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The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Frank Eich , Sanjeev Gupta , Alvar Kangur , Baoping Shang , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 January 2016

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504979971.084

ISBN: 9787504979971

Keywords: Pension reforms, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Pensions, Government expenditures, Cross country analysis, emerging market economies, retirement, pensions, pension spending

Pension reform is high on the policy agenda of many advanced and emerging market economies. In advanced economies the challenge is generally to contain future increases in public pension spending as the population...

Tackling Small and Medium Enterprise Problem Loans in Europe

Tackling Small and Medium Enterprise Problem Loans in Europe »

Volume/Issue: 2015/4

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Wolfgang Bergthaler , Kenneth Kang , Yan Liu , and Dermot Monaghan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 March 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498384834.006

ISBN: 9781498384834

Keywords: Corporate sector, Debt restructuring, Business enterprises, Bankruptcy, Europe, Economic recovery, Insolvency, Non-performing loans, SME, debt distress

The global financial crisis has left a large private sector debt overhang and high levels of non- performing loans (NPLs) in several European countries. Small and medium-size enterprises (SMEs) represent a signific...

Exchange-Rate Dark Matter

Exchange-Rate Dark Matter »

Volume/Issue: 2012/66

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Martin Evans

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781463938437.001

ISBN: 9781463938437

Keywords: Exchange Rate Dynamics, Open-Economy Macro Models, Habits, Incomplete Markets, risk, consumption, exchange-rate, exchange rates, depreciation, Macroeconomic Aspects Of International Trade And Finance

Dark matter accounts for 83 percent of the matter in the universe and plays a central role in cosmology modeling. This paper argues that an analogous form of dark matter plays a similarly important role in internat...

Bank Losses, Monetary Policy and Financial Stability-Evidence on the Interplay from Panel Data

Bank Losses, Monetary Policy and Financial Stability-Evidence on the Interplay from Panel Data »

Volume/Issue: 2008/232

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Lea Zicchino , and Erlend Nier

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451870909.001

ISBN: 9781451870909

Keywords: Loan supply, banking, banking crises, bank capital,

We assess the extent to which loan losses affect banks’ provision of credit to companies and households and examine how feedback from losses to a reduction in credit is affected by the monetary policy stance...

Manual de Estadísticas Monetarias y Financieras

Manual de Estadísticas Monetarias y Financieras »

Series: Other Statistical Products

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 November 2000

Language: Spanish

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589060166.049

ISBN: 9781589060166

Este Manual ofrece directrices para la presentación de las estadísticas monetarias y financieras. El manual incluye un conjunto de instrumentos para identificar, clasificar y registrar stocks y flujos de activos y...

Informe Anual 1999

Informe Anual 1999 »

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 1999

Language: Spanish

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451978681.011

ISBN: 9781451978681

Informe Anual del Directorio Ejecutivo correspondiente al ejercicio cerrado el 30 de abril de 1999....

Commodity Prices
			: Cyclical Weakness or Secular Decline?

Commodity Prices : Cyclical Weakness or Secular Decline? »

Volume/Issue: 1994/7

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Peter Wickham , and Carmen Reinhart

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1994

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451842371.001

ISBN: 9781451842371

Keywords: commodity prices, export earnings, hedging, terms of trade, commodity agreements

Primary commodities still account for the bulk of exports in many developing countries. However, real commodity prices have been declining almost continuously since the early 1980s and there is evidence of renewed...

Export Instability and Policy Implications for Developing Countries

Export Instability and Policy Implications for Developing Countries »

Volume/Issue: 1990/44

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1990

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451974539.001

ISBN: 9781451974539

Keywords: industrialized countries, total exports, export diversification, total export, export data

A study by the author published in 1988 proposed the hypothesis that export instability depends upon the level of industrialization of the exporting country and the position of exports in the product cycle (growth...

La deuda externa
			: Definición, cobertura estadística y metodología

La deuda externa : Definición, cobertura estadística y metodología »

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1988

Language: Spanish

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9780821311554.071

ISBN: 9780821311554

Este libro tiene por objeto proporcionar al usuario de estadísticas de deuda una descripción comparativa de las estadísticas recopiladas por el Banco de Pagos Internacionales, el FMI, la Organización para la Cooper...