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1 Banks

1 Banks »

Source: Taxing the Financial Sector : Concepts, Issues, and Practice

Series: Books

Author(s): Howell Zee

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 April 2004

ISBN: 9781589063167

Keywords: financial services, financial institutions, pension, life insurance, tax rules

Traditionally, the core functions of banking were to (1) accept money from, and collect checks for, customers; (2) honor checks for orders drawn on them by customers; (3) keep current accounts, or something...

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Frank Eich , Sanjeev Gupta , Alvar Kangur , Baoping Shang , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 January 2016

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504979971.084

ISBN: 9787504979971

Keywords: Pension reforms, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Pensions, Government expenditures, Cross country analysis, emerging market economies, retirement, pensions, pension spending

Pension reform is high on the policy agenda of many advanced and emerging market economies. In advanced economies the challenge is generally to contain future increases in public pension spending as the population...

Collecting Taxes During an Economic Crisis

Collecting Taxes During an Economic Crisis »

Source: Collecting Taxes During an Economic Crisis : Challenges and Policy Options

Volume/Issue: 2009/17

Series: IMF Staff Position Notes

Author(s): John Brondolo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 July 2009

ISBN: 9781462339440

Keywords: Financial crisis, Corporate sector, Collection of taxes, Fiscal policy, Tax collection, Tax administration, Tax revenues, Value added tax, taxpayers, tax agencies

The global financial and economic crisis presents major challenges for tax agencies. With the economic downturn, tax agencies are encountering emerging compliance problems and greater demands for taxpayer support i...

5 Financial Services and the Value-Added Tax*

5 Financial Services and the Value-Added Tax* »

Source: Taxing the Financial Sector : Concepts, Issues, and Practice

Series: Books

Author(s): Howell Zee

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 April 2004

ISBN: 9781589063167

Keywords: financial services, financial institutions, pension, life insurance, tax rules

The value-added tax (VAT) has been adopted in over 100 countries. While the VAT base has been expanded in many countries to cover a wider range of goods and services, most countries with a VAT have not broug...

FIRST

FIRST »

Source: FIRST : A Market-Based Approach to Evaluate Financial System Risk and Stability

Volume/Issue: 2005/232

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Renzo Avesani

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2005

ISBN: 9781451862515

Keywords: Large Complex Financial Institutions, financial institutions, probability, probabilities, correlation, Financial Institutions and Services: Government Policy and Regulation,

This paper presents background work that has been the basis for the development of the market and credit risk indicators (MRI and CRI, respectively) as published in the IMF's Global Financial Stability Report (GFSR...

Collecting Taxes During an Economic Crisis
			: Challenges and Policy Options

Collecting Taxes During an Economic Crisis : Challenges and Policy Options »

Volume/Issue: 2009/17

Series: IMF Staff Position Notes

Author(s): John Brondolo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 July 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781462339440.004

ISBN: 9781462339440

Keywords: Financial crisis, Corporate sector, Collection of taxes, Fiscal policy, Tax collection, Tax administration, Tax revenues, Value added tax, taxpayers, tax agencies

The global financial and economic crisis presents major challenges for tax agencies. With the economic downturn, tax agencies are encountering emerging compliance problems and greater demands for taxpayer support i...

A New Approach to Taxing Financial Intermediation Services Under a Value Added Tax

A New Approach to Taxing Financial Intermediation Services Under a Value Added Tax »

Volume/Issue: 2004/119

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Howell Zee

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2004

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451854206.001

ISBN: 9781451854206

Keywords: VAT, financial intermediation, financial sector, Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue,

This paper contains a proposal (referred to as the "modified reverse-charging" approach) to tax financial intermediation services under a VAT. At the heart of the proposal is the application of a reverse charge tha...

FIRST
			: A Market-Based Approach to Evaluate Financial System Risk and Stability

FIRST : A Market-Based Approach to Evaluate Financial System Risk and Stability »

Volume/Issue: 2005/232

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Renzo Avesani

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451862515.001

ISBN: 9781451862515

Keywords: Large Complex Financial Institutions, financial institutions, probability, probabilities, correlation, Financial Institutions and Services: Government Policy and Regulation,

This paper presents background work that has been the basis for the development of the market and credit risk indicators (MRI and CRI, respectively) as published in the IMF's Global Financial Stability Report (GFSR...

Setting Up a Sovereign Wealth Fund
			: Some Policy and Operational Considerations

Setting Up a Sovereign Wealth Fund : Some Policy and Operational Considerations »

Volume/Issue: 2009/179

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Christian Mulder , Amadou Sy , Yinqiu Lu , and Udaibir Das

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451873269.001

ISBN: 9781451873269

Keywords: Sovereign wealth fund, SWF&;amp;#x2019;s policy objective, central bank, monetary fund, balance of payments, currency composition, external debt, Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook: General

This paper offers a policy and operational "roadmap" to policymakers considering setting up an SWF. It should also be of interest to policymakers in countries where SWFs are already in place, to review their existi...

Sovereign Spreads and Contagion Risks in Asia

Sovereign Spreads and Contagion Risks in Asia »

Volume/Issue: 2011/134

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Filiz Unsal , and Carlos Caceres

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455259397.001

ISBN: 9781455259397

Keywords: Sovereign spreads, contagion, market price of risk, exchange rate, exchange rate risk, euro, international monetary fund, Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy, General Financial Markets: General (includes Measurement and Data), General Financial Markets,

This paper explores how much of the movements in the sovereign spreads of Asian economies over the course of the global financial crisis has reflected shifts in (i) global risk aversion; (ii) country-specific risks...