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Assessing Competitiveness and Real Exchange Rate Misalignment in Low-Income Countries

Assessing Competitiveness and Real Exchange Rate Misalignment in Low-Income Countries »

Source: Assessing Competitiveness and Real Exchange Rate Misalignment in Low-Income Countries

Volume/Issue: 2007/201

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mark Lewis , Aurelie Martin , and Gabriel Di Bella

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2007

ISBN: 9781451867657

Keywords: Competitiveness, Equilibrium Exchange Rates, Low-Income Countries, reer, exchange rate, export volume, exchange rates, real exchange rate, Comparative Studies of Countries,

Assessing a country's competitiveness routinely starts with an analysis of the real exchange rate. However, in low-income countries, empirical analysis of the real exchange rate is often subject to important limita...

Does Import Protection Discourage Exports?

Does Import Protection Discourage Exports? »

Source: Does Import Protection Discourage Exports?

Volume/Issue: 2006/20

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Stephen Tokarick

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2006

ISBN: 9781451862805

Keywords: export tax, restrictiveness, tariff barriers, tariff reductions, export sector, Computable General Equilibrium Models,

This paper points out that while many developing countries seek to increase their export earnings, they have not embraced fully the notion that their own pattern of import protection hurts their export performance....

Economic Diversification in LICs

Economic Diversification in LICs »

Source: Economic Diversification in LICs : Stylized Facts and Macroeconomic Implications

Volume/Issue: 2012/13

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Chris Papageorgiou , and Nicola Spatafora

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 December 2012

ISBN: 9781475532180

Keywords: Trade and real-sector diversification, quality upgrading, volatility, growth, LICs, export diversification, external shocks, external trade, total exports, trading partners

Limited diversification is an underlying characteristic of many low-income countries (LICs). Concentration in sectors with limited scope for increases in productivity and quality may result in less broad-based and...

Export Quality in Developing Countries

Export Quality in Developing Countries »

Source: Export Quality in Developing Countries

Volume/Issue: 2013/108

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Christian Henn , Chris Papageorgiou , and Nicola Spatafora

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 May 2013

ISBN: 9781484351635

Keywords: Product Quality, Upgrading, export quality, exporter, exporters, commodity exporters, Country and Industry Studies of Trade, Information and Product Quality,

This paper develops new, far more extensive estimates of export quality, covering 178 countries and hundreds of products over 1962–2010. Quality upgrading is particularly rapid during the early stages of dev...

Food Prices and the Multiplier Effect of Trade Policy*

Food Prices and the Multiplier Effect of Trade Policy* »

Source: Food Prices and the Multiplier Effect of Trade Policy

Volume/Issue: 2014/182

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Paolo Giordani , Nadia Rocha , and Michele Ruta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 September 2014

ISBN: 9781498320382

Keywords: Loss aversion, Multiplier effect, Food crisis, domestic price, world price, global trade, import tariff, import subsidy, International Relations and International Political Economy: Other, Global Commodity Crises

This paper studies the relationship between trade policy and food prices. We show that, when individuals are loss averse, governments may use trade policy to shield the domestic economy from large food price shocks...

I Introduction

I Introduction »

Source: Revenue Implications of Trade Liberalization

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Reint Gropp , Liam Ebrill , and Janet Stotsky

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 July 1999

ISBN: 9781557758132

Keywords: trade liberalization, tariff rate, trade taxes, tariff rates, international trade

In recent decades many countries have dismantled trade barriers and opened their economies to international competition. Trade liberalization is seen to promote econ...

I. Introduction

I. Introduction »

Source: Poverty and Social Impact Analysis by the IMF : Review of Methodology and Selected Evidence

Series: Books

Author(s): Robert Gillingham

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 March 2008

ISBN: 9781589066625

Keywords: trade liberalization, partial equilibrium, income distribution, subsidies, sales taxes

The Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility (PRGF) is the instrument used by the IMF to provide support for countries in the implementation of their poverty reduction and growth strat...

II. A Review of Macro-Micro Approaches for Evaluating the Distributional Impacts of Macroeconomic Reforms

II. A Review of Macro-Micro Approaches for Evaluating the Distributional Impacts of Macroeconomic Reforms »

Source: Poverty and Social Impact Analysis by the IMF : Review of Methodology and Selected Evidence

Series: Books

Author(s): Robert Gillingham

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 March 2008

ISBN: 9781589066625

Keywords: trade liberalization, partial equilibrium, income distribution, subsidies, sales taxes

A. Introduction The poverty and social implications of macroeconomic and structural reform policies are increasingly being recognized in IMF-supported...

II Potential Revenue Implications of Trade Reform

II Potential Revenue Implications of Trade Reform »

Source: Revenue Implications of Trade Liberalization

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Reint Gropp , Liam Ebrill , and Janet Stotsky

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 July 1999

ISBN: 9781557758132

Keywords: trade liberalization, tariff rate, trade taxes, tariff rates, international trade

Economists often rank trade liberalization reforms by order of importance, giving highest priority to the reduction or removal of quantitative restrictions and other non tariff barriers to trade...

III Analysis of Trade Liberalization and Revenue Developments

III Analysis of Trade Liberalization and Revenue Developments »

Source: Revenue Implications of Trade Liberalization

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Reint Gropp , Liam Ebrill , and Janet Stotsky

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 July 1999

ISBN: 9781557758132

Keywords: trade liberalization, tariff rate, trade taxes, tariff rates, international trade

This section considers the interplay between trade liberalization and revenue from international trade taxes in recent decades. The intent is to review what has actually occurred, in order to ga...