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Introducing a General Anti-Avoidance Rule (GAAR)
			: Ensuring That a GAAR Achieves Its Purpose

Introducing a General Anti-Avoidance Rule (GAAR) : Ensuring That a GAAR Achieves Its Purpose »

Volume: 1

Series: Tax Law Technical Note

Author(s): Christophe Waerzeggers , and Cory Hillier

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 January 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513515823.008

ISBN: 9781513515823

Keywords: Tax evasion, Tax regimes, Tax systems, tax, tax benefit, tax law, transaction, tax avoidance

Tax avoidance continues to attract attention globally with strong support for tax law reform at all levels. This Tax Law IMF Technical Note focuses on some of the key design and drafting considerations of one speci...

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Frank Eich , Sanjeev Gupta , Alvar Kangur , Baoping Shang , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 January 2016

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504979971.084

ISBN: 9787504979971

Keywords: Pension reforms, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Pensions, Government expenditures, Cross country analysis, emerging market economies, retirement, pensions, pension spending

Pension reform is high on the policy agenda of many advanced and emerging market economies. In advanced economies the challenge is generally to contain future increases in public pension spending as the population...

Equitable and Sustainable Pensions
			: Challenges and Experience

Equitable and Sustainable Pensions : Challenges and Experience »

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Frank Eich , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 March 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781616359508.071

ISBN: 9781616359508

Keywords: pension, pensions, benefits, pension system, retirement age

Pension reform is high on the agenda of many advanced and emerging market economies, for many reasons. First, public pensions often constitute a large share of government expenditure. Second, population aging means...

Internationaler währungsfondS, Rapport Annuel 2011
			: Vers Une Croissance Équitable Et Équilibrée

Internationaler währungsfondS, Rapport Annuel 2011 : Vers Une Croissance Équitable Et Équilibrée »

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 September 2011

Language: French

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781616351137.011

ISBN: 9781616351137

Keywords: Fy2011, IMF Financing, IMF Accountability, IMF Surveillance, IMF Governance, financial sector, financial stability, debt relief, statistics, balance of payments

The IMF's 2011 Annual Report chronicles the response of the Fund's Executive Board and staff to the global financial crisis and other events during financial year 2011, which covers the period from May 1, 2010, thr...

Investment Objectives of Sovereign Wealth Funds
			: A Shifting Paradigm

Investment Objectives of Sovereign Wealth Funds : A Shifting Paradigm »

Volume/Issue: 2011/19

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Iva Petrova , Jukka Pihlman , Peter Kunzel , and Yinqiu Lu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455211968.001

ISBN: 9781455211968

Keywords: Portfolio Choice, Investment and Risk Management, Government Policy and Regulation, pension, pension reserve, investment objectives, pension fund, risk management, International Finance: General, General Financial Markets: Government Policy and Regulation,

While SWF investment objectives to some extent reflect inherent characteristics, notable differences in strategic asset allocation (SAA) exist even amongst SWFs of similar types. Even so, this paper shows that the...

International Financial Statistics, October 2010

International Financial Statistics, October 2010 »

Series: International Financial Statistics

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 September 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455210510.041

ISBN: 9781455210510

Keywords: claims, liabilities, financial derivatives, loans, debt, debt securities, equity securities, portfolio investment, payments, interest

The IMF's principal statistical publication, International Financial Statistics (IFS) Online, is the standard source of international statistics on all aspects of international and domestic finance. For most countr...

International Financial Statistics, August 2010

International Financial Statistics, August 2010 »

Series: International Financial Statistics

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 August 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455210503.041

ISBN: 9781455210503

Keywords: claims, liabilities, financial derivatives, loans, debt, debt securities, portfolio investment, equity securities, deposit money, deposit money banks

International Financial Statistics provides a complete library of continuously updated international statistics on all aspects of international and domestic finance. The monthly print edition contains over 1,000 pa...

International Financial Statistics, July 2010

International Financial Statistics, July 2010 »

Series: International Financial Statistics

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455213917.041

ISBN: 9781455213917

Keywords: claims, liabilities, financial derivatives, loans, debt, debt securities, portfolio investment, equity securities, payments, interest

International Financial Statistics provides a complete library of continuously updated international statistics on all aspects of international and domestic finance. The monthly print edition contains over 1,000 pa...

International Financial Statistics, June 2010

International Financial Statistics, June 2010 »

Series: International Financial Statistics

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 June 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451963915.041

ISBN: 9781451963915

Keywords: claims, liabilities, financial derivatives, loans, debt, debt securities, equity securities, portfolio investment, payments, interest

International Financial Statistics provides a complete library of continuously updated international statistics on all aspects of international and domestic finance. The monthly print edition contains over 1,000 pa...

International Financial Statistics, May 2010

International Financial Statistics, May 2010 »

Series: International Financial Statistics

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 May 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451963878.041

ISBN: 9781451963878

Keywords: claims, liabilities, financial derivatives, loans, debt, debt securities, portfolio investment, equity securities, payments, interest

International Financial Statistics provides a complete library of continuously updated international statistics on all aspects of international and domestic finance. The monthly print edition contains over 1,000 pa...