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2 Adjustment and Internal-External Balance

2 Adjustment and Internal-External Balance »

Source: Macroeconomic Management : Programs and Policies

Series: Books

Author(s): Chorng-Huey Wong , Mohsin Khan , and Saleh Nsouli

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 April 2002

ISBN: 9781589060944

Keywords: inflation, exchange rate, real exchange rate, monetary policy, exchange rates

This chapter provides a framework for determining the appropriate mix of monetary, fiscal, and exchange rate policies for correcting macroeconomic imbalances. It discusses the design of macroeconomic adjustm...

9 Assessment of the Fiscal Balance

9 Assessment of the Fiscal Balance »

Source: Macroeconomic Management : Programs and Policies

Series: Books

Author(s): Chorng-Huey Wong , Mohsin Khan , and Saleh Nsouli

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 April 2002

ISBN: 9781589060944

Keywords: inflation, exchange rate, real exchange rate, monetary policy, exchange rates

One of the primary goals of fiscal policy is to contribute to price stabilization in the context of a sustainable balance of payments. 1 To attain this objective, public sector fi...

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Frank Eich , Sanjeev Gupta , Alvar Kangur , Baoping Shang , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 January 2016

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504979971.084

ISBN: 9787504979971

Keywords: Pension reforms, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Pensions, Government expenditures, Cross country analysis, emerging market economies, retirement, pensions, pension spending

Pension reform is high on the policy agenda of many advanced and emerging market economies. In advanced economies the challenge is generally to contain future increases in public pension spending as the population...

5 Current Account Sustainability

5 Current Account Sustainability »

Source: Macroeconomic Management : Programs and Policies

Series: Books

Author(s): Chorng-Huey Wong , Mohsin Khan , and Saleh Nsouli

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 April 2002

ISBN: 9781589060944

Keywords: inflation, exchange rate, real exchange rate, monetary policy, exchange rates

The current account of the balance of payments is an important variable for policymakers. Deficits in the external current account are the result of the accumulation of net claims of foreigners on residents....

10 Determinants of Nominal Exchange Rates: A Survey of the Literature

10 Determinants of Nominal Exchange Rates: A Survey of the Literature »

Source: Macroeconomic Management : Programs and Policies

Series: Books

Author(s): Chorng-Huey Wong , Mohsin Khan , and Saleh Nsouli

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 April 2002

ISBN: 9781589060944

Keywords: inflation, exchange rate, real exchange rate, monetary policy, exchange rates

Traditional models of exchange rate determination have focused on three types of explanatory variables: national price levels, interest rates, and the balance of payments. Although the perception that exchan...

3 Do IMF-Supported Programs Work? A Survey of the Cross-Country Empirical Evidence

3 Do IMF-Supported Programs Work? A Survey of the Cross-Country Empirical Evidence »

Source: Macroeconomic Management : Programs and Policies

Series: Books

Author(s): Chorng-Huey Wong , Mohsin Khan , and Saleh Nsouli

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 April 2002

ISBN: 9781589060944

Keywords: inflation, exchange rate, real exchange rate, monetary policy, exchange rates

The IMF plays a central role in the adjustment efforts of its member countries by assisting in the design of appropriate adjustment programs to achieve viability of the balance of payments, price stability,...

Financial Reforms, Financial Openness, and Corporate Borrowing

Financial Reforms, Financial Openness, and Corporate Borrowing »

Source: Financial Reforms, Financial Openness, and Corporate Borrowing : International Evidence

Volume/Issue: 2007/186

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Enrica Detragiache , Gianni De Nicolo , and Senay Agca

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2007

ISBN: 9781451867503

Keywords: Corporate leverage, debt maturity, financial reforms, financial openness, international financial markets, financial liberalization, bond, bond rating,

We study how credit market deregulation and increased international financial openness have changed corporate borrowing. The evidence comes from a large panel of publicly traded firms in 38 countries over the perio...

FIRST

FIRST »

Source: FIRST : A Market-Based Approach to Evaluate Financial System Risk and Stability

Volume/Issue: 2005/232

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Renzo Avesani

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2005

ISBN: 9781451862515

Keywords: Large Complex Financial Institutions, financial institutions, probability, probabilities, correlation, Financial Institutions and Services: Government Policy and Regulation,

This paper presents background work that has been the basis for the development of the market and credit risk indicators (MRI and CRI, respectively) as published in the IMF's Global Financial Stability Report (GFSR...

8 Fiscal Policy and Macroeconomic Management

8 Fiscal Policy and Macroeconomic Management »

Source: Macroeconomic Management : Programs and Policies

Series: Books

Author(s): Chorng-Huey Wong , Mohsin Khan , and Saleh Nsouli

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 April 2002

ISBN: 9781589060944

Keywords: inflation, exchange rate, real exchange rate, monetary policy, exchange rates

Fiscal policy is defined as the government’s measures to guide and control spending and taxation. The traditional view is that fiscal policy performs three main functions: allocation, distributi...

Hybrid Inflation Targeting Regimes

Hybrid Inflation Targeting Regimes »

Source: Hybrid Inflation Targeting Regimes

Volume/Issue: 2009/234

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Carlos Garcia , Jorge Restrepo , and Scott Roger

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2009

ISBN: 9781451873818

Keywords: exchange rate, inflation, real exchange rate,

This paper uses a DSGE model to examine whether including the exchange rate explicitly in the central bank's policy reaction function can improve macroeconomic performance. It is found that including an element of...