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The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Frank Eich , Sanjeev Gupta , Alvar Kangur , Baoping Shang , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 January 2016

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504979971.084

ISBN: 9787504979971

Keywords: Pension reforms, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Pensions, Government expenditures, Cross country analysis, emerging market economies, retirement, pensions, pension spending

Pension reform is high on the policy agenda of many advanced and emerging market economies. In advanced economies the challenge is generally to contain future increases in public pension spending as the population...

The Persistence of Corruption and Regulatory Compliance Failures
			: Theory and Evidence

The Persistence of Corruption and Regulatory Compliance Failures : Theory and Evidence »

Volume/Issue: 2003/172

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Per Fredriksson , Muthukumara Mani , and Richard Damania

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2003

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451858594.001

ISBN: 9781451858594

Keywords: rule of law, lobbying, political instability, bureaucracy, judicial efficiency, political stability, political economy, common law, judicial system, Models of Political Processes: Rent-seeking

This paper examines the reasons why corruption and policy distortions tend to exhibit a high degree of persistence in certain regimes. We identify circumstances under which a firm seeks to evade regulations by (1)...

The Persistence of Corruption and Regulatory Compliance Failures

The Persistence of Corruption and Regulatory Compliance Failures »

Source: The Persistence of Corruption and Regulatory Compliance Failures : Theory and Evidence

Volume/Issue: 2003/172

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Per Fredriksson , Muthukumara Mani , and Richard Damania

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2003

ISBN: 9781451858594

Keywords: rule of law, lobbying, political instability, bureaucracy, judicial efficiency, political stability, political economy, common law, judicial system, Models of Political Processes: Rent-seeking

This paper examines the reasons why corruption and policy distortions tend to exhibit a high degree of persistence in certain regimes. We identify circumstances under which a firm seeks to evade regulations by (1)...

Dread of Depreciation

Dread of Depreciation »

Source: Dread of Depreciation : Measuring Real Exchange Rate Interventions

Volume/Issue: 2002/63

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jayasri Dutta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2002

ISBN: 9781451848434

Keywords: interventions, parity conditions, exchange rates, exchange rate, real exchange rate, equation,

We specify an empirical framework to detect the effects of official intervention on real exchange rate dynamics. Using data for 27 advanced and emerging market economies, we find evidence that interventions are a n...

Dread of Depreciation
			: Measuring Real Exchange Rate Interventions

Dread of Depreciation : Measuring Real Exchange Rate Interventions »

Volume/Issue: 2002/63

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jayasri Dutta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2002

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451848434.001

ISBN: 9781451848434

Keywords: interventions, parity conditions, exchange rates, exchange rate, real exchange rate, equation,

We specify an empirical framework to detect the effects of official intervention on real exchange rate dynamics. Using data for 27 advanced and emerging market economies, we find evidence that interventions are a n...

Apéndice I. Cuentas con el FMI

Apéndice I. Cuentas con el FMI »

Source: Manual de Estadísticas Monetarias y Financieras

Series: Other Statistical Products

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 November 2000

Language: Spanish

ISBN: 9781589060166

Introducción...

Apéndice II. Banca Islámica54

Apéndice II. Banca Islámica54 »

Source: Manual de Estadísticas Monetarias y Financieras

Series: Other Statistical Products

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 November 2000

Language: Spanish

ISBN: 9781589060166

55 . No obstante, se aceptan y se estimulan el comercio exterior y la inversión con fines de generar rentabilidad. Las instituciones financiera...

Apéndice III. Balances Sectoriales

Apéndice III. Balances Sectoriales »

Source: Manual de Estadísticas Monetarias y Financieras

Series: Other Statistical Products

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 November 2000

Language: Spanish

ISBN: 9781589060166

Cuadro 1: Balance sectorial del banco central...

I. Introducción al Manual

I. Introducción al Manual »

Source: Manual de Estadísticas Monetarias y Financieras

Series: Other Statistical Products

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 November 2000

Language: Spanish

ISBN: 9781589060166

Manual de estadísticas monetarias y financieras (MEMF, o manual) es ofrecer directrices para la presentación de esta área de las estadísticas macroeconómicas. Además de servir de ayuda en la for...

II. Marco Analítico

II. Marco Analítico »

Source: Manual de Estadísticas Monetarias y Financieras

Series: Other Statistical Products

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 November 2000

Language: Spanish

ISBN: 9781589060166

Introducción...