debt relief, creditors, debt service

The low-income country debt crisis had its origins in weak macroeconomic policies, and official creditors’ willingness to take risks unacceptable to private lenders. Payments problems were initially addresse...

Export Quality in Developing Countries

Export Quality in Developing Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2013/108

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Christian Henn , Chris Papageorgiou , and Nicola Spatafora

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 May 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484351635.001

ISBN: 9781484351635

Keywords: Product Quality, Upgrading, export quality, exporter, exporters, commodity exporters, Country and Industry Studies of Trade, Information and Product Quality,

This paper develops new, far more extensive estimates of export quality, covering 178 countries and hundreds of products over 1962–2010. Quality upgrading is particularly rapid during the early stages of dev...

From Toronto Terms to the HIPC Initiative
			: A Brief History of Debt Relief for Low-Income Countries

From Toronto Terms to the HIPC Initiative : A Brief History of Debt Relief for Low-Income Countries »

Volume/Issue: 1999/142

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Christina Daseking , and Robert Powell

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 1999

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451856231.001

ISBN: 9781451856231

Keywords: External Debt, HIPCs, Low-Income Countries, debt, debt reduction, debt relief, creditors, debt service

The low-income country debt crisis had its origins in weak macroeconomic policies, and official creditors’ willingness to take risks unacceptable to private lenders. Payments problems were initially addresse...

Real Exchange Rates In Developing Countries
			: Are Balassa-Samuelson Effects Present?

Real Exchange Rates In Developing Countries : Are Balassa-Samuelson Effects Present? »

Volume/Issue: 2004/188

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mohsin Khan , and Ehsan Choudhri

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2004

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451859591.001

ISBN: 9781451859591

Keywords: Balassa-Samuelson effects, exchange rate, real exchange rate, relative price, terms of trade, exchange rates, Open Economy Macroeconomics,

There is little empirical research on whether Balassa-Samuelson effects can explain the long-run behavior of real exchange rates in developing countries. This paper presents new evidence on this issue based on a pa...

Selected WTO Rules and Some Implications for Fund Policy Advice

Selected WTO Rules and Some Implications for Fund Policy Advice »

Volume/Issue: 1996/23

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Thierry Buchs

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1996

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451921113.001

ISBN: 9781451921113

Keywords: export subsidies, export performance, trade-related investment, trade-related investment measures, transition economies

The paper surveys six WTO agreements selected on the basis of their potential relevance for Fund-supported programs, namely Customs Valuation, Subsidies, Safeguards, Antidumping, Trade-Related Investment Measures,...

Soft Power and Exchange Rate Volatility

Soft Power and Exchange Rate Volatility »

Volume/Issue: 2015/63

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Serhan Cevik , Richard Harris , and Fatih Yilmaz

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 March 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475530520.001

ISBN: 9781475530520

Keywords: Exchange rate volatility, exchange, exchange rate, volatility, exchange rates, trade, Time-Series Models, International Monetary Arrangements and Institutions,

Standard models-based exclusively on macro-financial variables-have made little progress in explaining the behavior of exchange rates. In this paper, we introduce a neglected set of 'soft power' factors capturing...

The Long-Run Effects of Tradeon Income and Income Growth

The Long-Run Effects of Tradeon Income and Income Growth »

Volume/Issue: 2003/37

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Allan Brunner

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2003

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451845594.001

ISBN: 9781451845594

Keywords: panel data model, trade share, gdp per capita, bilateral trade, growth rate, international trade, Economic Growth of Open Economies, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development, Comparative Analysis of Economic Systems,

This paper examines the dynamic relationship between trade and income. While most economists agree that increased trade leads to an increase in average income, economic theory is ambiguous about the possible effect...

The Millennium Development Goals, Capacity Building, and the Role of the IMF

The Millennium Development Goals, Capacity Building, and the Role of the IMF »

Volume/Issue: 2003/119

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Dalia Hakura , and Saleh Nsouli

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2003

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451854190.001

ISBN: 9781451854190

Keywords: Capacity Building, standards, standards and codes, training centers, regional training centers, training programs, Development Planning and Policy: General,

The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) represent a global commitment to improve economic and social conditions in low-income countries. Capacity building is key to promoting higher economic growth, which, in turn,...