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International Sovereign Bonds by Emerging Markets and Developing Economies
			: Drivers of Issuance and Spreads

International Sovereign Bonds by Emerging Markets and Developing Economies : Drivers of Issuance and Spreads »

Volume/Issue: 2015/275

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Andrea Presbitero , Dhaneshwar Ghura , Olumuyiwa Adedeji , and Lamin Njie

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 December 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513581729.001

ISBN: 9781513581729

Keywords: Sovereign bond issuance, bond spreads, developing countries, bonds, sovereign bonds, bond, markets, sovereign bond, International Lending and Debt Problems, Asset Pricing

What determines the ability of low-income developing countries to issue bonds in international capital and what explains the spreads on these bonds? This paper examines these questions using a dataset that includes...

Food Prices and the Multiplier Effect of Trade Policy

Food Prices and the Multiplier Effect of Trade Policy »

Volume/Issue: 2014/182

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Paolo Giordani , Nadia Rocha , and Michele Ruta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 September 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498320382.001

ISBN: 9781498320382

Keywords: Loss aversion, Multiplier effect, Food crisis, domestic price, world price, global trade, import tariff, import subsidy, International Relations and International Political Economy: Other, Global Commodity Crises

This paper studies the relationship between trade policy and food prices. We show that, when individuals are loss averse, governments may use trade policy to shield the domestic economy from large food price shocks...

Africa's Got Work to Do
			: Employment Prospects in the New Century

Africa's Got Work to Do : Employment Prospects in the New Century »

Volume/Issue: 2013/201

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Louise Fox , Cleary Haines , Jorge Huerta Munoz , and Alun Thomas

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484389195.001

ISBN: 9781484389195

Keywords: wage employment, household enterprises, labor, General, Labor Force and Employment, Size, and Structure, Sub-Saharan Africa.,

Estimates of the current and future structure of employment in sub-Saharan Africa (2005–20) are obtained based on household survey estimates for 28 countries and an elasticity-type model that relates employm...

Export Quality in Developing Countries

Export Quality in Developing Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2013/108

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Christian Henn , Chris Papageorgiou , and Nicola Spatafora

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 May 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484351635.001

ISBN: 9781484351635

Keywords: Product Quality, Upgrading, export quality, exporter, exporters, commodity exporters, Country and Industry Studies of Trade, Information and Product Quality,

This paper develops new, far more extensive estimates of export quality, covering 178 countries and hundreds of products over 1962–2010. Quality upgrading is particularly rapid during the early stages of dev...

Economic Diversification in LICs
			: Stylized Facts and Macroeconomic Implications

Economic Diversification in LICs : Stylized Facts and Macroeconomic Implications »

Volume/Issue: 2012/13

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Chris Papageorgiou , and Nicola Spatafora

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 December 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475532180.006

ISBN: 9781475532180

Keywords: Trade and real-sector diversification, quality upgrading, volatility, growth, LICs, export diversification, external shocks, external trade, total exports, trading partners

Limited diversification is an underlying characteristic of many low-income countries (LICs). Concentration in sectors with limited scope for increases in productivity and quality may result in less broad-based and...

Finance & Development, September 2008

Finance & Development, September 2008 »

Volume/Issue: 45/3

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 August 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451922394.022

ISBN: 9781451922394

Keywords: low-income countries, international monetary fund, emerging markets, financial markets, monetary policy

The September 2008 issue examines key issues facing low-income countries, including how they should respond to high oil and food prices. Some African economies are now successfully attracting international investor...

FMI Bulletin Vol.37, No.5 Mai 2008

FMI Bulletin Vol.37, No.5 Mai 2008 »

Volume/Issue: 37/5

Series: IMF Survey

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 May 2008

Language: French

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451976038.023

ISBN: 9781451976038

Keywords: food prices, food price, food production, food riots, world food program, food products, food import

Prix alimentaires : le FMI collabore avec les États vulnérables; L'Europe résiste mais des problèmes demeurent; Entretien avec Abdoulaye Bio-Tchané Allemagne : évaluation annuelle; République tchèque: réforme budgé...

FMI Bulletin Vol.35, No.15 Aout 2006

FMI Bulletin Vol.35, No.15 Aout 2006 »

Volume/Issue: 35/15

Series: IMF Survey

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 August 2006

Language: French

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451976717.023

ISBN: 9781451976717

Keywords: monetary fund, economic cooperation, poverty alleviation, exporting countries, world trade organization

With its keen focus on the IMF's work and top macroeconomic and international financial issues, the IMF Survey provides analyses of country, regional, and global developments; insights into Fund operations, policie...

L'allégement de la dette peut-il doper la croissance des pauvres?

L'allégement de la dette peut-il doper la croissance des pauvres? »

Series: Economic Issues

Author(s): Toan Nguyen , Benedict Clements , and Rina Bhattacharya

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 August 2005

Language: French

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589064645.051

ISBN: 9781589064645

Keywords: debt service, external debt, debt relief, foreign debt, budget deficits, public debt, debt overhang, stock of debt, debt-service, debt burdens

The Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) Initiative, launched in 1999 by the IMF and the World Bank, was the first coordinated effort by the international financial community to reduce the foreign debt of the wor...

Budget Support Versus Project Aid

Budget Support Versus Project Aid »

Volume/Issue: 2003/88

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Tito Cordella , and Giovanni Dell'Ariccia

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2003

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451851182.001

ISBN: 9781451851182

Keywords: aid policy, asymmetric information, empirical growth models, budget support, budget surplus, capital expenditures, budget constraint, capital expenditure, Asymmetric and Private Information, Welfare and Poverty: General

Should donors who are interested in the effectiveness of developmental programs rely on conditional budget support or on project aid? To answer this question, we present a model in which only a subset of the develo...