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On the Extrapolation with the Denton Proportional Benchmarking Method

On the Extrapolation with the Denton Proportional Benchmarking Method »

Volume/Issue: 2012/169

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Marco Marini , and Tommaso Di Fonzo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475505177.001

ISBN: 9781475505177

Keywords: extrapolation, growth rates, growth rate, rate of change, time series, Methodology for Collecting, Estimating, and Organizing Macroeconomic Data, Benchmarking, Movement Preservation,

Statistical offices have often recourse to benchmarking methods for compiling quarterly national accounts (QNA). Benchmarking methods employ quarterly indicator series (i) to distribute annual, more reliable series...

Optimal Liquidity and Economic Stability

Optimal Liquidity and Economic Stability »

Volume/Issue: 2012/135

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Linghui Han , and Il Lee

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475503883.001

ISBN: 9781475503883

Keywords: financial assets, financial sector, monetary aggregate, Methodology for Collecting, Estimating, and Organizing Macroeconomic Data, Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit: General, Dynamic Panel,

Monetary aggregates are now much less used as policy instruments as identifying the right measure has become difficult and interest rate transmission has worked well in an increasingly complex financial system. In...

Sovereign Spreads and Contagion Risks in Asia

Sovereign Spreads and Contagion Risks in Asia »

Volume/Issue: 2011/134

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Filiz Unsal , and Carlos Caceres

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455259397.001

ISBN: 9781455259397

Keywords: Sovereign spreads, contagion, market price of risk, exchange rate, exchange rate risk, euro, international monetary fund, Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy, General Financial Markets: General (includes Measurement and Data), General Financial Markets,

This paper explores how much of the movements in the sovereign spreads of Asian economies over the course of the global financial crisis has reflected shifts in (i) global risk aversion; (ii) country-specific risks...

The Hedonic Country Product Dummy Method and Quality Adjustments for Purchasing Power Parity Calculations

The Hedonic Country Product Dummy Method and Quality Adjustments for Purchasing Power Parity Calculations »

Volume/Issue: 2009/271

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mick Silver

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451874167.001

ISBN: 9781451874167

Keywords: Country-Product-Dummy Method, International Comparisons Program, CPD, silver, equation, statistics, econometrics, logarithms

The 2005 International Comparison Program's (ICP) estimates of economy-wide purchasing power parity (PPP) are based on parity estimates for 155 basic expenditure headings, mainly estimated using country product dum...

The Fear of Freedom
			: Politicians and the Independence and Accountability of Financial Sector Supervisors

The Fear of Freedom : Politicians and the Independence and Accountability of Financial Sector Supervisors »

Volume/Issue: 2007/25

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Michael Taylor , Marc Quintyn , and Silvia Ramirez

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451865899.001

ISBN: 9781451865899

Keywords: financial regulation, agency independence, public administration accountability, banking, banking supervision, supervisory agency, central banking, Financial Institutions and Services: Government Policy and Regulation, Public Economics: Miscellaneous Issues: Other, Economics of Regulation,

Compared with the case of central bank independence, independence for financial sector supervisors remains more controversial. This paper analyzes changes in independence and accountability arrangements in a set of...

Trade and Industrial Location with Heterogeneous Labor

Trade and Industrial Location with Heterogeneous Labor »

Volume/Issue: 2004/103

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2004

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451852721.001

ISBN: 9781451852721

Keywords: Agglomeration, matching, spatial mismatch, interregional trade, trade costs, skilled workers, free trade, Models of Trade with Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies, Labor Contracts, Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity

We show in the context of a new economic geography model that when labor is heterogenous trade liberalization may lead to industrial agglomeration and interregional trade. Labor heterogeneity gives local monopoly p...

Foreign Bank Supervision and Challenges to Emerging Market Supervisors

Foreign Bank Supervision and Challenges to Emerging Market Supervisors »

Volume/Issue: 2004/82

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): In Song

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2004

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451850475.001

ISBN: 9781451850475

Keywords: Foreign Bank, Financial Regulation, banking, foreign banks, banking supervisors, consolidated supervision, General Financial Markets: Government Policy and Regulation, Financial Institutions and Services, Regulation and Business Law,

The increased presence of foreign banks in a country's domestic banking system necessitates the development of effective cross-border prudential supervision where the consolidated supervision is the essential eleme...

Intergovernmental Grants Systems and Management
			: Applications of a General Framework to Indonesia

Intergovernmental Grants Systems and Management : Applications of a General Framework to Indonesia »

Volume/Issue: 2002/128

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Bob Searle , Jun Ma , Stefano Piperno , and Ehtisham Ahmad

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2002

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451855067.001

ISBN: 9781451855067

Keywords: Equalization Grants, expenditure, expenditure needs, expenditures, total expenditure, tax bases, State And Local Government, Intergovernmental Relations,

Intergovernmental equalization grants have been described as “the glue that holds a nation together.” Getting the grants system right is critical to countries as they decentralize. This paper illustra...

El Nino and World Primary Commodity Prices
			: Warm Water or Hot Air?

El Nino and World Primary Commodity Prices : Warm Water or Hot Air? »

Volume/Issue: 2000/203

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Allan Brunner

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2000

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451874440.001

ISBN: 9781451874440

Keywords: ENSO, El Ni&;amp;#x00F1;o, primary commodity prices, inflation rate, aggregate demand, price inflation

This paper examines the historical effects of the El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) cycle on world prices and economic activity. The analysis indicates that ENSO has economically-important and statisticall...