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Budget Deficits and Interest Rates

Budget Deficits and Interest Rates »

Source: Budget Deficits and Interest Rates : A Fresh Perspective

Volume/Issue: 2008/42

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ari Aisen , and David Hauner

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2008

ISBN: 9781451869040

Keywords: system GMM, inflation, budget deficit, money supply,

We extend the literature on budget deficits and interest rates in three ways: we examine both advanced and emerging economies and for the first time a large emerging market panel; explore interactions to explain so...

Can Foreign Exchange Intervention Stem Exchange Rate Pressures from Global Capital Flow Shocks?

Can Foreign Exchange Intervention Stem Exchange Rate Pressures from Global Capital Flow Shocks? »

Source: Can Foreign Exchange Intervention Stem Exchange Rate Pressures from Global Capital Flow Shocks?

Volume/Issue: 2015/159

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Olivier Blanchard , Gustavo Adler , and Irineu de Carvalho Filho

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 July 2015

ISBN: 9781513585840

Keywords: exchange rate, gross capital flows, exchange, market, General,

Many emerging market economies have relied on foreign exchange intervention (FXI) in response to gross capital inflows. In this paper, we study whether FXI has been an effective tool to dampen the effects of these...

Collateral Damage

Collateral Damage »

Source: Collateral Damage : Exchange Controls and International Trade

Volume/Issue: 2007/8

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Zhiwei Zhang , and Shang-Jin Wei

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2007

ISBN: 9781451865721

Keywords: non-tariff barriers, exchange controls, foreign exchange, tariff barriers, International Factor Movements And International Business,

While new conventional wisdom warns that developing countries should be aware of the risks of premature capital account liberalization, the costs of not removing exchange controls have received much less attention....

Crisis Prevention and Crisis Management

Crisis Prevention and Crisis Management »

Source: Crisis Prevention and Crisis Management : The Role of Regulatory Governance

Volume/Issue: 2002/163

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Udaibir Das , and Marc Quintyn

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2002

ISBN: 9781451857948

Keywords: Regulatory governance, financial sector supervision, agency independence, accountability, integrity, financial sector crisis management, banking, payment systems, banking supervision, banking supervisors

Good regulatory governance in the financial system is a critical component of financial stability. Research on the topic has not been very systematic and deep. This paper first defines four key components of regula...

Determinants of Bank Credit in Emerging Market Economies1

Determinants of Bank Credit in Emerging Market Economies1 »

Source: Determinants of Bank Credit in Emerging Market Economies

Volume/Issue: 2011/51

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Vahram Stepanyan , and Kai Guo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2011

ISBN: 9781455218035

Keywords: pre-crisis, banking, banking sector, post-crisis period, Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy,

We examine changes in bank credit across a wide range of emerging market economies during the last decade. The rich time-series and cross-section information allows us to draw broader lessons compared to many exist...

The Distributional Bias of Public Education

The Distributional Bias of Public Education »

Source: The Distributional Bias of Public Education : Causes and Consequences

Volume/Issue: 2004/214

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mark Gradstein , and Era Dabla-Norris

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2004

ISBN: 9781451875027

Keywords: Public education, incidence bias, inequality, education spending, income inequality, private education, Publicly Provided Private Goods, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development,

While public education is often intended to be progressive in its effects on income distribution, in reality its incidence is often skewed toward the rich. This paper argues that the extent of this bias is directly...

Economic Policies and FDI Inflows to Emerging Market Economies

Economic Policies and FDI Inflows to Emerging Market Economies »

Source: Economic Policies and FDI Inflows to Emerging Market Economies

Volume/Issue: 2011/192

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Elif Arbatli

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2011

ISBN: 9781462306251

Keywords: FDI, Emerging Market Economies, Economic Policies, direct investment, foreign direct investment, corporate tax, corporate tax rates, International Factor Movements And International Business,

This paper investigates the determinants of FDI inflows to emerging market economies, concentrating on the effects of economic policies. The empirical analysis also addresses the role of external push factors and o...

Effectiveness of Capital Outflow Restrictions

Effectiveness of Capital Outflow Restrictions »

Source: Effectiveness of Capital Outflow Restrictions

Volume/Issue: 2014/8

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Christian Saborowski , Sarah Sanya , Hans Weisfeld , and Juan Yepez

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 January 2014

ISBN: 9781484379752

Keywords: Emerging economies, capital outflow, capital flow, net capital, General, Globalization: Finance,

This paper examines the effectiveness of capital outflow restrictions in a sample of 37 emerging market economies during the period 1995-2010, using a panel vector autoregression approach with interaction terms. Sp...

Emerging Market Bond Spreads and Sovereign Credit Ratings

Emerging Market Bond Spreads and Sovereign Credit Ratings »

Source: Emerging Market Bond Spreads and Sovereign Credit Ratings : Reconciling Market Views with Economic Fundamentals

Volume/Issue: 2001/165

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Amadou Sy

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2001

ISBN: 9781451858051

Keywords: Bond spreads, monitoring, risk appetite, bond, bonds, emerging market bond, market bond, Financial Institutions and Services: General,

This paper uses a panel data estimation of a simple univariate model of sovereign spreads on ratings to analyze statistically significant deviations from the estimated relationship. We find evidence of an asymmetri...

The Evolution of Exchange Rate Regimes Since 1990

The Evolution of Exchange Rate Regimes Since 1990 »

Source: The Evolution of Exchange Rate Regimes Since 1990 : Evidence From De Facto Policies

Volume/Issue: 2002/155

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Andrea Bubula , and Inci Ötker

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2002

ISBN: 9781451857320

Keywords: de facto regimes, bipolar view, pegs, floats, intermediate regimes, exchange rate, exchange rate regimes, International Monetary Arrangements and Institutions,

This paper presents a monthly database on de facto exchange rate regimes that covers all IMF members since 1990. Information from IMF country reports and other sources, including exchange rate data, is utilized to...