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The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Frank Eich , Sanjeev Gupta , Alvar Kangur , Baoping Shang , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 January 2016

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504979971.084

ISBN: 9787504979971

Keywords: Pension reforms, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Pensions, Government expenditures, Cross country analysis, emerging market economies, retirement, pensions, pension spending

Pension reform is high on the policy agenda of many advanced and emerging market economies. In advanced economies the challenge is generally to contain future increases in public pension spending as the population...

An Achilles’ Heel: Inequality threatens Asia’s growth miracle

An Achilles’ Heel: Inequality threatens Asia’s growth miracle »

Source: Finance and Development, December 2013

Volume/Issue: 50/4

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 November 2013

ISBN: 9781484316917

Keywords: intellectual property, global trade, supply chain, copyright

For the latest thinking about the international financial system, monetary policy, economic development, poverty reduction, and other critical issues, subscribe to Finance & Development (F&D). This lively quarterl...

Balance Sheets, Exchange Rate Policy, and Welfare

Balance Sheets, Exchange Rate Policy, and Welfare »

Source: Balance Sheets, Exchange Rate Policy, and Welfare

Volume/Issue: 2004/63

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Selim Elekdag , and Ivan Tchakarov

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2004

ISBN: 9781451848458

Keywords: financial accelerator, debt-to-GDP threshold, second-order approximation, exchange rate, exchange rate regimes, exchange rate regime, flexible exchange rate, fixed exchange rate, Open Economy Macroeconomics,

The debate about the appropriate choice of exchange rate regime is fundamental in international economics. This paper develops a small open-economy model with balance sheet effects and compares the performance of f...

Balance Sheets, Exchange Rate Policy, and Welfare

Balance Sheets, Exchange Rate Policy, and Welfare »

Volume/Issue: 2004/63

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Selim Elekdag , and Ivan Tchakarov

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2004

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451848458.001

ISBN: 9781451848458

Keywords: financial accelerator, debt-to-GDP threshold, second-order approximation, exchange rate, exchange rate regimes, exchange rate regime, flexible exchange rate, fixed exchange rate, Open Economy Macroeconomics,

The debate about the appropriate choice of exchange rate regime is fundamental in international economics. This paper develops a small open-economy model with balance sheet effects and compares the performance of f...

Asymmetric Adjustment and Nonlinear Dynamics in Real Exchange Rates

Asymmetric Adjustment and Nonlinear Dynamics in Real Exchange Rates »

Source: Asymmetric Adjustment and Nonlinear Dynamics in Real Exchange Rates

Volume/Issue: 2003/159

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Gene Leon , and Serineh Najarian

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2003

ISBN: 9781451857696

Keywords: Nonlinearities, asymmetry, exchange rate, exchange rates, nonlinearity, statistics, real exchange rate,

This paper examines whether deviations from PPP are stationary in the presence of nonlinearity, and whether the adjustment toward PPP is symmetric from above and below. Using alternative nonlinear models, our resul...

Asymmetric Adjustment and Nonlinear Dynamics in Real Exchange Rates

Asymmetric Adjustment and Nonlinear Dynamics in Real Exchange Rates »

Volume/Issue: 2003/159

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Gene Leon , and Serineh Najarian

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2003

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451857696.001

ISBN: 9781451857696

Keywords: Nonlinearities, asymmetry, exchange rate, exchange rates, nonlinearity, statistics, real exchange rate,

This paper examines whether deviations from PPP are stationary in the presence of nonlinearity, and whether the adjustment toward PPP is symmetric from above and below. Using alternative nonlinear models, our resul...

Apéndice I. Cuentas con el FMI

Apéndice I. Cuentas con el FMI »

Source: Manual de Estadísticas Monetarias y Financieras

Series: Other Statistical Products

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 November 2000

Language: Spanish

ISBN: 9781589060166

Introducción...

Apéndice II. Banca Islámica54

Apéndice II. Banca Islámica54 »

Source: Manual de Estadísticas Monetarias y Financieras

Series: Other Statistical Products

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 November 2000

Language: Spanish

ISBN: 9781589060166

55 . No obstante, se aceptan y se estimulan el comercio exterior y la inversión con fines de generar rentabilidad. Las instituciones financiera...

Apéndice III. Balances Sectoriales

Apéndice III. Balances Sectoriales »

Source: Manual de Estadísticas Monetarias y Financieras

Series: Other Statistical Products

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 November 2000

Language: Spanish

ISBN: 9781589060166

Cuadro 1: Balance sectorial del banco central...

I. Introducción al Manual

I. Introducción al Manual »

Source: Manual de Estadísticas Monetarias y Financieras

Series: Other Statistical Products

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 November 2000

Language: Spanish

ISBN: 9781589060166

Manual de estadísticas monetarias y financieras (MEMF, o manual) es ofrecer directrices para la presentación de esta área de las estadísticas macroeconómicas. Además de servir de ayuda en la for...