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Malaysia
			: Selected Issues

Malaysia : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2014/82

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 March 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475529852.002

ISBN: 9781475529852

Keywords: fiscal consolidation, fiscal savings, tax rates

This Selected Issues paper on Malaysia highlights quantitative assessment of additional measures required during the medium term to achieve fiscal targets. The authorities aim to lower the budget deficit to about 3...

Understanding Countries' Tax Effort

Understanding Countries' Tax Effort »

Volume/Issue: 2013/244

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ricardo Fenochietto , and Carola Pessino

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 December 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484301272.001

ISBN: 9781484301272

Keywords: tax effort, tax frontier, tax capacity, stochastic tax frontier, inefficiency, tax revenues, tax analysis, determinants of tax revenue, tax system, Models with Panel Data

This paper presents a model to determine the tax effort and tax capacity of 113 countries and the main variables on which they depend. The results and the model allow a clear determination of which countries are ne...

Philippines
			: Selected Issues

Philippines : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2013/103

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 April 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484301067.002

ISBN: 9781484301067

Keywords: tax base, tax collections, tax rates, tax revenue

This article is an empirical analysis on tax collections in the Philippines. The tax system is characterized by a rule of tax incentives provided by 13 investment agencies. Tax collections showed regular growth. Th...

Philippines
			: Reform of the Fiscal Regimes for Mining and Petroleum

Philippines : Reform of the Fiscal Regimes for Mining and Petroleum »

Volume/Issue: 2012/219

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 August 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475506044.002

ISBN: 9781475506044

Keywords: fiscal regime, fiscal regimes, government revenue, tax incentives, taxable income

This Technical Assistance (TA) Report on the Philippines discusses the fiscal regime for the mining sector. The Philippines has long been a producer of minerals, but the mining and petroleum sectors account for onl...

Foreign Aid and Revenue
			: Still a Crowding Out Effect?

Foreign Aid and Revenue : Still a Crowding Out Effect? »

Volume/Issue: 2012/186

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ernesto Crivelli , Sanjeev Gupta , Priscilla Muthoora , and Dora Benedek

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475505344.001

ISBN: 9781475505344

Keywords: tax revenues, tax revenue, total tax revenue

This paper reexamines the relationship between aid and domestic tax revenues using a more recent and comprehensive dataset covering 118 countries for the period 1980 - 2009. Overall, our results support earlier fin...

Environmental Tax Reform
			: Principles from Theory and Practice to Date

Environmental Tax Reform : Principles from Theory and Practice to Date »

Volume/Issue: 2012/180

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ian Parry , John Norregaard , and Dirk Heine

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475505283.001

ISBN: 9781475505283

Keywords: design principles, externalities, fuel taxes, country evaluation, environmental tax, tax systems, tax reform, tax system, Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation: Government Policy, Energy: Government Policy,

This paper recommends a system of upstream taxes on fossil fuels, combined with refunds for downstream emissions capture, to reduce carbon and local pollution emissions. Motor fuel taxes should also account for con...

Indonesia
			: Report on the Observance of Standards and Codes-Fiscal Transparency Module-Update

Indonesia : Report on the Observance of Standards and Codes-Fiscal Transparency Module-Update »

Volume/Issue: 2010/342

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 November 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455212644.002

ISBN: 9781455212644

Keywords: budget, debt, annual budget, financial statements

Indonesia has improved fiscal transparency; tax legislation has been substantially revised; tax administration is improving; legal and administrative measures have been adopted to improve public sector governance;...

Collecting Taxes During an Economic Crisis
			: Challenges and Policy Options

Collecting Taxes During an Economic Crisis : Challenges and Policy Options »

Volume/Issue: 2009/17

Series: IMF Staff Position Notes

Author(s): John Brondolo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 July 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781462339440.004

ISBN: 9781462339440

Keywords: Financial crisis, Corporate sector, Collection of taxes, Fiscal policy, Tax collection, Tax administration, Tax revenues, Value added tax, taxpayers, tax agencies

The global financial and economic crisis presents major challenges for tax agencies. With the economic downturn, tax agencies are encountering emerging compliance problems and greater demands for taxpayer support i...

Causes, Benefits, and Risks of Business Tax Incentives

Causes, Benefits, and Risks of Business Tax Incentives »

Volume/Issue: 2009/21

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alexander Klemm

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451871685.001

ISBN: 9781451871685

Keywords: effective tax rates, tax system, tax rates, taxation,

This paper provides an updated overview of tax incentives for business investment. It begins by noting that tax competition is likely to be a major force driving countries' tax reforms, and discusses tax incentives...

Tax Amnesties
			: Theory, Trends, and Some Alternatives

Tax Amnesties : Theory, Trends, and Some Alternatives »

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Eric Le Borgne , and Katherine Baer

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 July 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589067363.058

ISBN: 9781589067363

Keywords: tax administration, tax amnesty, tax amnesties, tax evasion, tax compliance

Tax amnesties remain as popular as ever as a tool for raising revenue and increasing tax compliance. International experience, however, shows that the costs of tax amnesty programs often exceed the programs' benefi...