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Mauritius
			: 2013 Article IV Consultation

Mauritius : 2013 Article IV Consultation »

Volume/Issue: 2013/97

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. African Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 April 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484327432.002

ISBN: 9781484327432

Keywords: current account, external debt, public debt, debt sustainability, current account deficit

The article reviews Mauritius' developments and its macroeconomic policies for the imminent years. Growth has been flexible in these years but the postglobal crisis period did not show any remarkable developments....

Investment Objectives of Sovereign Wealth Funds
			: A Shifting Paradigm

Investment Objectives of Sovereign Wealth Funds : A Shifting Paradigm »

Volume/Issue: 2011/19

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Iva Petrova , Jukka Pihlman , Peter Kunzel , and Yinqiu Lu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455211968.001

ISBN: 9781455211968

Keywords: Portfolio Choice, Investment and Risk Management, Government Policy and Regulation, pension, pension reserve, investment objectives, pension fund, risk management, International Finance: General, General Financial Markets: Government Policy and Regulation,

While SWF investment objectives to some extent reflect inherent characteristics, notable differences in strategic asset allocation (SAA) exist even amongst SWFs of similar types. Even so, this paper shows that the...

Sovereign Wealth Funds
			: Current Institutional and Operational Practices

Sovereign Wealth Funds : Current Institutional and Operational Practices »

Volume/Issue: 2008/254

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Peter Kunzel , Cornelia Hammer , and Iva Petrova

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451871128.001

ISBN: 9781451871128

Keywords: Governance and Accountability, Investment and Risk Management, risk management, pension, legal entity, legal entities, internal audit,

While SWFs as a group share broad common institutional and operational practices, these practices also differ considerably reflecting the diversity of these institutions. These differences derive from the nature of...

Is Asia Prepared for an Aging Population?

Is Asia Prepared for an Aging Population? »

Volume/Issue: 2006/272

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Peter Heller

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451865325.001

ISBN: 9781451865325

Keywords: retirement, health care, pension, health insurance, medical care, Analysis of Health Care Markets, Health Production, Economic History: Labor and Consumers, Demography, Education

Many Asian countries (such as China, Singapore, Korea, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, India, and the Philippines) will experience a significant aging of their populations during the next several decades. This paper...

Insurance Companies in Emerging Markets

Insurance Companies in Emerging Markets »

Volume/Issue: 2005/88

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Janet Kong , and Manmohan Singh

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451861075.001

ISBN: 9781451861075

Keywords: asset allocation, investments, life insurers, life insurance, risk management, General Financial Markets: Government Policy and Regulation, International Finance Forecasting and Simulation,

This paper focuses on asset allocation decisions of life insurance companies in emerging markets. Mature market insurers allocate only a small fraction of their assets to emerging markets because of regulatory cons...

Pension Funds and Emerging Markets

Pension Funds and Emerging Markets »

Volume/Issue: 2004/181

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jorge Chan-Lau

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2004

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451859225.001

ISBN: 9781451859225

Keywords: asset allocation, regulation, pension, pension fund, pension fund managers, pension fund assets,

This paper focuses on the investment behavior of pension funds in developed and emerging market countries. First, it analyzes the main determinants of the emerging market asset allocation of pension funds in develo...

What is Different About Family Businesses?

What is Different About Family Businesses? »

Volume/Issue: 2001/70

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ralph Chami

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2001

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451849158.001

ISBN: 9781451849158

Keywords: altruism, asymmetric information, family business, trust, nonmarket transactions, moral hazard, corporate governance, family businesses, moral hazard problem, business school

Family businesses make up forty percent of the Fortune 500 companies in the US, generate about two-thirds of the German GDP, employ about one-half of the labor force in Britain, and account for the majority of the...

Portfolio Diversification, Leverage, and Financial Contagion

Portfolio Diversification, Leverage, and Financial Contagion »

Volume/Issue: 1999/136

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): T. Smith , and Garry Schinasi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 1999

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451855791.001

ISBN: 9781451855791

Keywords: financial contagion, portfolio choice, leverage, portfolio management, correlation, portfolio manager, covariance, predictions

Models of “contagion” rely on market imperfections to explain why adverse shocks in one asset market might be associated with asset sales in many unrelated markets. This paper demonstrates that contag...

Rethinking Public Pension Reform Initiatives

Rethinking Public Pension Reform Initiatives »

Volume/Issue: 1998/61

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Peter Heller

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 1998

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451848144.001

ISBN: 9781451848144

Keywords: public pensions, pension, social insurance, retirement, elderly

This paper argues that there are significant risks, limitations, and complications associated with reliance upon mandatory DC, fully funded schemes as the dominant public pension pillar. Policies to limit risks may...

Implications for Savings of Aging in the Asian 'Tigers'

Implications for Savings of Aging in the Asian 'Tigers' »

Volume/Issue: 1997/136

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Steven Symansky , and Peter Heller

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 1997

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451855777.001

ISBN: 9781451855777

Keywords: Aging, Asia, saving, savings, demographics, dependency, elderly, private savings

Significant aging is projected for many high-saving emerging economies of East and Southeast Asia. By 2025, the share of the elderly in their populations will at least double in most of these countries. The share o...