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Regional Economic Outlook, May 2018, Europe

Managing the Upswing in Uncertain Times

The Spring EUR REO projects the economic outlook for the region for the next six months.

Introducing a General Anti-Avoidance Rule (GAAR)

Introducing a General Anti-Avoidance Rule (GAAR) »

Source: Introducing a General Anti-Avoidance Rule (GAAR) : Ensuring That a GAAR Achieves Its Purpose

Volume: 1

Series: Tax Law Technical Note

Author(s): Christophe Waerzeggers , and Cory Hillier

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 January 2016

ISBN: 9781513515823

Keywords: Tax evasion, Tax regimes, Tax systems, tax, tax benefit, tax law, transaction, tax avoidance

Tax avoidance continues to attract attention globally with strong support for tax law reform at all levels. This Tax Law IMF Technical Note focuses on some of the key design and drafting considerations of one speci...

Introducing a General Anti-Avoidance Rule (GAAR)
			: Ensuring That a GAAR Achieves Its Purpose

Introducing a General Anti-Avoidance Rule (GAAR) : Ensuring That a GAAR Achieves Its Purpose »

Volume: 1

Series: Tax Law Technical Note

Author(s): Christophe Waerzeggers , and Cory Hillier

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 January 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513515823.008

ISBN: 9781513515823

Keywords: Tax evasion, Tax regimes, Tax systems, tax, tax benefit, tax law, transaction, tax avoidance

Tax avoidance continues to attract attention globally with strong support for tax law reform at all levels. This Tax Law IMF Technical Note focuses on some of the key design and drafting considerations of one speci...

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Frank Eich , Sanjeev Gupta , Alvar Kangur , Baoping Shang , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 January 2016

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504979971.084

ISBN: 9787504979971

Keywords: Pension reforms, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Pensions, Government expenditures, Cross country analysis, emerging market economies, retirement, pensions, pension spending

Pension reform is high on the policy agenda of many advanced and emerging market economies. In advanced economies the challenge is generally to contain future increases in public pension spending as the population...

Exchange-Rate Dark Matter

Exchange-Rate Dark Matter »

Source: Exchange-Rate Dark Matter

Volume/Issue: 2012/66

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Martin Evans

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2012

ISBN: 9781463938437

Keywords: Exchange Rate Dynamics, Open-Economy Macro Models, Habits, Incomplete Markets, risk, consumption, exchange-rate, exchange rates, depreciation, Macroeconomic Aspects Of International Trade And Finance

Dark matter accounts for 83 percent of the matter in the universe and plays a central role in cosmology modeling. This paper argues that an analogous form of dark matter plays a similarly important role in internat...

Exchange-Rate Dark Matter

Exchange-Rate Dark Matter »

Volume/Issue: 2012/66

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Martin Evans

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781463938437.001

ISBN: 9781463938437

Keywords: Exchange Rate Dynamics, Open-Economy Macro Models, Habits, Incomplete Markets, risk, consumption, exchange-rate, exchange rates, depreciation, Macroeconomic Aspects Of International Trade And Finance

Dark matter accounts for 83 percent of the matter in the universe and plays a central role in cosmology modeling. This paper argues that an analogous form of dark matter plays a similarly important role in internat...

The Treatment of Nonperforming Loans in Macroeconomic Statistics

The Treatment of Nonperforming Loans in Macroeconomic Statistics »

Volume/Issue: 2001/209

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Cornelis Gorter , and Adriaan Bloem

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2001

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451874754.001

ISBN: 9781451874754

Keywords: General statistics, loan accounting, interest, debt, nonperforming loans, creditor, Methodology for Collecting, Estimating, and Organizing Macroeconomic Data,

This paper seeks to promote discussion on the treatment of nonperforming loans in macroeconomic statistics. After reviewing current recommendations in international statistical manuals and the guidelines provided b...

The Treatment of Nonperforming Loans in Macroeconomic Statistics

The Treatment of Nonperforming Loans in Macroeconomic Statistics »

Source: The Treatment of Nonperforming Loans in Macroeconomic Statistics

Volume/Issue: 2001/209

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Cornelis Gorter , and Adriaan Bloem

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2001

ISBN: 9781451874754

Keywords: General statistics, loan accounting, interest, debt, nonperforming loans, creditor, Methodology for Collecting, Estimating, and Organizing Macroeconomic Data,

This paper seeks to promote discussion on the treatment of nonperforming loans in macroeconomic statistics. After reviewing current recommendations in international statistical manuals and the guidelines provided b...

Currency Crises and Foreign Reserves

Currency Crises and Foreign Reserves »

Source: Currency Crises and Foreign Reserves : A Simple Model

Volume/Issue: 2001/18

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Piti Disyatat

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2001

ISBN: 9781451843644

Keywords: Currency Crisis, Speculative Attacks, Borrowing Reserves, capital controls, external borrowing, central bank, domestic currency, Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit: General

This paper addresses the important question of how far a government will run down its stock of foreign reserves in a defense of a fixed exchange rate. An optimizing model of currency crisis is presented in which th...

Currency Crises and Foreign Reserves
			: A Simple Model

Currency Crises and Foreign Reserves : A Simple Model »

Volume/Issue: 2001/18

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Piti Disyatat

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2001

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451843644.001

ISBN: 9781451843644

Keywords: Currency Crisis, Speculative Attacks, Borrowing Reserves, capital controls, external borrowing, central bank, domestic currency, Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit: General

This paper addresses the important question of how far a government will run down its stock of foreign reserves in a defense of a fixed exchange rate. An optimizing model of currency crisis is presented in which th...

Rent Seeking and Endogenous Income Inequality

Rent Seeking and Endogenous Income Inequality »

Volume/Issue: 2001/15

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Paul Wade , and Era Dabla-Norris

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2001

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451843262.001

ISBN: 9781451843262

Keywords: lotteries, probability, expropriation, equation, credit markets, equations, Personal Income, Wealth, and Their Distributions, Models of Political Processes: Rent-seeking

This paper studies the relationship between wealth inequality and occupational choice between rent-seeking and production. With imperfect credit markets and a fixed cost to rent-seeking, only wealthy agents choose...