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APPENDIX I Incidence Analyses and Income Redistribution

APPENDIX I Incidence Analyses and Income Redistribution »

Source: Fund-Supported Programs, Fiscal Policy, and Income Distribution

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1986

ISBN: 9780939934645

Keywords: taxation, expenditure, salaries, subsidies, income distribution

Most studies of the income distributional effects of public policy fall within the category of “incidence analyses” of taxation and expenditure. They either analyze the effects of particular measures or, if...

Appendix I Pension Arrangements in an Overlapping-Generations Model

Appendix I Pension Arrangements in an Overlapping-Generations Model »

Source: Pension Regimes and Saving

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Alfredo Cuevas , George Mackenzie , and Philip Gerson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 September 1997

ISBN: 9781557756404

Keywords: pension, retirement, benefits, pensions, pension plans

This appendix uses an overlapping-generations model to look at the impact of introducing funded and unfunded social security systems, and of replacing an unfunded system with a funded one. The analysis follo...

Appendix II Notes on the Empirical Literature on Pensions and Saving

Appendix II Notes on the Empirical Literature on Pensions and Saving »

Source: Pension Regimes and Saving

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Alfredo Cuevas , George Mackenzie , and Philip Gerson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 September 1997

ISBN: 9781557756404

Keywords: pension, retirement, benefits, pensions, pension plans

Given the theoretical ambiguity of the precise relationship between pensions and saving, the various statistical techniques that have been used to analyze it, and the diversity in actual pension systems and...

APPENDIX II Some Empirical Evidence on Price and Subsidy Policy

APPENDIX II Some Empirical Evidence on Price and Subsidy Policy »

Source: Fund-Supported Programs, Fiscal Policy, and Income Distribution

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1986

ISBN: 9780939934645

Keywords: taxation, expenditure, salaries, subsidies, income distribution

Empirical information concerning the direct effect of price and subsidy policy on income distribution is scarce and of questionable quality. In addition, existing studies do not cover a sufficient range of c...

APPENDIX III A Review of Policies in Fund Programs, 1980–84

APPENDIX III A Review of Policies in Fund Programs, 1980–84 »

Source: Fund-Supported Programs, Fiscal Policy, and Income Distribution

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1986

ISBN: 9780939934645

Keywords: taxation, expenditure, salaries, subsidies, income distribution

Selection of the Sample The Fund approved 117 stand-by programs and 23 extended facilities from January 1980 to December 1984, for 68 countries. Twenty-two countries had programs in...

Appendix III Brief Notes on the Pension Regimes of Selected Countries

Appendix III Brief Notes on the Pension Regimes of Selected Countries »

Source: Pension Regimes and Saving

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Alfredo Cuevas , George Mackenzie , and Philip Gerson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 September 1997

ISBN: 9781557756404

Keywords: pension, retirement, benefits, pensions, pension plans

Private Plans in Selected Industrial Countries Japan Private retirement plans in Japan are either lump-sum severance payment plans or pension plans tha...

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Frank Eich , Sanjeev Gupta , Alvar Kangur , Baoping Shang , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 January 2016

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504979971.084

ISBN: 9787504979971

Keywords: Pension reforms, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Pensions, Government expenditures, Cross country analysis, emerging market economies, retirement, pensions, pension spending

Pension reform is high on the policy agenda of many advanced and emerging market economies. In advanced economies the challenge is generally to contain future increases in public pension spending as the population...

Effects of Slowdown in Industrial Countries on Growth in Non-Oil Developing Countries

Effects of Slowdown in Industrial Countries on Growth in Non-Oil Developing Countries »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Mohsin Khan , and Morris Goldstein

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 August 1982

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557750624.084

ISBN: 9781557750624

Keywords: oil developing countries, exporters, export growth, oil exporters, oil exporting countries

One of the more important yet puzzling aspects of the recent global stagflation has been the rather surprising resiliency of growth rates of real income in non-oil developing countries during the 1973-80 period in...

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: Effects of Slowdown in Industrial Countries on Growth in Non-Oil Developing Countries

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Mohsin Khan , and Morris Goldstein

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 August 1982

ISBN: 9781557750624

Keywords: oil developing countries, exporters, export growth, oil exporters, oil exporting countries

One of the more important yet puzzling aspects of the recent global stagflation has been the rather surprising resiliency of growth rates of real income in non-oil developing countries during the 1973-80 period in...

Fund-Supported Programs, Fiscal Policy, and Income Distribution

Fund-Supported Programs, Fiscal Policy, and Income Distribution »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1986

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9780939934645.084

ISBN: 9780939934645

Keywords: taxation, expenditure, salaries, subsidies, income distribution

This is the third in a group of three papers dealing with various aspects of Fund-supported adjustment programs....