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The ASEAN Way

Sustaining Growth and Stability

The ASEAN Way: Sustaining Growth and Stability

Realizing Indonesia's Economic Potential

Realizing Indonesia's Economic Potential

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Frank Eich , Sanjeev Gupta , Alvar Kangur , Baoping Shang , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 January 2016

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504979971.084

ISBN: 9787504979971

Keywords: Pension reforms, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Pensions, Government expenditures, Cross country analysis, emerging market economies, retirement, pensions, pension spending

Pension reform is high on the policy agenda of many advanced and emerging market economies. In advanced economies the challenge is generally to contain future increases in public pension spending as the population...

Reforma de los subsidios a la energía
			: Lecciones e implicaciones

Reforma de los subsidios a la energía : Lecciones e implicaciones »

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Stefania Fabrizio , Sanjeev Gupta , Trevor Alleyne , and Carlo Sdralevich

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 November 2014

Language: Spanish

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484380109.071

ISBN: 9781484380109

Keywords: subsidios a la energía, subsidios, energía

Los subsidios a la energía tienen consecuencias económicas de amplio alcance. A pesar de que tienen por objeto proteger a los consumidores, los subsidios agravan los desequilibrios fiscales, desplazan gastos públic...

Rebalancing Growth in Asia
			: Economic Dimensions for China

Rebalancing Growth in Asia : Economic Dimensions for China »

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 April 2013

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787509540114.071

ISBN: 9787509540114

Keywords: employment, private consumption, corporate governance, share of employment, export growth, mortgage, household income, household consumption, disposable income, investment spending

This is a Chinese translation of "Rebalancing Growth in Asia: Economic Dimensions for China."...

Post-Crisis Fiscal Policy Priorities for the ASEAN-5

Post-Crisis Fiscal Policy Priorities for the ASEAN-5 »

Volume/Issue: 2010/252

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455209521.001

ISBN: 9781455209521

Keywords: fiscal space, expenditure, public spending, public debt, Economywide Country Studies: Asia including Middle East, And Finance,

This paper focuses on post-crisis fiscal priorities in the ASEAN-5 economies - Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore and Thailand. Sound economic fundamentals and timely and forceful policy responses to the c...

Automatic Stabilizers and the Size of Government
			: Correcting a Common Misunderstanding

Automatic Stabilizers and the Size of Government : Correcting a Common Misunderstanding »

Volume/Issue: 2010/155

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Carlo Cottarelli , and Annalisa Fedelino

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455201389.001

ISBN: 9781455201389

Keywords: cyclical adjustment, expenditure, fiscal balances, budget balance, public spending, Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook: General, National Deficit Surplus, National Budget

The size of government is a commonly used variable in many analytical studies on the effects of fiscal policy. An accepted practice is to measure it as the ratio of government spending to GDP. However, this is not...

The Cyclicality of Fiscal Policy in the Middle East and Central Asia
			: Is the Current Crisis Different?

The Cyclicality of Fiscal Policy in the Middle East and Central Asia : Is the Current Crisis Different? »

Volume/Issue: 2010/68

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451982121.001

ISBN: 9781451982121

Keywords: government spending, public debt, fiscal policy response, General Outlook and Conditions, Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents: General, National Government Expenditures and Related Policies: General, National Budget, Deficit, and Debt: General,

The countries of the Middle East and North Africa, and the Caucasus and Central Asia have the highest output volatility in the world. Fiscal policy is a powerful tool that can help dampen the business cycles. This...

Le cadre de viabilité de la dette appliqué aux pays à faible revenu

Le cadre de viabilité de la dette appliqué aux pays à faible revenu »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Christian Beddies , Marie-Helene Le Manchec , and Bergljot Barkbu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 September 2009

Language: French

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589068117.084

ISBN: 9781589068117

Keywords: debt sustainability, public debt, debt service, debt relief, domestic debt, debt-service, current account, debt burden, debt dynamics, debt ratio

Low-income countries continue to face significant challenges in meeting their vast development needs while maintaining a sustainable debt position, even after many of these countries have benefited from substantial...

Thailand
			: Report on Observance of Standards and Codes:  Fiscal Transparency Module

Thailand : Report on Observance of Standards and Codes: Fiscal Transparency Module »

Volume/Issue: 2009/250

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 August 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451836912.002

ISBN: 9781451836912

Keywords: budget documents, central government budget, public debt, public investment

This paper discusses key findings of the assessment on observance of standards and codes on fiscal transparency for Thailand. The assessment reveals that Thailand meets requirements of the fiscal transparency code...

The Challenge of Reforming Budgetary Institutions in Developing Countries

The Challenge of Reforming Budgetary Institutions in Developing Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2009/96

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Richard Allen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451872439.001

ISBN: 9781451872439

Keywords: PEFA, budget, institutions, platform approach, reform, donors, Paris Declaration, Accra Agenda for Action, budgetary institutions, financial management

The paper notes that the development of sound budgetary institutions in countries such as France, the U.K. and the U.S. has taken a very long time?200 years or more?and is still evolving. It discusses Douglass Nort...

The Role for Counter-Cyclical Fiscal Policy in Singapore

The Role for Counter-Cyclical Fiscal Policy in Singapore »

Volume/Issue: 2009/8

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Leif Eskesen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451871555.001

ISBN: 9781451871555

Keywords: SVAR, expenditure, fiscal multipliers, fiscal stimulus, fiscal shocks,

Singapore's policymakers have often used fiscal policy as a counter-cyclical tool. Empirical results based on a structural autoregression framework suggest that fiscal policy can be used for demand management, alth...